Volume 45, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
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Hmongic languages exhibit a single nasal coda - corresponding to three codas in Mienic: -, -, which suggests that Hmongic languages have lost place distinctions in nasal codas. However, in some words, Hmongic syllables with a nasal coda - correspond to Mienic syllables with no nasal coda, which has been recognized as posing a problem in reconstructing Proto-Hmong-Mien. This paper provides an explanation for this exceptional correspondence by hypothesizing a phonological change in Proto-Hmongic and in later stages whereby nasality transfers from a syllable-initial nasal to a tautosyllabic coda. This paper also explores the Proto-Hmongic rime categories to which the relevant words would be expected to belong if the nasal transfer did not apply.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Hmong-Mien; nasal coda; nasal transfer
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