Volume 37, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0378-4169
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9927
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RETRACTION NOTICE. 28 Oct. 2019: This article is retracted at the request of the authors, who became aware that the dataset they crawled from https://rabindra-rachanabali.nltr.org/ was owned by SNLTR and under copyright, and had been used without permission. Once aware of this, the authors have not been able to obtain the appropriate permissions.

One of the key issues in both natural language understanding and generation is the appropriate processing of Multiword Expressions (MWEs). MWEs pose a huge problem to the precise language processing due to their idiosyncratic nature and diversity in lexical, syntactical and semantic properties. The semantics of a MWE cannot be expressed after combining the semantics of its constituents. Therefore, the formalism of semantic clustering is often viewed as an instrument for extracting MWEs especially for resource constraint languages like Bengali. The present semantic clustering approach contributes to locate clusters of the synonymous noun tokens present in the document. These clusters in turn help measure the similarity between the constituent words of a potentially candidate phrase using a vector space model and judge the suitability of this phrase to be a MWE. In this experiment, we apply the semantic clustering approach for noun-noun bigram MWEs, though it can be extended to any types of MWEs. In parallel, the well known statistical models, namely Point-wise Mutual Information (PMI), Log Likelihood Ratio (LLR), Significance function are also employed to extract MWEs from the Bengali corpus. The comparative evaluation shows that the semantic clustering approach outperforms all other competing statistical models. As a byproduct of this experiment, we have started developing a standard lexicon in Bengali that serves as a productive Bengali linguistic thesaurus.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Bengali; collocation; idiom; Multiword expressions; semantic clustering
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