1887
Volume 47, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper investigates the functions of the reflexive pronoun 5321/21 in Tujia, a Tibeto-Burman (TB) language. Apart from being used as a verb object, the reflexive pronoun in Tujia can be used as an intensifier, indicating “self, non-other”, but it can also be used to create “passive” or “causative” meaning. It is argued that both meanings created by the reflexive pronoun can be accounted for under a decomposition approach. Verbal reflexives isomorphic with anti-causative or passive morphemes have been reported for European languages, while a reflexive pronoun with causative meaning is quite rare. The present paper therefore contributes not only to the typology in this area but also to the expression of causative and passive in Tibeto-Burman languages.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.00020.man
2024-05-17
2024-06-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bradley, David
    1995 Reflexives in Burmese. InDavid Bradley (ed.), Studies in Burmese languages (Pacific Linguistics A-83), 139–43. Canberra: Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brassett, Cecilia, Philip R. Brassett & Meiyan Lu
    2006The Tujia language. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Burzio, Luigi
    1991 The morphological basis of anaphora. Journal of Linguistics27(1). 81–105. 10.1017/S0022226700012421
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226700012421 [Google Scholar]
  4. 1996a Anaphora and soft constraints. InPilar Barbosa (eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Optimality in Syntax “Is the Best Good Enough?” (Special Issue, MIT Working Papers in Linguistics), 93–113. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 1996b The role of the antecedent in anaphoric relations. InRobert Freidin (ed.), Current issues in comparative grammar, 1–45. Dordrecht: Springer. 10.1007/978‑94‑009‑0135‑3_1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-0135-3_1 [Google Scholar]
  6. Comrie, Bernard
    1985 Causative verb formation and other verb-deriving morphology. InTimothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description. v.3 Grammatical categories and the lexicon, 309–48. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Everaert, Martin
    1986The syntax of reflexivization. Dordrecht: Foris. 10.1515/9783110250510
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110250510 [Google Scholar]
  8. Faltz, Leonard M.
    1985Reflexivization: A study in universal syntax. New York: Garland.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Geniušienė, Emma Š.
    1987The typology of reflexives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110859119
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110859119 [Google Scholar]
  10. Haspelmath, Martin
    1990 The grammaticization of passive morphology. Studies in Language14(1). 25–72. 10.1075/sl.14.1.03has
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.14.1.03has [Google Scholar]
  11. Heine, Bernd & Tania Kuteva
    2002World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511613463
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613463 [Google Scholar]
  12. Keenan, Edward L. & Matthew S. Dryer
    2007 Passive in the world’s languages. InTimothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description. v.1 Clause structure, 2nd edn., 325–361. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511619427.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511619427.006 [Google Scholar]
  13. König, Ekkehard
    1991The meaning of focus particles: A comparative perspective. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2001 Intensifiers and reflexive pronouns. InMartin Haspelmath, Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher & Wolfgang Raible (eds.), Language typology and language universals, 747–760. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. König, Ekkehard & Volker Gast
    2002 Reflexive pronouns and other uses of self-forms in English. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik50(3). 1–14.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kuteva, Tania, Bernd Heine, Bo Hong, Long Haiping, Heiko Narrog & Seongha Rhee
    2019World lexicon of grammaticalization, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316479704
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316479704 [Google Scholar]
  17. Lakoff, Robin
    1971 Passive resistance. Chicago Linguistic Society71. 149–163.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Lehmann, Christian
    1982 Thoughts on grammaticalization. A programmatic sketch. Vol. 1. AKUP: Arbeiten des Kölner Universalien-Projekts481. 1–186.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lu, Man, Yu Ma & Jeroen van de Weijer
    2023 The serial verb construction in Tujia. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area46(1). 72–94. 10.1075/ltba.22009.lu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.22009.lu [Google Scholar]
  20. Lu, Man, Jeroen van de Weijer, Chris Sinha & Liu Zhengguang
    2019 Optional ergative marking in Tujia. Lingua2231. 46–66. 10.1016/j.lingua.2019.02.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2019.02.011 [Google Scholar]
  21. Lu Man 鲁曼, Yi Zhen 易振 & Ma Yu 马瑜
    2024 土家语被动句标记再认识–兼论藏缅语被动义策略Tujiayu beidongju biaoji zai renshi, jian lun Zangmianyu beidong yi celue [A discussion of passive markers in Tujia: with an eye on passive in Tibeto-Burman languages], 当代语言学Dandai Yuyanxue [Contemporary Linguistics] 26(2).
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lu Meiyan 鲁美艳
    2016 土家语的被动句及其语胡化过程Tujiayude beidongju jiqi yufahua guocheng [Passive voice sentence and its grammaticalization process in Tujia language]. 中央民族大学学报 (哲学社会科学版)Zhongyang Minzu Daxue Xuebao (Zhexue Shehui Kexueban) [Journal of Minzu University of China (Philosophy and Social Sciences)] 43(3). 129–134.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Matisoff, James A.
    1976 Lahu causative constructions: Case hierarchies and the morphology/syntax cycle in a Tibeto-Burman perspective. InMasayoshi Shibatani (ed.), The grammar of causative constructions (Syntax and Semantics 6), 413–442. New York: Academic Press. 10.1163/9789004368842_017
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004368842_017 [Google Scholar]
  24. Peng Xiumo 彭秀模 & Ye Deshu 叶德书
    1981 语言概况Yuyan gaikuang [Language sketch]. 吉首大学学报Jishou Daxue Xuebao [Bulletin of Jishou University] 21. 29–60.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Pica, Pierre
    1991 On the interaction between antecedent-government and binding: the case of long-distance reflexivization. InJan Koster & Eric Reuland (eds.), Long-distance anaphora, 119–36. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511627835.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511627835.006 [Google Scholar]
  26. Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech & Jan Svartvik
    1985A comprehensive grammar of the English language. Harlow: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Reinhart, Tanya & Eric Reuland
    1993 Reflexivity. Linguistic Inquiry24(4). 657–720.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Shibatani, Masayoshi
    1985 Passives and related constructions: A prototype analysis. Language61.4. 821–848. 10.2307/414491
    https://doi.org/10.2307/414491 [Google Scholar]
  29. Sun Hongkai 孙宏开
    1993 试伦藏缅语中的反射代词Shilun Zang-Mianyuzhongde beidong daici [An elementary view of reflexive pronouns of Tibeto-Burman languages]. 民族语文Minzu Yuwen [Minority languages of China] 61, 19–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Tian Desheng 田德生, He Tianzhen 何天贞, Chen Kang 陈康, Li Jingzhong 李敬忠, Xie Zhimin 谢志民 & Peng Xiumo 彭秀模
    1986土家语简直Tujiayu gaikuang [Outline of the Tujia language]. Beijing: Nationalities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Xu, Shixuan, Lu Meiyan & Hu Hongyan
    2017 Tujia. InGraham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds.), Sino-Tibetan languages, 2nd edn., 974–992. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Zhang Weichuan 张伟权
    2011 土家语与汉语被动句之比较Tujiayu yu Hanyu beidongju zhibijiao [A comparative study of the passive sentences in Tujia language and Chinese]. 湖北民族大学学(哲学社会科学版)Hubei Minzu Daxue Xuebao (Zhexue Shehui Kexueban) [Journal of Hubei Minzu University (Philosophy and Social Sciences)] 29(2). 6–8.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.00020.man
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.00020.man
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): causative; passive; reflexive pronoun; Tibeto-Burman; Tujia
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error