1887
Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1387-6740
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9935
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The goal of the present study was to replicate and extend previous research that demonstrated the incremental validity of narrative identity in predicting psychological well-being among Korean adults. We recruited 147 Korean adults living in South Korea who completed a battery of questionnaires that assessed the Big Five traits, extrinsic value orientation, self-concept clarity, and psychological well-being. Participants then wrote a story about how they had become the persons they were, which was subsequently coded in terms of agency. We found that psychological well-being was positively related to extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and self-concept clarity, but negatively to neuroticism and extrinsic value orientation. The positive relation between agency, coded from narratives, and psychological well-being was significant both with and without controlling for the other variables. These results showed that narrative identity has incremental validity in predicting well-being among individuals who live in a culture where collectivism and individualism coexist.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ni.21047.par
2021-12-23
2024-04-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adler, J. M.
    (2012) Living into the story: Agency and coherence in a longitudinal study of narrative identity development and mental health over the course of psychotherapy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102 1, 367–389.   10.1037/a0025289
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025289 [Google Scholar]
  2. Adler, J. M. , Kissel, E. C. , & McAdams, D. P.
    (2006) Emerging from the CAVE: Attributional style and the narrative study of identity in midlife adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30 1, 39–51.   10.1007/s10608‑006‑9005‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9005-1 [Google Scholar]
  3. Adler, J. M. , Lodi-Smith, J. , Philippe, F. L. , & Houle, I.
    (2016) The incremental validity of narrative identity in predicting well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 20 1, 142–175.   10.1177/1088868315585068
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868315585068 [Google Scholar]
  4. Adler, J. M. , Skalina, L. M. , & McAdmas, D. P.
    (2008) The narrative reconstruction of psychotherapy and psychological health. Psychotherapy Research, 18 1, 719–734.   10.1080/10503300802326020
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10503300802326020 [Google Scholar]
  5. Adler, J. M. , Turner, A. F. , Brookshier, K. M. , Monahan, C. , Walder-Biesanz, I. , Harmeling, L. H. , … Oltmanns, T. F.
    (2015) Variation in narrative identity is associated with trajectories of mental health over several years. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108 1, 476–496.   10.1037/a0038601
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038601 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bakan, D.
    (1966) The duality of human existence. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bauer, J. J. , & McAdams, D. P.
    (2010) Eudaimonic growth: Narrative growth goals predict increases in ego development and subjective well-being 3 years later. Developmental Psychology, 46 1, 761–772.   10.1037/a0019654
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019654 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bauer, J. J. , McAdams, D. P. , & Sakaeda, A. R.
    (2005) Crystallization of desire and crystallization of discontent in narratives of life-changing decisions. Journal of Personality, 73 1, 1181–1214.   10.1111/j.1467‑6494.2005.00346.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00346.x [Google Scholar]
  9. Campbell, J. D. , Trapnell, P. D. , Heine, S. J. , Katz, I. M. , Lavallee, L. F. , & Lehman, D. R.
    (1996) Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70 1, 141–156.   10.1037/0022‑3514.70.1.141
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.1.141 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cheng, M. , & Berman, S. L.
    (2012) Globalization and identity development: A Chinese perspective. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development 2012, 103–121.   10.1002/cad.20024
    https://doi.org/10.1002/cad.20024 [Google Scholar]
  11. DeNeve, K. M. , & Cooper, H.
    (1998) The happy personality: A meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 124 1, 197–229.   10.1037/0033‑2909.124.2.197
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.124.2.197 [Google Scholar]
  12. Diehl, M. , & Hay, E. L.
    (2011) Self-concept differentiation and self-concept clarity across adulthood: Associations with age and psychological well-being. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 73 1, 125–152.   10.2190/AG.73.2.b
    https://doi.org/10.2190/AG.73.2.b [Google Scholar]
  13. Dunlop, W. L.
    (2017) Situating self-concept clarity in the landscape of personality. In J. Lodi-Smith & K. G. DeMarree (Eds.), Self-concept clarity (pp.19–41). Cham: Springer International Publishing.   10.1007/978‑3‑319‑71547‑6_2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71547-6_2 [Google Scholar]
  14. Han, G. , Kim, J. , & Park, S.
    (2018) Extrinsic value orientation and decreased sustainability of shared resources: The moderating role of situational characteristics. Sustainability, 10 1, 2199.   10.3390/su10072199
    https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072199 [Google Scholar]
  15. Han, G. , & Shin, S.
    (1999) A cultural profile of Korean society: From vertical collectivism to horizontal individualism. Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 13 1, 293–310.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Helgeson, V. S.
    (1994) Relation of agency and communion to well-being: Evidence and potential explanations. Psychological Bulletin, 116 1, 412–428.   10.1037/0033‑2909.116.3.412
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.116.3.412 [Google Scholar]
  17. Hitlin, S.
    (2003) Values as the core of personal identity: Drawing links between two theories of self. Social Psychology Quarterly, 66 1, 118–137.   10.2307/1519843
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1519843 [Google Scholar]
  18. John, O. P. , & Srivastava, S.
    (1999) The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research ( 2nd Edition ; pp.102–138). New York: Guilford Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Johnson, A. M. , Vernon, P. A. , & Feiler, A. R.
