1887
Volume 9, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2210-4119
  • E-ISSN: 2210-4127
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

In classroom interactions, facilitation of children’s autonomous choice of acting (agency) may produce conflicts among children. While facilitation does not have the function of managing these conflicts, it shares some types of action with conflict mediation, one of which is formulation. Formulation elaborates the gist of previous utterances and enhances interlocutors’ actions. This paper provides a qualitative analysis of nine transcribed sequences of interaction, included into five different programs of facilitation. The analysis shows that formulations fulfil two different functions. First (function of mediation), they are designed as developments of the gist of children’s utterances, enhancing stories of cooperation. Second (function of facilitation), they are designed as explications of the gist of children’s utterances, without enhancing cooperative stories.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ld.00038.bar
2019-07-12
2019-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baraldi, Claudio
    2012 “Participation, facilitation and mediation in educational interactions.” InParticipation, Facilitation, and Mediation. Children and Young People in their Social Context, ed. byClaudio Baraldi and Vittorio Iervese, 66–86. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2014a “Children’s participation in communication systems: A theoretical perspective to shape research.” InSoul of Society: A Focus on the Life of Children and Youth, ed. byNicole Warehime, 63–92. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing. 10.1108/S1537‑466120140000018014
    https://doi.org/10.1108/S1537-466120140000018014 [Google Scholar]
  3. 2014b “Formulations in dialogic facilitation of classroom interactions.” Language and Dialogue4(2): 234–260. doi:  10.1075/ld.4.2.04bar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.4.2.04bar [Google Scholar]
  4. Baraldi, Claudio and Federico Farini
    2011 “Dialogic Mediation in International Groups of Adolescents.” Language and Dialogue1(2): 207–232. 10.1075/ld.1.2.03bar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.1.2.03bar [Google Scholar]
  5. Baraldi, Claudio and Vittorio Iervese
    2010 “Dialogic mediation in conflict resolution education.” Conflict Resolution Quarterly27(4): 423–445. 10.1002/crq.20005
    https://doi.org/10.1002/crq.20005 [Google Scholar]
  6. 2015 “Observing children’s capabilities as agency.” InChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects, ed. byDaniel Stöcklin and Jean-Michel Bonvin, 43–65. Dodrecht: Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2017 “Narratives of memories and dialogues in multicultural classrooms.” Narrative Inquiry27(2): 398–417. doi:  10.1075/ni.27.2.10bar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ni.27.2.10bar [Google Scholar]
  8. Baraldi, Claudio and Elisa Rossi
    2011 “Promotion of participation and mediation in multicultural classrooms.” Irish Educational Studies30(3): 383–401. doi:  10.1080/03323315.2011.569083
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03323315.2011.569083 [Google Scholar]
  9. Black, Laura
    2008 “Deliberation, storytelling, and dialogic moments.” Communication Theory18: 93–116. doi:  10.1111/j.1468‑2885.2007.00315.x.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2007.00315.x [Google Scholar]
  10. Bush, Robert A. Baruch and Joseph P. Folger
    1994The Promise of Mediation: Responding to Conflict through Empowerment and Recognition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cloke, Kenneth
    2013The Dance of Opposites. Explorations in Mediation, Dialogue and Conflict Resolution Systems. Dallas: Goodmedia Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fitzgerald, Robyn, Anne Graham, Anne Smith, and Nicola Taylor
    2010 “Children’s participation as a struggle over recognition: exploring the promise of dialogue.” InA Handbook of Children’s and Young People’s Participation. Perspectives from Theory and Practice, ed. byBarry Percy-Smith and Nigel Thomas, 293–305. London/New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Garcia, Angela Cora
    2012 “Advice-giving and disputant empowerment in divorce mediation sessions”. Language and Dialogue2(3): 398–426. 10.1075/ld.2.3.05gar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.2.3.05gar [Google Scholar]
  14. Garcia, Angela Cora, Kristie Vise, and Stephen Paul Whitaker
    2002 “Disputing neutrality: A case study of a bias complaint during mediation.” Conflict Resolution Quarterly20(2): 205–230. doi:  10.1075/ld.2.3.05gar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.2.3.05gar [Google Scholar]
  15. Giddens, Anthony
    1984The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Graham, Anne and Robyn Fitzgerald
    2010 “Progressing children’s participation: Exploring the potential of a dialogical turn.” Childhood17(3): 342–359. doi: 10.1177%2F0907568210369219
    https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0907568210369219 [Google Scholar]
  17. Heisterkamp, Brian
    2006 “Conversational displays of mediator neutrality in a court based program.” Journal of Pragmatics38: 2051–2064. 10.1016/j.pragma.2006.03.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2006.03.005 [Google Scholar]
  18. Hendry, Richard
    2009Building and Restoring Respectful Relationships in Schools. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Heritage, John
    1985 “Analysing news interviews: Aspects of the production of talk for an overhearing audience”. InHandbook of Discourse Analysis. Discourse and Dialogue, ed. byTeun van Dijk, 95–117. London: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Heritage, John and Steve Clayman
