1887
Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2214-9953
  • E-ISSN: 2214-9961
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

In this qualitative research study, we examine changes made in 23 New York City schools that participated in a project for which participating schools were asked to regard bilingualism as a resource in instruction and develop a multilingual linguistic landscape. Findings document efforts made by schools to change their linguistic landscape in ways that recognize students’ many languages and cultures, significant corresponding ideological shifts by school leaders from monolingual to multilingual views of language and language learning, educators’ incorporation of students’ home languages in instruction, and new formal language education policies resulting from these efforts. We document the impact of all of these changes on students and their families and suggest that research on linguistic landscape conducted in schools should consider not only the physical landscape but also its connections to pedagogy, programming, and language policies.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ll.17024.men
2018-08-27
2019-10-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Advocates for Children and New York Immigration Coalition
    Advocates for Children and New York Immigration Coalition (2007) School year filled with missed communication. A report by the Equity Monitoring Project for Immigrant and Refugee Education (EMPIRE). New York: Author. Retrieved8/15/16fromwww.advocatesforchildren.org/sites/default/files/library/missed_communications_2007.pdf?pt=1
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ben-Rafael, E. , Shohamy, E. , Amara, M. H. & Trumper-Hecht, N.
    (2006) Linguistic landscape as symbolic construction of the public space: The case of Israel. International Journal of Multilingualism, 3(1), 7–30.10.1080/14790710608668383
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710608668383 [Google Scholar]
  3. Brown, K. D.
    (2012) The Linguistic landscape of educational spaces: Language revitalization and schools in southeastern Estonia. In D. Gorter , H. F. Marten , & L. Van Mensel (Eds.), Minority languages in the linguistic landscape (pp.281–298). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.10.1057/9780230360235_16
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230360235_16 [Google Scholar]
  4. Cenoz, J. & Gorter, D.
    (2006) Linguistic landscape and minority languages. International Journal of Multilingualism, (3)1, 67–80.10.1080/14790710608668386
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710608668386 [Google Scholar]
  5. Cenoz, J. , & Gorter, D.
    (2008) The linguistic landscape as an additional source of input in second language acquisition. IRAL, 46, 267–287.10.1515/IRAL.2008.012
    https://doi.org/10.1515/IRAL.2008.012 [Google Scholar]
  6. Clemente, M. , Andrade, A. I. , & Martins, F.
    (2012) Learning to read the world, learning to look at the linguistic landscape: A primary school study. In C. Hélot , M. Barni , R. Janssens , & C. Bagna (Eds.), Linguistic landscapes, multilingualism, and social change (pp.267–285). Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Creswell, J. W.
    (2013) Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions (3rd Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Dagenais, D. , Moore, D. , Sabatier, C. , Lamarre, P. and Armand, F.
    (2009) Linguistic Landscape and Language Awareness. In E. Shohamy and D. Gorter (Eds.), Linguistic landscape: expanding the scenery (pp.253–270). New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Dressler, R.
    (2015) Signgeist: Promoting bilingualism through the linguistic landscape of school signage. International Journal of Multilingualism, 12(1), 128–145.10.1080/14790718.2014.912282
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2014.912282 [Google Scholar]
  10. García, O.
    (2009) Bilingual education in the 21st century: A global perspective. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. García, O. , & Fishman, J.
    (Eds.) (2002) The multilingual apple: Languages in New York City (2nd ed.). Berlin, Germany: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110885811
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110885811 [Google Scholar]
  12. García, O. , Ibarra Johnson, S. , & Seltzer, K.
    (2016) The translanguaging classroom: Leveraging student bilingualism for learning. Philadephia, PA; Caslon.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. García, O. , & Menken, K.
    (2015) Cultivating an ecology of multilingualism in schools: Building interindividuality of voices and ideologies. In. B. Spolsky , O. Inbar , & M. Tannenbaum (Eds.), Challenges for language education and policy: Making space for people (pp.95–108). New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Garvin, R. , & Eisenhower, K.
    (2016) A comparative study of linguistic landscapes in middle schools in Korea and Texas: Contrasting signs of learning and identity Construction. In R. Blackwood , E. Lanza , & H. Woldemariam (Eds.), Negotiating and contesting identities in linguistic landscapes (pp.215–231). New York, NY: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gorter, D. , & Cenoz, J.
    (2014) Linguistic Landscapes inside Multilingual Schools. In B. Spolsky , M. Tannenbaum , & O. Inbar (Eds.), Challenges for Language Education and Policy: Making Space for People (pp.151–169). New York: Routledge Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jakonen, T.
