1887
Volume 7, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2210-4070
  • E-ISSN: 2210-4097
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study looks into the patterns of metaphor use in the family register of scripted sitcom conversations. Previous studies of metaphor in conversation adopted different approaches to the concept of register, resulting in a rich but complex picture ( Cameron, 2003 , 2007 , 2008 ; Deignan, Littlemore & Semino, 2013 ; Kaal, 2012 ). This research attempts to reduce such complexity by using an approach to register based on closely defining communicative settings and the participants’ roles ( Giménez-Moreno, 2006 ). In this way, we were able to focus on the register used by family members and close friends and the contexts of private oral communication, as opposed to other possible registers characteristic of professional conversations or those between friends. The study provides data on the frequency, typology, grammatical form and function of the metaphors used in the fictional dialogues between family members and close friends from two British sitcoms, “Gavin & Stacey” and “The Royle Family”. The findings, in general, confirm the patterns of metaphor use in naturally-occurring (UK) conversation, but show lower frequency ranges than other more purpose-oriented contexts. The main contribution of this study is the evaluation of metaphor as an ‘appraisal resource’ ( Martin & White, 2005 ) and its frequent use in assessing the participants’ attitudes. The study suggests that defining register in terms of communicative setting and participants’ roles can help to provide comparable data on metaphor variation.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/msw.7.2.05sko
2017-11-20
2019-08-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Amador-Moreno, C. P. & McCafferty, K.
    (2011) Fictionalising orality: Introduction. Sociolinguistic Studies, 5 (1), 1–13. doi: 10.1558/sols.v5.i1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1558/sols.v5.i1.1 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bednarek, M.
    (2010) The language of fictional television: Drama and identity. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bhatia, V. K.
    (1993) Analysing genre. Harlow: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Biber, D.
    (1988) Variation across speech and writing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511621024
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621024 [Google Scholar]
  5. (1994) An analytical framework for register studies. In D. Biber & E. Finnegan (Eds.), Sociolinguistic perspectives on register (pp.31–56). New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. (1995) Dimensions of register variation: A cross-linguistic comparison. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511519871
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511519871 [Google Scholar]
  7. Cameron, L.
    (2003) Metaphor in educational discourse. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (2007) Patterns of metaphor use in reconciliation talk. Discourse & Society, 18 (2), 197–222. doi: 10.1177/0957926507073376
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926507073376 [Google Scholar]
  9. (2008) Metaphor and talk. In R. W. Gibbs (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp.197–211). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511816802.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511816802.013 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cameron, L. , & Deignan, A.
    (2006) The emergence of metaphor in discourse. Applied Linguistics, 27 (4), 671–690. doi: 10.1093/applin/aml032
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/aml032 [Google Scholar]
  11. Cameron, L. , & Low, G. D.
    (2004) Figurative variation in episodes of educational talk and text. European Journal of English Studies, 8 (4), 355–373. doi: 10.1080/1382557042000277430
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1382557042000277430 [Google Scholar]
  12. Cameron, L. , Maslen, R. , Todd, Z. , Maule, J. , Stratton, P. , & Stanley, N.
    (2009) The discourse dynamics approach to metaphor and metaphor-led discourse analysis. Metaphor & Symbol, 24 , 63–89. doi: 10.1080/10926480902830821
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926480902830821 [Google Scholar]
  13. Carter, R.
    (2004) Language and creativity: The art of common talk. London & New York: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203468401
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203468401 [Google Scholar]
  14. Charteris-Black, J.
    (2004) Corpus approaches to critical metaphor analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230000612
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230000612 [Google Scholar]
  15. Corts, D. , & Meyers, K.
    (2002) Conceptual clusters in figurative language production. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 31 (4), 391–408. doi: 10.1023/A:1019521809019
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1019521809019 [Google Scholar]
  16. Corts, D. , & Polio, H.
    (1999) Spontaneous production of figurative language and gesture in college lectures. Metaphor & Symbol, 14 (1), 81–100. doi: 10.1207/s15327868ms1402_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1402_1 [Google Scholar]
  17. Deignan, A.
    (2005) Metaphor and corpus linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/celcr.6
    https://doi.org/10.1075/celcr.6 [Google Scholar]
  18. Deignan, A. , Littlemore, J. , & Semino, E.
    (2013) Figurative language, genre and register. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Dorst, A. G.
    (2011) Metaphor in fiction: Language, thought and communication. Oisterwijk: BOXpress.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Fowler, R.
    (1989) Linguistics and the novel. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Gernon, C.
    (Dir.) (2007–2010) Gavin & Stacey [The Complete Collection, TV series for the BBC]. London: Baby Cow Productions Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ghadessy, M.
    (1988) Registers of written English: Situational factors and linguistic features. London: Pinter Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gibbs, R. W. & Franks, H.
