1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2452-1949
  • E-ISSN: 2452-2147
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper presents a close inspection of the research conducted with a sociolinguistic survey of Nepalese languages developed by Linguistic Survey of Nepal (LiNSuN) Project (2008–2018). The paper provides an overview of the linguistic situation of Nepal with brief outlines of various linguistic surveys in different times. It also examines the various sociolinguistic surveys (SLS) and their implications. Through a reflection of my personal engagement in various activities of the surveys, e.g. Kaike (Regmi 2012), Bhojpuri and Awadhi (Thakur and Regmi 2013), Khadiya (Dahal and Yadava 2014), Gangai (Gautam and Thakur 2014) and Thulung (Gautam and Sapkota 2014), Aathpahariya (Regmi 2015) and Tharu (Yadav 2015), Limbu (Gautam and Thakur 2016), and Dhuleli (Prasai and Regmi 2017) and Lohwa (Gautam 2017), and quantitative information available in the literature, it is concluded that previous surveys have mainly focused on sociolinguistic features and have disregarded the ethnolinguistic characteristics.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/le.19004.gau
2020-09-09
2020-09-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bandhu, Chura Mani
    1968Report of the preliminary linguistic survey in Bagmati and Janakpur zones of Nepal. [in Nepali]. Kathmandu: TU, CNAS.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Blair, Frank
    1990Survey on a Shoestring: A Manual for Small-Scale Language Surveys. SIL and the University of TexasatArlington.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Casad, Eugene
    1974Dialect Intelligibility Testing. Norman: SIL International.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
    Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) 2001Population Census. Kathmandu, Nepal.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
    Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) 2011Population Census. Kathmandu, Nepal.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dahal, Binod and Surya Yadav
    2014 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Khadiya. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gautam, Bhim Lal
    2014 Sociolinguistic survey of Nepalese languages. Paper presented at theworkshop on Nepalese Languages. Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, Lyon, France. 27 March 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2017 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Lohwa Language. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 2018 Sociolinguistic survey of Nepalese languages. Paper presented atDocumentary Linguistics – Asian Perspectives 3 (DLAP3). Mahidol University, Thailand. 23–25 July 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gautam, Bhim Lal and Indresh Thakur
    2014 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Koch and Gangai. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  11. 2016 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Limbu. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  12. Gautam, Bhim Lal and Suren Sapkota
    2014 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Thulung. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  13. Gautam, Bhim Lal , Regmi, Dan Raj and Ambika Regmi
    2017 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Lohwa Language. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  14. Glover, Warren W.
    1971Swadesh list calculations on thirty Tibeto-Burman languages. Kathmandu: SIL.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Glover, Warren W. and John K. Landon
    1980 Gurung dialects. In S. A. Wurm , ed.Papers in South-East Asian Linguistics No. 7. Pacific Linguistics Series A, No. 53. Canberra: Australian National University. 29–77.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Grierson, George A.
    1927Linguistic Survey of India, volume 1 part 1. Delhi: Motilal Banarasidas [Reprint 1967].
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Government of Nepal
    Government of Nepal 2015Constitution of Nepal. Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Grierson, George and Sten Konow
    1898–1927Linguistic Survey of India, 19volumes, Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, India. Reprinted 1967 Delhi: Motilal Banarasi Das.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hale, Austin
    1993 Sociolinguistic Survey of Nepal. A proposal for a joint project to be conducted under the auspices of the Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies with the sponsorship of the Summer Institute of Linguistics. Draft Three, 15April 1993.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hansson, Gerd
    1991The Rai of Eastern Nepal: Ethnic and Linguistic Grouping. Findings of The Linguistic Survey of Nepal. Kathmandu: Linguistic Survey of Nepal and CNAS.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hodgson, Brian H.
