1887
Volume 47, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Rma (also called Qiang) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Northwestern Sichuan, China. In the literature on Rma, all documented varieties of Rma have been reported to have a three-way voice onset timing (VOT) distinction between voiceless unaspirated, voiceless aspirated, and voiced unaspirated obstruents. This study reports a variety of Rma, which has a near merger of the voiceless unaspirated and voiced unaspirated stops. A pilot study was conducted with speakers from three different villages within Yonghe valley. The results of this empirical study suggest that the Lower Yonghe valley variety has innovated a near merger between voiced and voiceless unaspirated obstruents.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.23008.sim
2024-05-17
2024-06-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abramson, Arthur S. & Douglas H. Whalen
    2017 Voice Onset Time (VOT) at 50: Theoretical and practical issues in measuring voicing distinctions. Journal of Phonetics631. 75–86. 10.1016/j.wocn.2017.05.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2017.05.002 [Google Scholar]
  2. Boersma, Paul & David Weenink
    2013 Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 5.3.51. 〈www.praat.org〉, accessed2 June 2013.
  3. Chang, Kun
    1967 A comparative study of the Southern Ch’iang dialects. Monumenta SericaXXVI1. 422–443. 10.1080/02549948.1967.11744974
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02549948.1967.11744974 [Google Scholar]
  4. Evans, Jonathan P.
    2001Introduction to Qiang phonology and lexicon: Synchrony and diachrony. Tokyo: ILCAA, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 2006 Vowel quality in Hongyan Qiang. Language and Linguistics7(4). 731–754.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gong, Hwang-cherng
    2003 Tangut. InGraham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds.), The Sino-Tibetan Languages, 1st ed., 602–620. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gong, Xun
    2018 Le rgyalrong zbu, une langue tibéto-birmane de Chine du Sud-ouest : une étude descriptive, typologique et comparative. Paris: Institut National des Langues et Civilisations OrientalesPhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gong Xun
    2020 Uvulars and uvularization in Tangut phonology. Language and Linguistics. 21(2). 175–212.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 2022 Nasal preinitials in Tangut phonology. Archiv Orientální89(3). 443–482. 10.47979/aror.j.89.3.443‑482
    https://doi.org/10.47979/aror.j.89.3.443-482 [Google Scholar]
  10. Gordon, Matthew K.
    2016Phonological typology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669004.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669004.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  11. Gradoville, Michael S., Earl Kjar Brown & Richard J. File-Muriel
    2022 The phonetics of sociophonetics: Validating acoustic approaches to Spanish /s/. Journal of Phonetics911. 101125. 10.1016/j.wocn.2021.101125
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2021.101125 [Google Scholar]
  12. Hickey, Raymond
    1996 Sound change and typological shift: Initial mutation in Celtic. InJacek Fisiak (ed.), Linguistic typology and reconstruction, 133–182. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110816501.133
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110816501.133 [Google Scholar]
  13. Huang Bufan 黄布凡 and Facheng Zhou 周发成
    2006羌语研究Qiangyu yanjiu [Studies in Qiang]. Chengdu: Sichuan People’s Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Huang Chenglong 黄成龙
    2007蒲溪羌语研究Puxi Qiangyu yanjiu [Studies in Puxi Qiang]. Beijing: Nationalities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Huang Chenglong 黄成龙, Wang Baofeng 王保锋, Mao Mingjun 毛明军 and Zhang Xi 张曦
    2019四川松潘羌语Sichuan Songpan Qiangyu. [Sichuan Songpan Qiang language]. Beijing: Commercial Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jacques, Guillaume
    2011 A panchronic study of aspirated fricatives, with new evidence from Pumi. Lingua121(9). 1518–1538. 10.1016/j.lingua.2011.04.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2011.04.003 [Google Scholar]
  17. 2014Esquisse de phonologie et de morphologie historique du tangoute. Leiden: Brill. 10.1163/9789004264854
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004264854 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2015Dictionnaire Japhug-Chinois-Français, version 1.0. Paris: Projet HimalCo. 〈himalco.huma-num.fr/〉.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Lai Yunfan, Gong Xun, Jesse P. Gates, & Guillaume Jacques
    2021 Tangut as a West Gyalrongic language. Folia Linguistica54(s41–s1). 171–203. 10.1515/flih‑2020‑0006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flih-2020-0006 [Google Scholar]
  20. LaPolla, Randy & Huang Chenglong
    2003A Grammar of Qiang. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110197273
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110197273 [Google Scholar]
  21. Li Fanwen 李範文
    1997夏汉字典Xia Han zidian [A Tangut-Chinese dictionary]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lisker, Leigh & Arthur Abramson
    1964 Across-language study of voicing in initial stops: Acoustical measurements. Word20(3). 384–422. 10.1080/00437956.1964.11659830
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00437956.1964.11659830 [Google Scholar]
  23. Liu Huiqiang 刘辉强
    1985 羌语木苏话音溪音Qiangyu Musuhua Yinxi [Musu Qiang phonology]. Qiang Studies110–118.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Ma Huiqun 麻慧群
    2008 木卡羌语研究Muka Qiangyu yanjiu [Studies in Muka Qiang]. MA thesis, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Port, Robert F. & Michael L. O’Dell
    1985 Neutralization of syllable-final voicing in German. Journal of Phonetics13(4). 455–471. 10.1016/S0095‑4470(19)30797‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0095-4470(19)30797-1 [Google Scholar]
  26. R Core Team
    R Core Team 2022 R: A language and environment for statistical computing. 〈https://www.R-project.org/〉.
  27. Sims, Nathaniel A.
    2014 A phonology and lexicon of the Yonghe variety of Qiang. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area37(1). 34–74. 10.1075/ltba.37.1.02sim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.37.1.02sim [Google Scholar]
  28. Sun Hongkai 孙宏开
    1981羌语简直Qiangyu jianzhi [Brief description of the Qiang language]. Beijing: Nationalities Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sun, Jackson T.-S. & Jonathan P. Evans
    2016 Qiāng Language. InRint Sybesma (eds.), Encyclopedia of Chinese language and linguistics, v.III1, 515–526. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Wang Baofeng 王保锋
    2017 萝卜寨羌语研究Luobozhai Qiangyu Yanjiu [Studies in Luobozhai Qiang]. Minzu: Minzu University of ChinaPhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Wen, Maotao
    2014 The Creation of the Qiang Ethnicity, its Relation to the Rme People, and the Preservation of the Rme language. Durham: Duke UniversityMA thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.23008.sim
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.23008.sim
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Qiang; Rma; Voice onset time
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error