1887
Volume 9, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1879-7865
  • E-ISSN: 1879-7873
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Abstract

Résumé

Cette recherche, située dans le cadre proposé par Talmy (198519912000), analyse la façon dont des apprenants francophones du chinois langue étrangère (un groupe de niveau intermédiaire et un groupe de niveau avancé) expriment les procès spatiaux causatifs, en comparaison avec des locuteurs natifs du chinois et du français. La procédure utilisée est celle d’une analyse de corpus oraux produits à partir d’une description de séquences animées. Les réponses ont été étudiées au niveau du choix des informations exprimées, de la densité sémantique et de la façon dont les informations ont été encodées. Les résultats révèlent les phénomènes suivants : (1) les apprenants intermédiaires produisent des réponses qui sont en apparence proches de celles des locuteurs natifs du français, mais très différentes de celles des locuteurs natifs du chinois en tous points ; ils ont des difficultés à exprimer un nombre important d’informations dans un seul énoncé grammaticalement correct. En revanche, (2) les apprenants avancés s’éloignent du modèle de leur langue maternelle et montrent une progression nette vers la langue cible au niveau du choix et de la quantité d’informations exprimées ; cependant, les moyens linguistiques utilisés présentent encore des différences avec ceux des locuteurs natifs du chinois.

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2019-01-21
2019-11-14
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