Volume 7, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2214-9953
  • E-ISSN: 2214-9961
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



This article presents the redefined concept of the as space where transnational, newly arrived, and settled families can provide agency for their identity framing through multisensory discourse resources. The study investigated the experiential, non-interactional multisensory discourse resources in the homescape. The homescape extends from the Linguistic Landscape and houses temporal and spatial components, which occur over time. The yearlong ethnographic case study of three Nepalese families (two transmigrant Ghurkha families and one immigrant family) included 150 hours of observational data triangulated with qualitative interviews. The study posed two questions: How do transmigrant and transnational families find capacity for agency in the homescape? How do families use experiential multisensory discourse resources embedded in homescape to facilitate identity framing? Findings highlighted that experiential multisensory discourse resources are threads of identity in the home that have yet to be fully recognized as research evidence by ethnographers in the home context.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Appadurai, A.
    (1990) Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy. Theory, Culture & Society, 7(2–3), 295–310. 10.1177/026327690007002017
    https://doi.org/10.1177/026327690007002017 [Google Scholar]
  2. Aronin, L., & Ó Laoire, M.
    (2013) The material culture of multilingualism: moving beyond the linguistic landscape. International Journal of Multilingualism, 10(3), 225–235. 10.1080/14790718.2012.679734
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2012.679734 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bell, D. S.
    (2003) Mythscapes: memory, mythology, and national identity. The British Journal of Sociology, 54(1), 63–81. 10.1080/0007131032000045905
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0007131032000045905 [Google Scholar]
  4. Ben-Rafael, E., Shohamy, E., Hasan Amara, M., & Trumper-Hecht, N.
    (2006) Linguistic landscape as symbolic construction of the public space: The case of Israel. International Journal of Multilingualism, 3(1), 7–30. 10.1080/14790710608668383
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790710608668383 [Google Scholar]
  5. Boivin, N.
    (2015) Peripheral ritualized practices – threads connecting decorations to the cloak of identity. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 44(1), 44–63. 10.1080/17475759.2014.1003391
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17475759.2014.1003391 [Google Scholar]
  6. (2016) Multiliteracies of transnational and immigrant pre-teens: Meditating intercultural meaning. Journal of Intercultural communIcatIon research, 45(6), 470–486. 10.1080/17475759.2016.1226932
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17475759.2016.1226932 [Google Scholar]
  7. Boivin
    Boivin (2020) Linguistic Landscape Journal (forthcoming)
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Canagarajah, S.
    (2013) Theorizing a competence for translingual practice at the contact zone. InThe Multilingual Turn (pp.88–112). Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (2018) The unit and focus of analysis in lingua franca English interactions: in search of a method. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 21(7), 805–824. 10.1080/13670050.2018.1474850
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2018.1474850 [Google Scholar]
  10. Edwards, S.
    (2009) Ghurkhas in Blandford (Equality Report). Dorset: Dorset Race Equality Council.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ginsberg, R.
    (1999) ‘Mediations on Homelessness and Being at Home: In the form of a Dialogue’, inAbbarno, G. J. M. (ed.), The Ethics of Homelessness (Vol.86), Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Goffman, E.
    (1981) Forms of talk. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Golay, B.
    (2006) Rethinking Ghurkha identity: Outside the imperium of discourses, hegemony, and history. Peace and Democracy in South Asia, 2, 23–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hall, S.
    (2014) Cultural identity and diaspora. InDiaspora and visual culture (pp.35–47). Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Haller, W., & Landolt, P.
    (2005) The transnational dimensions of identity formation: Adult children of immigrants in Miami. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(6), 1182–1214. 10.1080/01419870500224554
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870500224554 [Google Scholar]
  16. Harvey, D.
    (1989) The Condition of Postmodernity. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Heyman, J. M., & Campbell, H.
    (2009) The anthropology of global flows: A critical reading of Appadurai’s Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy’. Anthropological Theory, 9(2), 131–148. 10.1177/1463499609105474
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1463499609105474 [Google Scholar]
  18. Hussain, Y., & Bagguley, P.
    (2005) Citizenship, ethnicity and identity: British Pakistanis after the 2001 ‘riots’. Sociology, 39(3), 407–425. 10.1177/0038038505052493
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038505052493 [Google Scholar]
  19. Jaworski, A., & Thurlow, C.
    (2010) Introducing semiotic landscapes. Semiotic landscapes: Language, Image, Space, 1–40.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Jensen, L. A., Arnett, J. J., & McKenzie, J.
