Volume 7, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2210-4070
  • E-ISSN: 2210-4097
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


Although it is difficult to avoid metaphorical language in discussing and theorizing about communication, language, and metaphor itself, the metaphors we use have entailments that may not be consistent with the analyses they are intended to support. This essay discusses and compares the implications of some of the most common ‘meta-metaphors,’ metaphors used in discussions of metaphor.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Chiappe, D. L. , & Kennedy, J. M.
    (2001) Literal bases for metaphor and simile. Metaphor and Symbol, 16 , 249–276. doi: 10.1080/10926488.2001.9678897
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2001.9678897 [Google Scholar]
  2. Dorst, A. G. , & Kaal, A. A.
    (2012) Metaphor in discourse: Beyond the boundaries of MIP. In F. MacArthur , J. L. Oncins-Martinez , M. Sanchez-Garcia , & A. M. Piquer-Piriz , (Eds.), Metaphor in use: Context, culture, and communication (pp.51–68). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Dylan, Bob
    (1965) “Like a Rolling Stone.” Originally issued onHighway 61 Revisited. Warner Brothers Records.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Fauconnier, G. , & Turner, M.
    (2002) The way we think: Conceptual blending and the mind’s hidden complexities. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Iyengar, S.
    (1991) Is anyone responsible? How television frames political issues. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226388533.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226388533.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  6. Merriam-Webster dictionary online
    Merriam-Webster dictionary online. Retrieved from, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary.
  7. Ortony, A.
    (1993) The role of similarity in similes and metaphors. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought, (2nd ed.) (pp.342–356). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139173865.018
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173865.018 [Google Scholar]
  8. Oxford dictionaries online
    Oxford dictionaries online. Retrieved from, www.oxforddictionaries.com.
  9. Reddy, M. J.
    (1993) The conduit metaphor: A case of frame conflict in our language about language. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed.) (pp.164–201). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139173865.012
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173865.012 [Google Scholar]
  10. Ritchie, L. D.
    (2004) Lost in “Conceptual Space”: Metaphors of conceptual integration. Metaphor and Symbol, 19 , 31–50. doi: 10.1207/S15327868MS1901_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327868MS1901_2 [Google Scholar]
  11. (2016) “ The canary died,” so “kick it down the road”: Story metaphors in visual communication. Presented to the2016 conference of Researching and Applying Metaphor (RaAM), Berlin, Germany.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. (2017) Metaphorical stories in discourse. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781316717172
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316717172 [Google Scholar]
  13. Ritchie, L. D. , & Cameron, L.
    (2014) Open hearts or smoke and mirrors: Metaphorical framing and frame conflicts in a public meeting. Metaphor and Symbol, 29 , 204–223. doi: 10.1080/10926488.2014.924303
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2014.924303 [Google Scholar]
  14. Rolling Stones
    Rolling Stones (1965) “Heart of stone.” Rolling Stones Now. London Records.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Schön, D. A.
    (1993) Generative metaphor: A perspective on problem-setting in social policy. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed.) (pp.137–163). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139173865.011
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173865.011 [Google Scholar]
  16. Thibodeau, P. H. , & Boroditsky, L.
    (2011) Metaphors we think with: The role of metaphor in reasoning. PLoS ONE, 6 (2), Feb 2011, ArtID e16782. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016782
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016782 [Google Scholar]
  17. Tracy, K.
    (1997) Interactional trouble in emergency service requests: A problem of frames. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 30 , 315–343. doi: 10.1207/s15327973rlsi3004_3
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327973rlsi3004_3 [Google Scholar]
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error