1887
Volume 28, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1387-6740
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9935
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This study explores how 16 individuals who grew up during the four-year long military siege of the city employ language to make sense of their everyday experiences in Sarajevo following the conclusion of the Bosnian War. Narrative inquiry is employed in this work to study , a psychological process based in language and situated in interaction with extant social and physical landscapes. During the study, participants wrote responses across the three narrative contexts (1) the prewar, (2) the acute war, and (3) the postwar. Data analyses examine how participants enact in narrative construction through varied use of prepositions across the three narrative contexts. Significantly higher use of prepositions in the acute war narrative context indicates that growing up amidst urban destruction gives rise to thought processes that draw on spatial and temporal relations in order to make sense of radical environmental changes in the landscape of war.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ni.17076.luc
2018-10-19
2019-10-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Ball, P., Tabeau, E., & Verwimp, P.
    (2007) The Bosnian book of the dead: Assessment of the database: Executive summary. Human losses in Bosnia and Herzegovina 91–95. Sarajevo: Research and Documentation Center. www.idc.org.ba/presentation/content.htm.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bamberg, M.
    (2004) Talk, small stories, and adolescent identities. Human Development, 47, 366–369.10.1159/000081039
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000081039 [Google Scholar]
  3. (2012) Narrative analysis. InH. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology (Vol.2; pp.85–102). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Balaban, F. P.
    (1983) Funkcional’naja značimost predloga. Kišinev.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bassiouni, C.
    (27May 1994) Final report of the United Nations Commission of Experts established pursuant to security council resolution 780. United Nations. Archived from the original on 22 February 2001. Retrieved13 March 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Berman, D.
    (2001) The Heroes of Treca Gimnazija: A War School in Sarajevo, 1992–1995. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield 2001.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bronfenbrenner, U., & Morris, P.
    (1998) The ecology of developmental process. InW. Damon, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.) (5th ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Theoretical models of human development, (Vol.1; pp.993–1028) New York: Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruner, J.
    (1984) Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development: The hidden agenda. New Directions for Child Development, 23, 93–97.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (1986) Actual Minds, Possible Worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (1987) Life as Narrative. Social Research, 54(1), 11–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. (2002) Making stories: Law, literature, life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Bruner, J. S., & Goodman, C. C.
    (1947) Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33–44.10.1037/h0058484
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0058484 [Google Scholar]
  13. Bruner, J. S., & Haste, H.
    (1987) Introduction. In byJ. S. Bruner, & H. Haste (Eds.), Making Sense: The Child’s Construction of the World (pp.1–25). New York, NY: Methuen.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Bruner, J. S., & Postman, L.
    (1949) On the Perception of Incongruity: A Paradigm. Journal of Personality, 18, 206–223.10.1111/j.1467‑6494.1949.tb01241.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1949.tb01241.x [Google Scholar]
  15. Bugarski, R.
    (1969) Symmetry and Asymmetry in Prepositional Systems. InZbornik radova povodom četrdesetogodišnjice osnivanja Katedre za engleski jezik i književnost (pp.57–69). Beograd: Filološki fakultet.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. (1973) A System of English Prepositions and Their Serbo-Croatian Equivalents. InFilipović, R. (Ed.), The Yugoslav Serbo-Croatian-English Contrastive Project (pp.3–20). Zagreb: Institute of Linguistics and Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistcs. Reports 8.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Bowerman, M.
    (1996) The origins of children’s spatial semantic categories: Cognitive vs. linguistic determinants. InGumperz, J. and Levinson, S. (Eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Cassirer, E.
    (1944) An Essay on Man. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Cienki, A. J.
    (1989) Spatial cognition and the semantics of prepositions in English, Polish, and Russian. Munich, Germany: Verlag Otto Sagner.10.3726/b12805
    https://doi.org/10.3726/b12805 [Google Scholar]
  20. Clark, H.
    (1973) Space, Time, Semantics, and the Child. InT. E. Moore (Ed.), Cognitive Development and the Acquisition of Language (27–64). New York: Academic Press.10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑505850‑6.50008‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-505850-6.50008-6 [Google Scholar]
  21. Daiute, C.
    (2010) Human development and political violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511779725
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511779725 [Google Scholar]
  22. (2011) “Trouble” in, around, and between narratives. Narrative Inquiry, 21(2), 329–336. doi: 10.1075/ni.21.2.11dai
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ni.21.2.11dai [Google Scholar]
  23. (2014) Narrative inquiry: A dynamic approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Daiute, C., & Lucić, L.
