1887
image of Lived beliefs
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile) poetry allows us to understand how lived beliefs can be central to the realization of the individual self in community. In this paper, we focus on the poetry of Mata-U’iroa Atan, a Rapa Nui poet who characterizes his political project as walking to fly like a bird. His poem (‘To the Flag’) exemplifies a particular form of corporeal consciousness leading to a project of political persuasion. His poems are written in Rapa Nui, an indigenous Polynesian language and draw attention to sociolinguistic and historical “disjunctures” ( ) in contemporary Rapa Nui community life. We argue that lived beliefs are produced by corporeal consciousness, and verbal art can be central to the mobilization of lived beliefs in the process of persuasion for emancipatory praxis. Poetry can give people an imagination, and this imagination is constitutive of a kind of truth underlying political projects.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/lcs.21013.mak
2022-04-11
2022-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abu-Lughod, L.
    (1986) Veiled Sentiments: Honor and Poetry in a Bedouin Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Althusser, L.
    ([1970] 2001) Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses: (Notes towards an Investigation). InLenin and Philosophy and Other Essays, trans.B. Brewster (pp.85–126). NYU Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Atan, M.-U’.
    (2020) Haere Mo Rere Pehe Manu: Caminando Para Volar En Libertad. Santiago, Chile: Editorial De La Gorra.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakhtin, M. M.
    (1981) The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bauman, R.
    (1977) Verbal Arts as Performance. Long Grove, IL: Waveland.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bendrups, D.
    (2019) Singing and Survival: The Music of Easter Island. New York: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oso/9780190297039.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190297039.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  7. Boas, F.
    (1889) On Alternating Sounds. American Anthropologist, 2(1), 47–54. 10.1525/aa.1889.2.1.02a00040
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1889.2.1.02a00040 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bourdieu, P.
    (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511812507
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812507 [Google Scholar]
  9. (1984) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (2000) Pascalian Mediations. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bourdieu, P. & Wacquant, L.
    (1992) An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Brenneis, D.
    (2005) Afterword: Sense, Sentiment, and Sociality. Ethnofoor, 18(1), 142–149.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Caton, S. C.
    (1990) “Peaks of Yemen I Summon”: Poetry as Cultural Practice in a North Yemeni Tribe. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Comisión Verdad Histórica y Nuevo Trato con los Pueblos Indígenas
    Comisión Verdad Histórica y Nuevo Trato con los Pueblos Indígenas (2003) Informe de la Comisión Verdad Histórica y Nuevo Trato con los Pueblos Indígenas. Santiago de Chile: Gobierno de Chile.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Consejo de Jefes de Rapanui, and Hotus, A.
    (1988) Te mau hatu ’O Rapa Nui: Los soberanos de Rapa Nui; Pasado, presente y futuro. Santiago, Chile: Editorial Emisión; Centro de Estudios Políticos Latinoamericanos Simón Bolívar.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Diamond, J.
    (2005) Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. DiNapoli, R., Rieth, T. M., Lipo, C. P., and Hunt, T. L.
    (2020) A model-based approach to the tempo of ‘collapse’: The case of Rapa Nui (Easter Island). Journal of Archaeological Science, 116, 105094. 10.1016/j.jas.2020.105094
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105094 [Google Scholar]
  18. Du Feu, V., and Fischer, S. R.
    (1993) The Rapanui Language. InS. R. Fischer (ed.), Easter Island Studies (pp.165–168). Oxford: Oxbow Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Durkheim, É.
    ([1938] 1966) The Rules of Sociological Method (3rd ed.). New York: Free Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Friedrich, P.
    (1986) The Language Parallax: Linguistic Relativism and Poetic Indeterminacy. Austin: University of Texas Press. 10.7560/746503
    https://doi.org/10.7560/746503 [Google Scholar]
  21. Foucault, M.
    (1980) Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977. Ed.C. Gordon. Trans.C. Gordon, L. Marshall, J. Mepham, and K. Soper. New York: Pantheon Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (2003) “Society Must Be Defended”: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1975–76. New York: Picador.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gal, S. & Irvine, J.
    (2019) Signs of Difference: Language and Ideology in Social Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781108649209
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108649209 [Google Scholar]
  24. García, M. L.
    (2019) Language, Culture, and Justice: Ixil Mayan Verbal Art in the 2013 Genocide Trial of José Efraín Ríos Montt in Guatemala. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 29(2), 239–248. 10.1111/jola.12245
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jola.12245 [Google Scholar]
  25. Goffman, E.
    (1974) Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Gramsci, A.
    (1971) Selections From The Prison Notebooks Of Antonio Gramsci. New York: International Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hill, J. H.
    (1985) The Grammar of Consciousness, and the Consciousness of Grammar. American Ethnologist, 12(4), 725–737. 10.1525/ae.1985.12.4.02a00080
    https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.1985.12.4.02a00080 [Google Scholar]
  28. (1995) The Voices of Don Gabriel: Responsibility and Self in a Modern Mexicano Narrative. InD. Tedlock and B. Mannheim (Eds.), The Dialogic Emergence of Culture (pp.97–147). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Hymes, D.
