1887
Volume 43, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Based on argument indexation properties, this paper offers a model of four verb classes for Geshiza and Stau, two closely related and endangered Horpa lects spoken in Sichuan. Despite increased awareness and interest in Horpa, no exhaustive classification of verbs from the viewpoint of argument indexation has been offered. Even though argument indexation itself has been discussed in previous scholarship, the striking diversity of argument indexation patterns has not been addressed. It is shown that both Geshiza and Stau, the two lects chosen as the sample for this study, share the same verb classes, even though the class assignment of individual cognate verbs occasionally varies. The paper also describes how semantic and animacy features inherent in verbs, most prominently compatibility with human S and P arguments resulting in compatibility with speech act participants, play a crucial role in verb class assignment. Establishing a framework for Horpa verb classes helps in the ongoing descriptive work of these languages. In addition, it offers new material for typological studies of argument indexation.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.19013.hon
2021-01-04
2021-10-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Boro, Krishna
    2019 Argument indexation in Hakhun Tangsa. Himalayan Linguistics18(1): 180–201. 10.5070/H918142556
    https://doi.org/10.5070/H918142556 [Google Scholar]
  2. DeLancey, Scott
    2017 Hierarchical and accusative alignment of verbal person marking in Trans-Himalayan. Journal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics4(1): 85–105. 10.1515/jsall‑2017‑0003
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jsall-2017-0003 [Google Scholar]
  3. Duo’erji
    Duo’erji 1997 Daofuyu Geshizahua Yanjiu [A study of Geshiza variety of the Daofu language]. Beijing: China Tibet Studies Press.
  4. Gates, Jesse P.
    2017 Verbal triplication morphology in Stau (Mazi dialect). Transactions of the Philological Society115(1): 14–26. 10.1111/1467‑968X.12083
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-968X.12083 [Google Scholar]
  5. Gates, Jesse P. & 'ja' dpal.
    manuscript. Argument indexation in Stau from a cross-dialectal perspective. https://www.academia.edu/35252736/
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gates, Jesse P. & Kim Won Ho
    2018 Vowel harmony in Stau. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area41(2): 263–293. 10.1075/ltba.17016.gat
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.17016.gat [Google Scholar]
  7. Gao, Yang
    2015 Description de la langue menya: phonologie et syntaxe. Paris: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales PhD dissertation.
  8. Gong, Xun
    2014 The personal agreement system of Zbu Rgyalrong (Ngyaltsu variety). Transactions of the Philological Society112(1): 44–60. 10.1111/1467‑968X.12007
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-968X.12007 [Google Scholar]
  9. Haspelmath, Martin
    2005 Argument marking in ditransitive alignment types. Linguistic Discovery3(1): 1–21. 10.1349/PS1.1537‑0852.A.280
    https://doi.org/10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.280 [Google Scholar]
  10. Honkasalo, Sami
    2019 A grammar of Geshiza: A culturally anchored description. Helsinki: University of Helsinki PhD dissertation.
  11. Jacques, Guillaume
    2010 The inverse in Japhug Rgyalrong. Language and Linguistics11(1): 127–157.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Jacques, Guillaume & Anton Antonov
    2014 Direct/inverse systems. Language and Linguistics Compass8(7): 301–318. 10.1111/lnc3.12079
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lnc3.12079 [Google Scholar]
  13. 2018 The direction(s) of analogical change in direct/inverse systems. In Sonia Cristofaro & Fernando Zúñiga (eds.), Typological hierarchies in synchrony and diachrony, 257–288. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.121.07jac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.121.07jac [Google Scholar]
  14. Jacques, Guillaume , Anton Antonov , Lai Yunfan & Lobsang Nima
    2014 Person marking in Stau. Himalayan Linguistics13(1): 82–92.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2017 Stau (Ergong, Horpa). In Graham Thurgood & Randy LaPolla (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan languages (2nd edition), 597–613. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Konnerth, Linda Anna
    2016 The Proto-Tibeto-Burman *gV- nominalizing prefix. LTBA9(1): 3–32. 10.1075/ltba.39.1.01kon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.39.1.01kon [Google Scholar]
  17. La, Yunfan
    2015 The person agreement system of Wobzi Lavrung (Rgyalrongic, Tibeto-Burman). Transactions of the Philological Society113(3): 271–285. 10.1111/1467‑968X.12051
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-968X.12051 [Google Scholar]
  18. Lai, Yunfan
    2017 Grammaire du khroskyabs de Wobzi. Paris: Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 PhD dissertation.
  19. Shirai, Satoko
    2014 Reduplication and nominalization in Tibeto-Burman. Papers from the Second International Conference on Asian Geolinguistics, 24–25 May 2014, Bangkok, Thailand, 105–115.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Siewierska, Anna
    1998 On nominal and verbal person marking. Linguistic Typology2(1): 1–56. 10.1515/lity.1998.2.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/lity.1998.2.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  21. 2013 Alignment of verbal person marking. In Matthew Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. wals.info/chapter/100
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Sun, Jackson T.-S.
    2000 Stem alternations in Puxi verb inflection: Toward validating the Gyalrongic subgroup in Qiangic. Language and Linguistics1(2): 211–232.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2015 Heshui xian Sashiduo jiarongyu dongci rencheng fanchou de tedian [Remarkable features in the verb agreement system of Sastod Rgyalrong in Khrochu County]. Language and Linguistics16(5): 731–749.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2019 The ancestry of Horpa: Further morphological evidence. Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series29: 24–43.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sun, Jackson T.-S. & Shi Danluo
    2002 Caodeng jiarongyu rentong tengdi xiangguan de yufa xianxiang [Empathy hierarchy in Caodeng rGyalrong grammar]. Language and Linguistics3(1): 79–99.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sun, Jackson T.-S. & Tian Qianzi
    2013 Huo’eryu Gexihua Dongci Duixie [Verb agreement in Gexi Horpa]. Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics7(2): 221–241.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Tunzhi (Sonam Lhundrop)
    Tunzhi (Sonam Lhundrop) 2017 Language vitality and glottonyms in the Ethnic Corridor: The Stau language. International Journal of the Sociology of Language245: 147–168.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Vanderveen, Chantel
    2015 A phonology of Stau. Langley, Canada: Trinity Western University MA thesis.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.19013.hon
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.19013.hon
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): argument indexation; Geshiza; Horpa; Stau; verb agreement
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error