    1847–48 On the Aborigines of the sub-Himalayas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal16: 1235–44, 17: 73–78.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 1857a Comparative grammar of the languages of the broken tribes of Nepal. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal26(5): 317–332.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 1857b Comparative vocabulary of the several languages (dialects) of celebrated people called Kirantis, now occupying the easternmost province of the kingdom of Nepal, or Basin of River Arun. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal26(5): 333–71.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 1857c Vayu vocabulary. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal26(5–6): 372–485.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 1857–8 Bahing Vocabulary. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal26(5): 486–522, 27(5): 393–442.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 1880 Vocabulary of the dialects of the Kiranti languages. Miscellaneous Essays Relating to Indian Subjects. Volume1, Section II: On Himalayan ethnology. London. 178–215.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hoernle, Rudolf
    1880A Comparative Grammar of the Gaudian Languages, with Special Reference to the Eastern Hindi, accompanied by a Language-map and a Table of Alphabets. London: Trübner & Co.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Johnstone, Barbara
    2000Qualitative Methods in Sociolinguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lewis, M. Paul , Gary F. Simons , and Charles D. Fennig
    eds. 2013Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: www.ethnologue.com (/country/np)
    [Google Scholar]
  30. LiNSuN Questionnaires
    LiNSuN Questionnaires 2008 Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.
  31. Michailovsly, Boyd
    1988 Phonological typology of Nepal languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area11(2): 25–50.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. National Planning Commission, GON
    National Planning Commission, GON 2007 Linguistic Survey of Nepal: Proposal.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. O’Leary, Clare F.
    ed. 1992Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan , Volume II : Languages of Northern Areas. NIPS and SIL.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Pokharel, Bal Krishna
    2002 VS. Rastra Bhasa [National language]. Kathmandu: Sajha.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Prakashan, Pradhan Rajendra and Ava Shrestha
    2005Ethnic and Caste Diversity: Implications for Development. Kathmandu: Asian Development Bank.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Radolf, Carla
    1989 Sentence Repetition for Studies of Community Bilingualism. Pre-publication draft, unpublished manuscript.
  37. Regmi, Ambika
    2012 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Kaike. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. 2015 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Aathpariya. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Regmi, Dan Raj
    2010 Linguistic Survey of Nepal: Progress, Challenges and Prospect. Paper presented at theLinguistic Survey of Nepal: Progress, Challenges and Prospect and Field Report Presentation Workshop, Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal, 21 June 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Regmi, Dan Raj and Balaram Prasain
    2017 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Dhuleli. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  41. Simons, Gary F.
    1984 Word list analysis in the field with a notebook computer. Occasional Papers in Academic Computing5. Dallas: SIL International.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Thakur, Indresh and Ambika Regmi
    2013 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Bhojpuri. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Thakur, Indresh and Surya Yadav
    2013 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Awadhi. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
  44. Toba, Sueyoshi
    1973 Preliminary exploratory language survey report of some Rai languages (dialects).
    [Google Scholar]
  45. 1998A Bibliography of Nepalese Languages and Linguistics. Kathmandu, Central Department of Linguistics, TU.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Toba, Sueyoshi , Ingrid Toba and Novel Kishore Rai
    2002UNESCO Language Survey Report. Kathmandu: UNESCO.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Varenkamp, Bryan K.
    1996Tamang Tam: A Sociolinguistic Study of Eastern Tamang Dialects (in Nepal). Kathmandu: TU, CNAS.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Webster, Jeff
    1992 The sociolinguistic survey of Tibeto-Burman dialects: North Gorkha District (mimeo).
    [Google Scholar]
  49. 2001 The sociolinguistic study of Limbu. Journal of Nepalese Literature, Art and Culture4(1):51–84.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Winter, Werner
    1984Distribution of Languages and Sublanguages in Eastern Nepal. TU CNAS.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. 1986 The linguistic survey of Nepal. In Bernhard Kolver , ed.Aspects of Nepalese Traditions. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner. 171–179.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Yadav, Dev Narayan and Binod Dahal
    2014 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Khadiya. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU.
  53. Yadav, Surya
    2015 A Sociolinguistic Survey of Tharu. Unpublished report. LiNSuN Central Department of Linguistics, TU, Kathmandu.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Yadava, Yogendra P.
    2007 Linguistic diversity in Nepal: Perspectives on language policy. Paper presented at theInternational Seminar on Constitutionalism and diversity in Nepal, CNAS, Kathmandu, 22–24 August 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. 2014 Language. Population Monograph, volumeII. Kathmandu: CBS.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Yadava, Yogendra P. and Mark Turin
    2007 Indigenous languages of Nepal: A critical analysis of the linguistic situation and contemporary issues. InThe Indigenous Languages of Nepal (ILN): Situation, Policy Planning and Coordination. Lalitpur: NFDIN.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/le.19004.gau
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/le.19004.gau
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error