    ([1981] 2016) “In Vain I Tried to Tell You”: Essays in Native American Ethnopoetics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 10.9783/9781512802917
    https://doi.org/10.9783/9781512802917 [Google Scholar]
  30. Inoue, M.
    (2003) The Listening Subject of Japanese Modernity and His Auditory Double: Citing, Sighting, and Siting the Modern Japanese Woman. Cultural Anthropologist, 18(2), 156–193. 10.1525/can.2003.18.2.156
    https://doi.org/10.1525/can.2003.18.2.156 [Google Scholar]
  31. Jakobson, R.
    (1960) Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics. InT. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in Language (pp.350–377). Cambridge, MA; MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Kieviet, P.
    (2017) A Grammar of Rapa Nui. Berlin: Language Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kockelman, P.
    (2012) Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure. New York: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926985.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926985.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  34. Laclau, E. & Mouffe, C.
    ([1985] 2014) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy Towards a Radical Democratic Politics (2nd ed.). London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Makihara, M.
    (2004) Linguistic Syncretism and Language Ideologies: Transforming Sociolinguistic Hierarchy on Rapa Nui (Easter Island). American Anthropologist, 106(3), 529–540. 10.1525/aa.2004.106.3.529
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.2004.106.3.529 [Google Scholar]
  36. (2013) Language, Competence, Use, Ideology, and Community on Rapa Nui. Language & Communication, 33, 439–449. 10.1016/j.langcom.2013.03.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2013.03.005 [Google Scholar]
  37. Mannheim, K.
    ([1936] 1985) Ideology and Utopia. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Marx, K., and Engels, F.
    (1972) The German Ideology. Edited byC. J. Arthur. New York: International Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Mauss, M.
    ([1938] 1985) A Category of the Human Mind. InM. Carrithers, S. Collins, & S. Lukes (Eds.), The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History (pp.1–25). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. McCall, G.
    (1994) Rapanui: Tradition and Survival on Easter Island. University of Hawaiʼi Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Mead, G. H.
    ([1934] 2015) Mind, Self, and Society: The Definitive Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Meek, B.
    (2010) We Are Our Language; An Ethnography of Language Revitalization in a Northern Athabaskan Community. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Mendoza-Denton, N.
    (2008) Homegirls: Language and Cultural Practice among Latina Youth Gangs. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. 10.1002/9780470693728
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470693728 [Google Scholar]
  44. Métraux, A.
    (1940) Ethnology of Easter Island. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin, Volume160. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Nettle, D., and Romaine, S.
    (2000) Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World’s Languages. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Nuckolls, J. B.
    (2010) Lessons from a Quechua Strongwoman: Ideophony, Dialogue, and Perspective. University of Arizona Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Oakdale, S.
    (2005) “I Foresee My Life”: The Ritual Performance of Autobiography in an Amazonian Community. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Ochs, E., and Capps, L.
    (1996) Narrating the Self. Annual Review of Anthropology, 25, 19–43. 10.1146/annurev.anthro.25.1.19
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.25.1.19 [Google Scholar]
  49. Peirce, C. S.
    (1955) Philosophical Writings of Peirce. New York: Dover Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Ramos, A. R.
    (1994) The Hyperreal Indian. Critique of Anthropology, 14(2), 153–171. 10.1177/0308275X9401400203
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0308275X9401400203 [Google Scholar]
  51. Rodríguez, J. L. and Makihara, M.
    (2019) Postura, poder y política. Anuario de Glotopolítica3. https://glotopolitica.com/indiceaglo3/postura-poder-y-politica/
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Rosaldo, R.
    (1989) Culture & Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis. Boston: Beacon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Sapir, E.
    ([1933] 1958) The Psychological Reality of Phonemes. InE. Sapir, Selected Writings of Edward Sapir (pp.46–60). Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Sherzer, J.
    (2002) Speech Play and Verbal Art. Austin: University of Texas Press. 10.7560/777682
    https://doi.org/10.7560/777682 [Google Scholar]
  55. Singer, M.
    (1980) Signs of the Self: An Exploration in Semiotic Anthropology. American Anthropologist, 82(3), 485–507. 10.1525/aa.1980.82.3.02a00010
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1980.82.3.02a00010 [Google Scholar]
  56. Taylor, C.
    (1989) Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Thompson, J. B.
    (1990) Ideology and Modern Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Teave, M.
    (2021) I He a Hotu Matu’a. InRapa Nui Odyssey. Rubicon Classics. Compact disc.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Webster, A. K.
    (2015) Intimate Grammars: An Ethnography of Navajo Poetry. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/lcs.21013.mak
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/lcs.21013.mak
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: Rapa Nui ; emancipation ; Indigenous language ; poetry ; beliefs ; corporeal consciousness
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error