1887
Volume 39, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Matisoff (2003) reconstructs an “adjectival prefix” *gV-, based on work by Wolfenden (1929). As a result of surveying grammatical descriptions of more than 90 Tibeto-Burman languages, the present study provides evidence to reconstruct Matisoff’s adjectival prefix as a nominalizer whose functional range includes (but is not limited to) the adjectival marking. Evidence for the prefix is found in three major genetic subdivisions. Within Bradley’s (2002) Western branch, Baram (Newaric) has a particularly versatile nominalizer , and Eastern Kiranti languages have *gV-…-pa nominalizing circumfixes. In Bradley’s Eastern branch, rGyalrongic languages have velar prefixes that function as the main nominalizers. Further, in DeLancey’s (2015) Central branch of Trans-Himalayan (Sino-Tibetan), we find reflexes of *gV- in many languages, most notably the versatile nominalizer in Lamkang (Northwest Kuki-Chin). Other languages of the India-Myanmar border with unresolved phylogenetic status within Tibeto-Burman also have reflexes of *gV-, most prominently Karbi and Tangkhul (Konnerth 2012).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.39.1.01kon
2016-06-27
2019-12-09
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Arokianathan, S
    1987Tangkhul Naga Grammar. Mysore, India: Central Institute of Indian Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baxter, William H. & Sagart, Laurent
    2014Old Chinese: A New Reconstruction. Oxford: OUP. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945375.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945375.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  3. Benedict, Paul K
    1972Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus. Cambridge: CUP. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511753541
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511753541 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bickel, Balthasar
    1999 Nominalization and focus constructions in some Kiranti languages. InTopics in Nepalese Linguistics, Yogendra P. Yadava & Warren W. Glover (eds), 271–96. Kathmandu: Royal Nepal Academy.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 2003 Belhare. InThe Sino-Tibetan Languages, Graham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds), 546–570. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bradley, David
    2002 The subgrouping of Tibeto-Burman. InMedieval Tibeto-Burman Languages, Vol.1, Christian I. Beckwith (ed.), 73–112. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Burling, Robbins
    1983 The Sal languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area7(2): 1–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2004The Language of the Modhupur Mandi (Garo), Vol. 1. New Delhi: Bibliophile South Asia.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chafe, Wallace L
    1970Meaning and the Structure of Language. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Chang, Imlong
    1956Chang Naga Dialect and English Equivalents. Mokokchung: Sri Imlong Chang.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Das Gupta, Kamalesh
    1971An Introduction to the Nocte Language. Shillong: North-East Frontier Agency.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 1977A Phrase Book in Miju. Shillong: The Director of Information and Public Relations, NEFA.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 1980The Tangsa Language: A Synopsis. Shillong: North-East Frontier Agency.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. DeLancey, Scott
    2015. Adjectival constructions in Bodo and Tibeto-Burman. InLanguage and Culture in Northeast India and beyond: In Honour of Robbins Burling, Mark Post , Stephen Morey & Scott DeLancey (eds), 41–56. Canberra, Australian National University: Pacific Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 1994 Grammaticalization and linguistic theory. In Proceedings of the 1993 Mid-America Linguistics Conference and Conference on Siouan/Caddoan Languages , 1–22. Boulder CO: Department of Linguistics, University of Colorado.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 2002 Relativization and nominalization in Bodic. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 28, 55–72. Berkeley CA: BLS.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 2011 Finite structures from clausal nominalization in Tibeto-Burman. InNominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives [Typological Studies in Language 96], Foong Ha Yap , Karen Grunow-Hårsta & Janick Wrona (eds), 343–59. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.96.12del
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.96.12del [Google Scholar]
  18. 2015 Morphological evidence for a central branch of Trans-Himalayan (Sino-Tibetan). Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale44(2): 122–149. doi: 10.1163/19606028‑00442p02
    https://doi.org/10.1163/19606028-00442p02 [Google Scholar]
  19. van Driem, George
    1987A Grammar of Limbu [Mouton Grammar Library 4]. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110846812
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110846812 [Google Scholar]
  20. 1993A Grammar of Dumi. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110880915
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110880915 [Google Scholar]
  21. Ebert, Karen H
    1997aA Grammar of Athpare. Munich: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 1997bCamling (Chamling). Munich: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2003 Kiranti languages: An overview. InThe Sino-Tibetan Languages, Graham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds), 505–17. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Evans, Nicholas
    2007 Insubordination and its uses. InFiniteness: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations, Irina Nikolaeva (ed.), 366–431. Oxford: OUP.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Genetti, Carol
    2011 Nominalization in Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayan area. InNominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives [Typological Studies in Language 96], Foong Ha Yap , Karen Grunow-Hårsta & Janick Wrona (eds), 163–94. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.96.06gen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.96.06gen [Google Scholar]
  26. Genetti, Carol , Bartee, Ellen , Coupe, Alec , Hildebrandt, Kristine & Lin, You-Jing
    2008 Syntactic aspects of nominalization in five Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayan area. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area31(2): 97–143.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hanson, Ola
    1917A Hand-Book of the Kachin or Jinghpaw Language. Rangoon: American Baptist Mission Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Hartmann, Helga
    2001a Function of Naak/na in Daai Chin with examples from other Chin languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area24(2): 143–56.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. 2001b Prenasalization and preglottalization in Daai Chin, with parallel examples from Mro and Mara. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area24(2): 123–142.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Herring, Susan C