    (2011) Globalization and cultural identity. InHandbook of identity theory and research (pp.285–301). Springer, New York, NY. 10.1007/978‑1‑4419‑7988‑9_13
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7988-9_13 [Google Scholar]
  21. Kearney, M. C.
    (2007) Productive spaces: Girls’ bedrooms as sites of cultural production. Journal of children and media, 1(2), 126–141. 10.1080/17482790701339126
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17482790701339126 [Google Scholar]
  22. Kress, G., & Van Leeuwen, T. V.
    (2001) Multimodal discourse: The modes and media of contemporary communication. London: University Oxford Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Laksamba, C. K., Adhikari, K. P., Dhakal, L. P., & Gellner, D.
    (2013) British Gurkha Pension Policies and ex-Gurkha Campaigns: A Review. Centre for Nepal Studies UK (CNSUK).
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lanza, E. & Woldemariam, H.
    (2008) ‘Language ideology and linguistic landscape: Language policy and globalization in a regional capital in Ethiopia’, inE. Shohamy and D. Gorter (eds), Linguistic Landscapes: Expanding the Scenery. New York: Routledge, pp.189–205.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Mallett, S.
    (2004) Understanding home: a critical review of the literature. The Sociological Review, 52(1), 62–89. 10.1111/j.1467‑954X.2004.00442.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.2004.00442.x [Google Scholar]
  26. Marshall, D. A.
    (2002) Behavior, belonging, and belief: A theory of ritual practice. Sociological Theory, 20(3), 360–380. 10.1111/1467‑9558.00168
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9558.00168 [Google Scholar]
  27. Naidu, M.
    (2014) Transnationalised Memories among Migrants: How ‘Indigenous’ Food can Bring Home Closer. The Anthropologist, 17(2), pp.333–340. 10.1080/09720073.2014.11891442
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09720073.2014.11891442 [Google Scholar]
  28. Pennycook, A., & Otsuji, E.
    (2015) Making scents of the landscape. Linguistic Landscape, 1(3), 191–212. 10.1075/ll.1.3.01pen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ll.1.3.01pen [Google Scholar]
  29. Pennycook, A.
    (2017) Translanguaging and semiotic assemblages. International Journal of Multilingualism, 14(3), 269–282. 10.1080/14790718.2017.1315810
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2017.1315810 [Google Scholar]
  30. Pink, S.
    (2011) Multimodality, multisensoriality and ethnographic knowing: Social semiotics and the phenomenology of perception. Qualitative research, 11(3), 261–276. 10.1177/1468794111399835
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794111399835 [Google Scholar]
  31. Serpe, R. T.
    (1987) Stability and change in self: A structural symbolic interactionist explanation. Social Psychology Quarterly. 10.2307/2786889
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2786889 [Google Scholar]
  32. Shohamy, E., & Gorter, D.
    (Eds.) (2008) Linguistic landscape: Expanding the scenery. Routledge. 10.4324/9780203930960
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203930960 [Google Scholar]
  33. Shohamy, E.
    (2015) LL research as expanding language and language policy. Linguistic Landscape, 1(1), 152–171. 10.1075/ll.1.1‑2.09sho
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ll.1.1-2.09sho [Google Scholar]
  34. Tompkins, J.
    (2001) ‘Homescapes’ and identity reformations in Australian multicultural drama. Theatre Research International, 26(1), 47–59. 10.1017/S0307883301000050
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0307883301000050 [Google Scholar]
  35. Vedder, P., & Phinney, J. S.
    (2014) Identity formation in bicultural youth: A developmental perspective. InVeronica Benet-Martinez and Ying-yi Hong (Eds.). The Oxford handbook of multicultural identity (335–354). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Willis, D. B.
    (1992) Transnational culture and the role of language: an international school and its community. The Journal of General Education, 73–95.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error