1887
Volume 18, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1606-822X
  • E-ISSN: 2309-5067
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Abstract

本文從焦點–重音匹配的角度來探討漢語日常口語中「把」字句謂語部分的複雜性。本文認為,與一般 [PP V] 結構不同,「把」字句是為了在句子層面上把位於「把」NP 後的謂語部分處理為資訊焦點而產生的一種特殊句式,而實現為資訊焦點的必要條件就是必須得到句法結構提供的核心重音。由於「把」字句中「把」後 NP 是謂語動詞的論元,其後的謂語部分只有在句法上形成分支結構才能夠得到核心重音,僅僅在韻律上形成分支結構是不夠的,因此光杆動詞和不形成句法分支的雙音節動詞都被排除在「把」字句之外。這個觀點也適用於其他動詞在尾的結構,例如被動句和「連…都」結構等。

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2017-07-10
2019-12-09
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