    2010Talk in Action. Interactions, Identities, and Institutions. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 10.1002/9781444318135
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444318135 [Google Scholar]
  21. Heritage, John and Rod Watson
    1979 “Formulations as conversational objects.” InEveryday Language, ed. byGeorge Psathas, 123–162. New York: Irvington Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hill, Malcolm, John Davis, Alan Prout, and Kay Tisdall
    2004 “Moving the participation agenda forward.” Children & Society18 (2): 77–96. doi:  10.1002/chi.819
    https://doi.org/10.1002/chi.819 [Google Scholar]
  23. Hutchby, Ian
    2005 “Active listening: Formulations and the elicitation of feelings-talk in child counselling.” Research on Language and Social Interaction38 (3): 303–329. doi:  10.1207/s15327973rlsi3803_4
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327973rlsi3803_4 [Google Scholar]
  24. 2007The Discourse of Child Counselling. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/impact.21
    https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.21 [Google Scholar]
  25. James, Allison
    2009 “Agency.” InThe Palgrave Handbook of Childhood Studies, ed. byJens Qvortrup, William Corsaro and Michael-Sebastian Honig, 34–45. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Leonard, Madeleine
    2016The Sociology of Children, Childhood and Generation. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Luhmann, Niklas
    1995Social Systems. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 2002Das Erziehungssystem der Gesellschaft. Frankfurt a.M.: Surhrkamp.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mayer, Bernard
    2000The Dynamics of Conflict Resolution. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mehan, Hugh
    1979Learning Lessons. Cambridge (Ma): Harvard University Press. 10.4159/harvard.9780674420106
    https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674420106 [Google Scholar]
  31. Mulchay, Linda
    2001 “The Possibilities and Desirability of Mediator Neutrality – Towards an Ethic of Partiality?” Social & Legal Studies10(4): 505–527. doi: 10.1177%2Fa020411
    https://doi.org/10.1177%2Fa020411 [Google Scholar]
  32. O’Connor, Mary Catherine and Sarah Michaels
    1996 “Shifting participant frameworks: Orchestrating thinking practices in group discussion.” InDiscourse, Learning, and Schooling, ed. byDeborah Hicks, 63–103. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511720390.003
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511720390.003 [Google Scholar]
  33. Oswell, David
    2013The Agency of Children. From Family to Global Human Rights. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Percy-Smith, Barry
    2018 “Participation as learning for change in everyday spaces: Enhancing meaning and effectiveness using action research.” InTheorising Childhood. Citizenship, Rights and Participation, ed. byClaudio Baraldi and Tom Cockburn, 159–186. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Picard, Cheryl and Kenneth Melchin
    2007 “Insight mediation: A learning-centered mediation model.” Negotiation Journal23(1): 35–53. doi:  10.1111/j.1571‑9979.2007.00126.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1571-9979.2007.00126.x [Google Scholar]
  36. Shier, Harry
    2001 “Pathways to participation: openings, opportunities and obligations.” Children & Society15 (2): 107–117. doi:  10.1002/chi.617
    https://doi.org/10.1002/chi.617 [Google Scholar]
  37. 2010 “Pathways to participation’ revisited. Learning from Nicaragua’s child coffee workers.” InA Handbook of Children’s and Young People’s Participation. Perspectives from Theory and Practice, ed. byBarry Percy-Smith and Nigel Thomas, 215–229. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Sinclair, John and Michael Coulthard
    1975Towards an Analysis of Discourse. The English used by Teachers and Pupils. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Stewart, Katherine A. and Madeline M. Maxwell
    2010Storied Conflict Talk. Narrative Construction of Mediation. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sin.12
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sin.12 [Google Scholar]
  40. Stokoe, Elisabeth and Rein Sikveland
    2016 “Formulating solutions in mediation.” Journal of Pragmatics105: 101–113. doi:  10.1016/j.pragma.2016.08.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2016.08.006 [Google Scholar]
  41. Van der Houwen, Fleur
    2009 “Formulating disputes.” Journal of Pragmatics41: 2072–2085. doi:  10.1016/j.pragma.2009.02.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.02.009 [Google Scholar]
  42. Walsh, Steve
    2011Exploring Classroom Discourse: Language in Action. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203827826
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203827826 [Google Scholar]
  43. Winslade, John and Gerard Monk
    2008Practicing Narrative Mediation: Loosening the Grip of Conflict. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Winslade, John and Michael Williams
    2011Safe and Peaceful Schools: Addressing Conflict and Eliminating Violence. Thousand Oaks: Corwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Wyness, Michael
    2013 “Children’s participation and intergenerational dialogue: bringing adults back into the analysis.” Childhood20 (4): 429–442. doi: 10.1177%2F0907568212459775
    https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0907568212459775 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ld.00038.bar
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): classroom interaction , conflict mediation , cooperation , facilitation , formulations and reframing
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error