    (2002) Embodied metaphor in women’s narratives about their experiences with cancer. Health Communication, 14 (2), 139–165. doi: 10.1207/S15327027HC1402_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327027HC1402_1 [Google Scholar]
  24. Giménez-Moreno, R.
    (1997) The boundaries of the concepts of genre, register and style in academic discourse. In J. Piqué and D. J. Viera (Eds.), Applied languages: Theory and practice in ESP (pp.37–45). Valencia: Publicaciones de la Universitat de València.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. (2006) A new approach to register variation: The missing link. Ibérica, 12 , 89–110.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. (2011a) Register variation in international business correspondence. International Journal of English Studies, 11 (1), 15–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. (2011b) Role fluctuation in professional English register variation. In M. L. Carrió , J. Contreras , F. Olmo , H. Skorczynska , I. Tamarit , & D. Westall (Eds.), La investigación y la enseñanza aplicadas a las lenguas de especialidad y a la tecnología (pp.71–79). Valencia: Universitat Politècnica de València.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Giménez-Moreno, R. , & Skorczynska, H.
    (2013) Corpus analysis and register variation: A field in need of an update. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 95 , 402–408. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.662
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.662 [Google Scholar]
  29. Goatly, A.
    (1994) Register and the redemption of relevance theory. The case of metaphor. Pragmatics, 4 (2), 139–181. doi: 10.1075/prag.4.2.05goa
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.4.2.05goa [Google Scholar]
  30. Gregory, M. , & Carroll, S.
    (1978) Language and situation: Language varieties and their social contexts. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Gwyn, R.
    (1999) ‘Captain of my own ship’: Metaphor and the discourse of chronic illness. In L. Cameron & G. D. Low (Eds.), Researching and applying metaphor (pp.203–220). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524704.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524704.013 [Google Scholar]
  32. Halliday, M. A. K.
    (1978) Language as social semiotic. London: Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. (1980) Register variation and the identity of a text. Sophia Linguistica, 6 , 60–79.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. (1994) Functional grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Herrmann, J. B.
    (2013) Metaphor in academic discourse: Linguistic forms, conceptual structures, communicative functions and cognitive representations. Utrecht: Landelijke Onderzoekschool Taalwetenschap.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Jiménez, M. A.
    (2008) Web genres in localisation: a Spanish corpus study. The International Journal of Localization, 6 (1), 4–14.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Kaal, A. A.
    (2012) Metaphor in conversation. Doctoral dissertation. Oisterwijk: Uitgeverij BOXPress.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Krennmayr, T.
    (2011) Metaphor in newspapers. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Amsterdam: VU University of Amsterdam.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Martin, J. R. , & White, P. R. R.
    (2005) The language of evaluation. Appraisal in English. Houndmills & New York: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230511910
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230511910 [Google Scholar]
  40. McCarthy, M.
    (1998/2003) Spoken language & applied linguistics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Moon, R.
    (1998) Fixed expressions and idioms in English: A corpus-based approach. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Mylod, M. , Bendelack, S. , & Aherne, C.
    (Dirs.) (1998–2012) The Royle Family [The Complete Collection, TV series for the BBC]. Manchester: ITV Studios Home Entertainment & Granada Ventures Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. O’Halloran, K.
    (2007) Critical discourse analysis and the corpus-informed interpretation of metaphor at register level. Applied Linguistics, 28 (1), 1–24. doi: 10.1093/applin/aml046
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/aml046 [Google Scholar]
  44. Poynton, C.
    (1985) Language and gender: Making the difference. Geelong, Vic.: Deakin University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Quaglio, P.
    (2009)  Television dialogue. The sitcom Friends vs. natural conversation . Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.36
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.36
  46. Rundell, M.
    (Ed.) (2007) Macmillan English dictionary for advanced learners. Oxford: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sherman, J.
    (2003) Using authentic video in the language classroom. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Skorczynska, H.
    (2014) Metaphor and education: reaching business training goals through multimodal metaphor. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences, 116 , 2344–2351. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.570
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.570 [Google Scholar]
  49. Skorczynska, H. , & Deignan, A.
    (2006) Readership and purpose in the choice of economics metaphor. Metaphor and Symbol, 21 (2), 87–104. doi: 10.1207/s15327868ms2102_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms2102_2 [Google Scholar]
  50. Steen, G. J. , Dorst, A. G. , Herrmann, J. B. , Kaal, A. , Krennmayr, T. , & Pasma, T.
    (2010a) A method for linguistic metaphor identification: From MIP to MIPVU. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/celcr.14
    https://doi.org/10.1075/celcr.14 [Google Scholar]
  51. Steen, G. , Dorst, A. , Hermann, B. , Kaal, A. , & Krennmayr, T.
    (2010b) Metaphor in usage. Cognitive Linguistics, 21 (4), 765–796. doi: 10.1515/cogl.2010.024
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.2010.024 [Google Scholar]
  52. Swales, J. M.
    (1990) Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/msw.7.2.05sko
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/msw.7.2.05sko
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): appraisal , conversation , metaphor and register
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error