1887
Volume 40, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0731-3500
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5907
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

It is shown how Kiranti languages often express a semantically single clausal negation of a declarative verbal main clause with two clausal negators. We conjecture that the second negator has its origin in a copula and that the reinterpretation and integration of the copula into a negative construction follows the scenario known as a “Jespersen Cycle”.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.40.1.02van
2017-11-03
2019-12-05
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alsenoy, Lauren Van
    2014A New Typology of Indefinite Pronouns, with a Focus on Negative Indefinites. Antwerp: University of Antwerp dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Auwera, Johan van der
    2009 The Jespersen Cycles. In Elly van Gelderen (ed.), Cyclical Change, 35–71. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/la.146.05auw
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.146.05auw [Google Scholar]
  3. Auwera, Johan van der & Annemie Neuckermans
    2004 Jespersen’s Cycle and the Interaction of Predicate and Quantifier Negation in Flemish. In Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Dialectology meets Typology. Dialect Grammar from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective, 454–478. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Auwera, Johan van der & Lauren Van Alsenoy
    2016 On the typology of negative concord. Studies in Language40: 473–512. doi: 10.1075/sl.40.3.01van
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.40.3.01van [Google Scholar]
  5. Banjade, Goma
    2009 Mewahang language: An introduction. Nepalese Linguistics24: 11–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bauman, James
    1975 Pronouns and Pronominal Morphology in Tibeto-Burman. PhD dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
  7. Benedict, Paul K.
    1972Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511753541
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511753541 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bickel, Balthasar
    2003 Belhare. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 546–570.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bickel, Balthasar , Goma Panshade , Martin Gaenszle , Elena Lieven , Netra Prasad Paudyal , Ichchha Purna Rai , Manoj Rai , Novel Kishore Rai & Sabine Stoll
    2007 Free prefix ordering in Chintang. Language83: 43–72. doi: 10.1353/lan.2007.0002
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2007.0002 [Google Scholar]
  10. Borchers, Dörte
    2008A Grammar of Sunwar: Descriptive Grammar, Paradigms, Text and Clossary. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Brinton, Laurel L. & Leslie K. Arnovick
    2011The English Language. A Linguistic History, 2nd edn.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Chelliah, Shobhana L.
    1997A Grammar of Meithei. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110801118
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110801118 [Google Scholar]
  13. Coupe, Alexander R.
    2007A Grammar of Mongsen Ao. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110198522
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110198522 [Google Scholar]
  14. Croft, William
    1991 The evolution of negation. Journal of Linguistics27: 1–27. doi: 10.1017/S0022226700012391
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226700012391 [Google Scholar]
  15. Dahl, Östen
    1979 Typology of sentence negation. Linguistics17: 79–106. doi: 10.1515/ling.1979.17.1‑2.79
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1979.17.1-2.79 [Google Scholar]
  16. Delancey, Scott
    2011 Finite structures from clausal nominalization in Tibeto-Burman. In Foong Ha Yap , Karen Grunow-Härsta & Janick Wrona (eds), Nominalization in Asian Languages. Diachronic and Typological Perspectives, 343–359. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.96.12del
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.96.12del [Google Scholar]
  17. . To appear. The origins of postverbal negation in Kuki-Chin. North-East Indian Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Devos, Maud & Johan van der Auwera
    2013 Jespersen cycles in Bantu: Double and triple negation. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics34: 205–274. doi: 10.1515/jall‑2013‑0008
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jall-2013-0008 [Google Scholar]
  19. Djamba Ndjeka, Robert
    1996Eléments de description du lifunga, langue bantu de la zone C. Bruxelles: Mémoire Université Libre de Bruxelles.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Doornenbal, Marius
    2009A Grammar of Bantawa. Grammar, Paradigm Tables, Glossary and Texts of a Rai Language of Eastern Nepal. Utrecht: Landelijke Onderzoeksschool Taalkunde.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Driem, George van
    1987A Grammar of Limbu. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110846812
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110846812 [Google Scholar]
  22. Driem, Georges van
    1992 Le proto-Kiranti revisité – Morphologie verbale du lohorung, Acta Linguistica Hafniensia24: 33–75. doi: 10.1080/03740463.1992.10412269
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03740463.1992.10412269 [Google Scholar]
  23. Driem, George van
    1993A Grammar of Dumi. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110880915
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110880915 [Google Scholar]
  24. 1995Een eerste grammaticale verkenning van het Bumthang, een taal van midden-Bhutan. Leiden: Centre of Non-Western Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 2001Languages of the Himalayas. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Dryer, Matthew S.
    2008 Word order in Tibeto-Burman languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area3: 1–88.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2013 Order of negative morpheme and verb. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. wals.info/chapter/143 (8 July 2016).
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Early, Robert
    1994a A Grammar of Lewo, Vanuatu. PhD dissertation, The Australian National University, Canberra.