    (2018) The environment of a bilingual classroom as an interactional resource. Linguistics and Education, 44(2018), 20–30.10.1016/j.linged.2017.09.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2017.09.005 [Google Scholar]
  17. Jaworski, A. & Thurlow, C.
    (Eds.) (2010) Semiotic landscapes: Language, image, space. London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Laihonen, P. & Szabó, T.
    (2018) Studying the visual and material dimensions of education and learning. Linguistics and Education, 44(2018), 1–3.10.1016/j.linged.2017.10.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2017.10.003 [Google Scholar]
  19. Landry, R. & Bourhis, R. Y.
    (1997) Linguistic Landscape and Ethnolinguistic Vitality: An Empirical Study. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 16(1), 23–49.10.1177/0261927X970161002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X970161002 [Google Scholar]
  20. Leung, G. and Wu, M.
    (2012) Linguistic landscape and heritage language literacy education: A case study of linguistic rescaling in Philadelphia Chinatown. Written Language & Literacy, 15, 114–140.10.1075/wll.15.1.06leu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.15.1.06leu [Google Scholar]
  21. Malinowski, D.
    (2015) Opening spaces of learning in the linguistic landscape. Linguistic Landscape, 1(1/2), 95–113.10.1075/ll.1.1‑2.06mal
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ll.1.1-2.06mal [Google Scholar]
  22. Merriam, S. B. & Tisdell, E. J.
    (2016) Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (4th Edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Miles, M. B. , Huberman, A. M. , & Saldaña, J.
    (2013) Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (3rd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE
    [Google Scholar]
  24. New York City Department of Education, Division of English Language Learners and Student Support
    New York City Department of Education, Division of English Language Learners and Student Support (2018) English language learners demographics report for the 2016-17 school year. New York, NY: Author. Retrieved5/7/18fromschools.nyc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/3A4AEC4C-14BD-49C4-B2E6-8EDF5D873BE4/223369/201617DemographicReportFINALSpring20191.pdf
  25. Pakarinen, S. & Björklund, S.
    (2018) Multiple language signage in linguistic landscapes and students’ language practices: A case study from a language immersion setting. Linguistics and Education, 44(2018), 4–11.10.1016/j.linged.2017.10.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2017.10.005 [Google Scholar]
  26. Pennycook, A. & Otsuji, E.
    (2015) Making scents of the landscape. Linguistic Landscape, 1(3), 191–21210.1075/ll.1.3.01pen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ll.1.3.01pen [Google Scholar]
  27. Sayer, P.
    (2010) Using the linguistic landscape as a pedagogical resource. ELT Journal, 64(2), 143–154.10.1093/elt/ccp051
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccp051 [Google Scholar]
  28. Scarvaglieri, C. , Redder, A. , Pappenhagen, R. & Brehmer, B.
    (2012) Capturing diversity: Linguistic land- and soundscaping. In I. Gogolin & J. Duarte (Eds.), Linguistic super-diversity in urban areas: Research approaches (pp.45–74). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Shohamy, E.
    (2015) LL research as expanding language and language policy. Linguistic Landscape, 1(1/2),152–171.10.1075/ll.1.1‑2.09sho
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ll.1.1-2.09sho [Google Scholar]
  30. Shohamy, E. , Ben-Rafael, E. , & Berni, M.
    (Eds.) (2010) Linguistic landscape in the city. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Shohamy, E. and Gorter, D.
    (2008) Linguistic landscapes: Expanding the scenery. New York and London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Shohamy, E.
    (2006) Language policy: Hidden agendas and new approaches. London, UK: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Steele, J. , Slater, R. , Zamarro, G. , Miller, T. , Li, J. , Burkhauser, S. , & Bacon, M.
    (2017) Effects of dual-language immersion programs on student achievement: Evidence from lottery data. American Educational Research Journal, 54(1S), 282S–306S.10.3102/0002831216634463
    https://doi.org/10.3102/0002831216634463 [Google Scholar]
  34. The Economist
    The Economist (2011) Say what?The Economist, 9/10/11.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Umansky, I. , & Reardon, S. F.
    (2014) Reclassification patterns among Latino English learner students in bilingual, dual immersion, and English immersion classrooms. American Educational Research Journal, 51, 879–912.10.3102/0002831214545110
    https://doi.org/10.3102/0002831214545110 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ll.17024.men
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ll.17024.men
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error