Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0378-4169
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9927
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In this article we have stressed the treatment of the genitive case for a syntactic classification of sentences containing frozen complements: the genitive presents a problem to the extent that several syntactic functions can be assigned to it. Thus, on the one hand we examine sentences whose complement in the genitive is frozen and, on the other hand, we examine frozen sentences whose genitive complement is free.In the first case, we use three tests to determine the syntactic status of the genitive in question:(i) the alternation of the genitive complement with a prepositional phrase;(ii) a comparison with free sentences having an equivalent structure;(iii) the paraphrase of the genitive complement by an adverbial, which is frequently prepositional.In the second case, when the base form is N0 V C (accus) N (gén), we have made use of such properties as the following:(i) the pronominalisation in the form of a Ppv,(ii) the pronominalisation in the form of a Poss,(iii) the alternation of the genitive with a prepositional phrase (à N (accus)), which brings out distinct structures quite clearly.In this way, taking syntactic criteria into account for the analysis of (free or frozen) genitive forms allows us to set up classes that are more homogeneous from the point of view of their syntax. We have also been able to observe that cases, as morphological markers, play no essential role in the criteria that constitute the basis of our classification.


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  • Article Type: Other
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