    (2010) Situated cultural development among youth separated by war. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 615–628.10.1016/j.ijintrel.2010.07.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2010.07.006 [Google Scholar]
  25. Daiute, C., & Nelson, K.
    (1997) Making sense of the sense-making function of narrative evaluation. Journal of Narrative and Life History, 7(1–4), 207–215. doi: 10.1075/jnlh.7.25mak
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jnlh.7.25mak [Google Scholar]
  26. FAMA
    FAMA (1993) Sarajevo Survival Guide, W. A. Razovic, Maja (Ed.). Croatia: Workman Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Fillmore, C. J.
    (1971) Some problems for case grammar. InR. J. O’Brien (Ed.), 22nd annual Round Table. Linguistics: developments of the sixties – viewpoints of the seventies, volume 24 of Monograph Series on Language and Linguistics (pp.35–56). Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Fauconnier, G.
    (1985) Mental Spaces. Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Gibson, J. J.
    (1977) The Theory of Affordances. InR. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.). Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology (pp.67–82). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  30. (1979) The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Halilović, J.
    (2013) War Childhood. Sarajevo: War Childhood Museum.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Harvey, D.
    (2006) Space as a Keyword. InN. Castree, & G. Derek (Eds.), David Harvey: a critical reader (pp.67–82). Oxford: Blackwell.10.1002/9780470773581.ch14
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470773581.ch14 [Google Scholar]
  33. Heft, H.
    (1989) Affordances and the Body: An Intentional Analysis of Gibson’s Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 19, 1–30.10.1111/j.1468‑5914.1989.tb00133.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1989.tb00133.x [Google Scholar]
  34. (2003) Affordances, dynamic experience, and the challenge of reification. Ecological Psychology, 15, 149–180.10.1207/S15326969ECO1502_4
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326969ECO1502_4 [Google Scholar]
  35. Jabučar, A.
    (1994) Organizacija škola u ratu [Organization of schools during the war time]. Bosansko-hercegovački školski glasnik, 1(1) (August), 4–5.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Jackendoff, R.
    (1977) X-bar syntax: A study of phrase structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. (1983) Semantics and cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Johnston, J., & Slobin, D.
    (1979) The development of locative expressions in English, Italian, Serbo-Croatian and Turkish. Journal of Child Language, 6, 529–545.10.1017/S030500090000252X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S030500090000252X [Google Scholar]
  39. Karavelić, V. & Rujanac, Z.
    (2009) Sarajevo: Opsada i Odbrana 1992–1995 [Sarajevo: Siege and Defense]. Udruženje za zaštitu tekovina borbe za Bosnu i Hercegovinu. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Labov, W., & Waletzky, J.
    (1967) Narrative analysis: Oral versions of personal experience. InJ. Helm (Ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts (pp.12–44). Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Landau, B.
    (1994) Where’s what and what’s where: the language of objects in space. The Acquisition of the LexiconedsGleitman, L., Landau, B., editors. (London: MIT Press;) 259–296.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Landis, J. R., Koch, G. G.
    (1977) The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33, 159–174.10.2307/2529310
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2529310 [Google Scholar]
  43. Langacker, R.
    (1987) Foundations of cognitive grammar (Vol.1). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Lefebvre, H.
    (1991) The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Lewin, K.
    (1917) Kriegslandschaft [War landscapes]. Zeitschrift für angewandte psychologie. [Journal for applied Psychology], 12, 440–447.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Lucić, L.
    (2016) Developmental affordances of war-torn landscapes: Growing up in Sarajevo under siege. Human Development, 59, 81–106.10.1159/000448228
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000448228 [Google Scholar]
  47. Luria, A. R.
    (1976) Cognitive development: Its cultural and social foundations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Maček, I.