    1991 Nominalization, relativization, and attribution in Lotha, Angami, and Burmese. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area14(1): 55–72.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Hutton, John Henry
    1987Chang Language: Grammar and Vocabulary of the Language of the Chang Naga Tribe, Satkari Mukhopadhyay (ed.). New Delhi: Gian Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Jacques, Guillaume
    . Under review. Generic person marking in Japhug and other Rgyalrong languages. https://www.academia.edu/8418290/Generic_person_marking_in_Japhug_and_other_Rgyalrong_languages
  33. 2014a Clause linking in Japhug. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area37(2): 264–328. doi: 10.1075/ltba.37.2.05jac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.37.2.05jac [Google Scholar]
  34. 2014b Denominal affixes as sources of antipassive markers in Japhug Rgyalrong. Lingua138: 1–22. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2013.09.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2013.09.011 [Google Scholar]
  35. 2014c On Coblin’s law. InStudies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics, Richard VanNess Simmons & Newell Ann Van Auken (eds), 155–65. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Jacques, Guillaume , Lai, Yunfan , Antonov, Anton & Nima, Lobsang
    2015 Stau (Ergong, Horpa). Ms (Version of October 21, 2015). https://www.academia.edu/12321947/Sketch_of_Stau
  37. Jacquesson, François
    2005Le Deuri, Langue Tibéto-Birmane d’Assam. Leuven: Peeters.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Joseph, U.V. & Robbins, Burling
    2006The Comparative Phonology of the Boro-Garo Languages. Manasagangotri, Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Kansakar, Tej R. , Yadava, Yogendra P. , Prasad Chalise, Krishna , Prasain, Balaram , Dhakal, Dubi Nanda & Paudel, . Krishna
    2011A Grammar of Baram. Linguistic and Ethnographic Documentatation of the Baram Language, Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Konnerth, Linda
    2009 The nominalizing prefix *gV- in Tibeto-Burman. MA thesis, Eugene, University of Oregon.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 2012 The nominalizing velar prefix *gV- in Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India. InNorth East Indian Linguistics, Vol. 4, Gwendolyn Hyslop , Stephen Morey & Mark W. Post (eds). New Delhi: Foundation / Cambridge University Press India.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. 2014 A Grammar of Karbi. PhD dissertation, University of Oregon at Eugene.
  43. Konow, Sten
    1902 Zur Kenntnis der Kuki-Chinsprachen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft56: 486–517.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Kuolie, D
    2006Structural Description of Tenyidie: A Tibeto-Burman Language of Nagaland. Kohima, Nagaland: Ura Academy Publication Division.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. LaPolla, Randy J
    2003 Dulong. InThe Sino-Tibetan Languages, Graham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds), 674–82. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. 2008 Nominalization in Rawang. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area31(2): 45–65.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Matisoff, James A
    1972 Lahu nominalization, relativization, and genitivization. InSyntax and Semantics, Vol.1, John Kimball (ed.), 237–257. New York NY: Seminar Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. 2003Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Mortensen, David
    2003 Comparative Tangkhul. Ms, University of California at Berkeley.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Nagano, Yasuhiko
    1984A Historical Study of the rGyarong Verb System. Tokyo: Seishido.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. 2003 Cogtse Gyarong. InThe Sino-Tibetan Languages, Graham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds), 469–89. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Ngemu, T
    1977Moklum Language Guide. Jorhat: Janambhumi Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Noonan, Michael
    1997 Versatile nominalizations. InEssays on Language Function and Language Type. In Honor of T. Givón, Joan Bybee , John Haiman & Sandra A. Thompson (eds), 373–94. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.82.21noo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.82.21noo [Google Scholar]
  54. Pai, Pushpa
    1976Kokborok Grammar. Mysore, India: Central Institute of Indian Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Post, Mark W
    2011 Nominalization and nominalization-based constructions in Galo. InNominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives [Typological Studies in Language 96], Foong Ha Yap , Karen Grunow-Hårsta & Janick Wrona (eds), 255–287. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.96.09pos
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.96.09pos [Google Scholar]
  56. Sagart, Laurent
    1999The Roots of Old Chinese [Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science 184]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.184
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.184 [Google Scholar]
  57. Shafer, Robert
    1966Introduction to Sino-Tibetan. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Singh, Chunghkham Yashawanta
    2002Tarao Grammar. New Delhi: Akansha Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. So-Hartmann, Helga
    2008 Nominalization and relativization in Mro. Paper presented at the ICSTLL 41 , London.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 2009A Descriptive Grammar of Daai Chin [STEDT Monograph Series 7]. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Stack, Edward & Lyall, Sir Charles
    1908The Mikirs. London: David Nutt.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Sun, Jackson T.-S
    2003 Caodeng rGyalrong. InThe Sino-Tibetan Languages, Graham Thurgood & Randy J. LaPolla (eds), 490–502. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. 2012 Complementation in Caodeng rGyalrong. Language and Linguistics13(3): 471–498.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. 2014 Typology of generic-person marking in Tshobdun Rgyalrong. InStudies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Dialect, Phonology, Transcription and Text [Language and Linguistics Monograph Series 53]. Richard VanNess Simmons & Newell Ann Van Auken (eds), 225–48. Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Thounaojam, Harimohon & Chelliah, Shobhana L
    2007 The Lamkang language: Grammatical sketch, texts and lexicon. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area30(1): 1–212.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Wolfenden, Stuart Norris
    1929Outlines of Tibeto-Burman Linguistic Morphology. London: Royal Asiatic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Yap, Foong Ha , Grunow-Hårsta, Karen & Wrona, Janick
    2011 Introduction: Nominalization strategies in Asian languages. InNominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives [Typological Studies in Language 96], 1–57. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.96.01yap
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.96.01yap [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.39.1.01kon
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error