  29. 1994b Lewo. In Peter Kahrel & René van den Berg (eds.) Typological Studies in Negation, 65–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.29.05ear
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.29.05ear [Google Scholar]
  30. Ebert, Karen H.
    1994The Structure of Kiranti Languages, Comparative Grammar and Texts. Zürich: Seminar für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Ebert, Karen
    1997aA Grammar of Athpare. Munich: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 1997bCamling (Chamling). Munich: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Georg, Stefan
    1996Marphatan Thakali, Untersuchungen zur Sprache des Dorfes Marpha im Oberen Kāli-Gaṇḍaki-Tal/Nepal. Munich: Lincom.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Giridhar, Puttushetra Puttuswamy
    1980Angami Grammar. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Hansson, Inga-Lill
    2003 Akha. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 236–251.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Horn, Laurence R.
    1991 Duplex negation affirmat …: The economy of double negation, Papers from the 27th Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Part II: The Parasession on Negation, 80–106. Chicago, IL: Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Jacques, Guillaume
    2016 The life cycle of multiple indexation and bipartite verbs in Trans-Himalayan. Paper presented at aworkshop on Kiranti languages, Paris.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. . In print. A reconstruction of Proto-Kiranti verb roots. Folia Linguistica Historica
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Jacques, Guillaume , Aimée Lahaussois , Boyd Michailovsky & Dhan Bahadur Rai
    2012 An overview of Khaling verbal morphology. Language and linguistics13: 1095–1170.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Jespersen, Otto
    1917Negation in English and Other Languages. København: A. F. Høst and Søn.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Kamba Muzenga, Jean-Georges
    1981Les formes verbales négatives dans les langues bantoues. Tervuren: Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Lahaussois, Aimée
    2009 Koyi Rai: An initial grammatical sketch. Himalayan Linguistics Archive4: 1–33.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. 2013 Irrealis in the Kiranti languages. Paper presented at the3rd Workshop of the Sino-Tibetan languages of Sichuan. Paris.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Lowes, Gwendolyn
    2006 Some comparative notes on Tibeto-Burman copulas. Paper presented at the39th International Conferences on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics. https://depts.washington.edu/icstll39/abstracts/icstll39_lowes_hdt.pdf (1 November 2016).
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Manzini, Maria Rita
    2008 Doubling of clitics and doubling by clitics: The case of negation. In Sjef Barbiers (ed.), Syntax and Semantics36, 69–101. Bingley: Emerald.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Matisoff, James A.
    2003Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Michailovsky, Boyd
    1988La langue hayu. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. 2002Limbu-English Dictionary. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Miestamo, Matti
    2005Standard Negation: The Negation of Declarative Verbal Main Clauses in a Typological Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Nagano, Yasuhiko
    2003 Cogtse Gyarong. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 469–489.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Noonan, Michael
    2003 Chantyal. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 315–335.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. 2003 Nar-Phu. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 336–352.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Opgenort, Jean Robert
    2004A Grammar of Wambule. Grammar, Lexicon, Texts and Cultural Survey of a Kiranti Tribe of Eastern Nepal. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. 2005A Grammar of Jero with a Historical Comparative Study of the Kiranti Languages. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. 2011 A note on Tilung and its position within Kiranti. Himalyan linguistics10.253–271.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Plaisier, Heleen
    2007A Grammar of Lepcha. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Plank, Frans
    2015Das grammatische raritätenkabinett. typo.uni-konstanz.de/rara/intro/ (1 July 2015).
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Ponelis, Friedrich A.
    1979Afrikaanse sintaksis. Pretoria: Van Schaik.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Post, Mark W.
    2015 Sino-Tibetan negation and the case of Galo: Explaining a distributional oddity in diachronic terms. Language and Linguistics16: 431–464. doi: 10.1177/1606822X15569168
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1606822X15569168 [Google Scholar]
  60. Prasad, Bal Ram
    1991Mising Grammar. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Rutgers, Roland
    1998Yamphu. Grammar, Texts and Lexicon. Leiden: Centre of Non-Western Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Schackow, Diana
    2015A Grammar of Yakkha. Berlin: Language Science Press. doi: 10.26530/OAPEN_603340
    https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_603340 [Google Scholar]
  63. Thurgood, Graham & Randy J. LaPolla
    (eds) 2003The Sino-Tibetan Languages. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Tolsma, Gerard Jacobus
    2006A Grammar of Kulung. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Tumbahang, Govinda Bahadur
    2005 Negativization in Chhattpare Limbu. In Yadava Yogendra , Govinda Bhattarai , Ram Raj Lohani , Balaram Prasain & Krishna Parajuli (eds), Contemporary Issues in Nepalese Linguistics, 253–266. Kathmandu: Linguistics Society of Nepal.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Veselinova, Ljuba
    2014 The negative existential cycle revisited. Linguistics52:1327–1369.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. 2016 The negative existential cycle viewed through the lens of comparative data. In Elly van Gelderen (ed.) 2016 Cyclical change continued, 139–187. Amsterdam: Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/la.227.06ves
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.227.06ves [Google Scholar]
  68. Vossen, Frens
    2016 The Typology of the Jespersen Cycles. PhD disssertation, University of Antwerp.
  69. Watters, David E.
    2003 Kham. In Thurgood & LaPolla (eds), 683–704.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. Wester, Ruth
    2014 A Linguistic History of Awju-Dumut. Morphological Study and Reconstruction of a Papuan Language Family. PhD dissertation, Free University of Amsterdam.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.40.1.02van
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ltba.40.1.02van
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): clausal negation , copula , double negation , Jespersen Cycle and multiple negation
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error