    (2009) Sarajevo under Siege: Anthropology in Wartime. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.10.9783/9780812294385
    https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812294385 [Google Scholar]
  49. Meints, K., Plunkett, K., Harris, P. L., & Dimmock, D.
    (2002) What is ‘on’ and ‘under’ for 15-, 18- and 24- month-olds? Typicality effects in early comprehension of spatial prepositions. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20, 113–30.10.1348/026151002166352
    https://doi.org/10.1348/026151002166352 [Google Scholar]
  50. Muchow, M. & Muchow, H. H.
    (2015) The Life Space of the Urban Child. InG. Mey & H. Guenther (Eds.), The life space of the urban child: Perspectives on Martha Muchow’s classic study (Guenther, Trans., pp.63–146) (Series History and Theory of Psychology). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. (original published in 1935).
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Nelson, K.
    (1985) Making Sense: The Acquisition of Shared Meaning. New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. (1996) Language in cognitive development: The emergence of the mediated mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139174619
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139174619 [Google Scholar]
  53. (2007) Young minds in social worlds. Cambridge: Harvard Univesity Press.10.4159/9780674041400
    https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674041400 [Google Scholar]
  54. (2014) A Matter of Meaning: Reflections on Forty Years of JCL. Journal of Child Language, 41(1), 93–104.10.1017/S0305000914000154
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000914000154 [Google Scholar]
  55. Nachtigäller, K., Rohlfing, K. J., & McGregor, K. K.
    (2013) A story about a word: does narrative presentation promote learning of a spatial preposition in German two-year olds?J. Child Lang, 40, 900–917. doi: 10.1017/S0305000912000311
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000912000311 [Google Scholar]
  56. Peterson, C., & McCabe, A.
    (1983) Developmental psycholinguistics: Three ways of looking at a child’s narrative. New York: Plenum.10.1007/978‑1‑4757‑0608‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-0608-6 [Google Scholar]
  57. Pilav, A.
    (2012) Before the War, War, After the War: Urban Imageries for Urban Resilience. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 3(1), 23–37.10.1007/s13753‑012‑0004‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s13753-012-0004-4 [Google Scholar]
  58. Rohlfing, K. J.
    (2001) No preposition required. The role of prepositions for the understanding of spatial relations in language acquisition. InM. Putz, S. Niemeier & R. Dirven (Eds.), Applied cognitive linguistics I: Theory and language acquisition (pp.229–47). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110866247.229
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110866247.229 [Google Scholar]
  59. (2006) Facilitating the acquisition of UNDER by means of IN and ON a training study in Polish. J. Child Lang, 33, 51–69.10.1017/S0305000905007257
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000905007257 [Google Scholar]
  60. Sinha, C.
    (1983) Background knowledge, presupposition and canonicality. InT. Seiler & W. Wannenmacher (Eds.), Concept development and the development of word meaning (pp.269–96). Berlin: Springer.10.1007/978‑3‑642‑69000‑6_16
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69000-6_16 [Google Scholar]
  61. Taylor, J. R.
    (1993) Prepositions: Patterns of polysemization and strategies of disambiguation. InC. Zelinsk-Wibbelt (Eds.), Natural language processing: The semantics of prepositions (Vol.3) (pp.151–175). The Hague: Mouten de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110872576.151
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110872576.151 [Google Scholar]
  62. Tomasello, M.
    (2003) Constructing a Language: A Usage-Based Theory of Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Pranjković, I.
    (2001) Gramatika hrvatskoga jezika [Croatian Grammar]. Zagreb: Skolska Knjiga
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Vygotsky, L. S.
    (1978) Mind in society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Young, K.
    (2001) UNHCR and ICRC in the former Yugoslavia: Bosnia-Herzegovina. International Review of the Red Cross, 843, 781–805.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Wilcox, S. & Palermo, D. S.
    (1974) ‘In’, ‘on’, and ‘under’ revisited. Cognition, 3, 245–54.10.1016/0010‑0277(74)90011‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(74)90011-0 [Google Scholar]
  67. Winkel, G., Saegert, S., & Evans, G. W.
    (2009) An ecological perspective on theory, methods, and analysis in environmental psychology: Advances and challenges. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(3), 318–328.10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.02.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.02.005 [Google Scholar]
  68. Wittgenstein, L.
    (1953) Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Zunshine, L.
    (2006) Why We Read Fiction: Theory of Mind and the Novel. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ni.17076.luc
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ni.17076.luc
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error