    (2008) Behavioral genetic studies of personality: An introduction and review of the results of 50+ years of research. In G. J. Boyle , G. Matthews , & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment: Volume 1 (pp.145–173). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE.   10.4135/9781849200462.n7
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9781849200462.n7 [Google Scholar]
  20. Joo, M. , & Park, S. W.
    (2021) Depression is associated with negativity in TAT narratives: The mediating role of agency. Current Psychology, 40 1, 3065–3072.   10.1007/s12144‑019‑00245‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00245-6 [Google Scholar]
  21. Kasser, T.
    (2002) The high price of materialism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 10.7551/mitpress/3501.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/3501.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  22. Kasser, T. , & Ryan, R. M.
    (1996) Further examining the American dream: Differential correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22 1, 280–287.   10.1177/0146167296223006
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167296223006 [Google Scholar]
  23. Kim, G.
    (2013) Status and narrative approach in the Korean college student’s ego identity. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 20 1, 73–102.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kim, H.
    (2020) Trends and causes of subjective well-being in Korea: Focusing on differences by gender and age. Korean Policy Sciences Review 24 1, 47–72. 10.31553/kpsr.2020.6.24.2.47
    https://doi.org/10.31553/kpsr.2020.6.24.2.47 [Google Scholar]
  25. Kim, S. Y. , Kim, J. M. , Yoo, J. A. , Bae, K. Y. , Kim, S. W. , Yang, S. J. , … Yoon, J. S.
    (2010) Standardization and validation of Big Five Inventory-Korean Version (BFI-K) in elders. Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 17 1, 15–25.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kim, Y. , Lee, Y. , Joo, M. J. , Park, Y. , & Park, S. W.
    (2016) Agency and communion: Two fundamental dimensions of human existence. Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 35 1, 283–308.   10.22257/kjp.2016.06.35.2.283
    https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2016.06.35.2.283 [Google Scholar]
  27. Lee, S. K. , Benavides, P. , Heo, Y. H. , & Park, S. W.
    (2014) Narcissism increase among college students in Korea: A cross-temporal meta-analysis (1999–2014). Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 33 1, 609–625.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lysaker, P. H. , Clements, C. A. , Plascak-Hallberg, C. D. , Knipscheer, S. J. , & Wright, D. E.
    (2002) Insight and personal narratives of illness in schizophrenia. Psychiatry, 65 1, 197–206.   10.1521/psyc.65.3.197.20174
    https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.65.3.197.20174 [Google Scholar]
  29. McAdams, D. P.
    (1995) What do we know when we know a person?Journal of Personality, 63 1, 365–396.   10.1111/j.1467‑6494.1995.tb00500.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00500.x [Google Scholar]
  30. McAdams, D. P. , Hoffman, B. J. , Mansfield, E. D. , & Day, R.
    (1996) Themes of agency and communion in significant autobiographical scenes. Journal of Personality, 64 1, 339–377.   10.1111/j.1467‑6494.1996.tb00514.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1996.tb00514.x [Google Scholar]
  31. McAdams, D. P. , & Pals, J. L.
    (2006) A new Big Five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61 1, 204–217.   10.1037/0003‑066X.61.3.204
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.61.3.204 [Google Scholar]
  32. McLean, K. C. , Syed, M. , Pasupathi, M. , Adler, J. M. , Dunlop, W. L. , Drustrup, D. , … McCoy, T. P.
    (2020) The empirical structure of narrative identity: The initial Big Three. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 119 1, 920–944.   10.1037/pspp0000247
    https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000247 [Google Scholar]
  33. Pals, J. L.
    (2006) Narrative identity processing of difficult life experiences: Pathways of personality development and positive self-transformation in adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74 1, 1079–1110.   10.1111/j.1467‑6494.2006.00403.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00403.x [Google Scholar]
  34. Park, S. W. , & Moon, H.
    (2020) Assessing identity formation via narratives. Current Psychology. Advanced online publication.   10.1007/s12144‑020‑00926‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00926-7 [Google Scholar]
  35. Park, Y. , Kim, T.-S. , & Park, S. W.
    (2016) Change in goal orientation of Korean high school athletes: A cross-temporal meta-analysis, 1999–2014. Personality and Individual Differences, 94 1, 342–347.   10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  36. Ritchie, T. D. , Sedikides, C. , Wildschut, T. , Arndt, J. , & Gidron, Y.
    (2011) Self-concept clarity mediates the relation between stress and subjective well-being. Self and Identity, 10 1, 493–508.   10.1080/15298868.2010.493066
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2010.493066 [Google Scholar]
  37. Ryan, R. M. , & Deci, E. L.
    (2017) Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York, NY: Guilford Press. 10.1521/978.14625/28806
    https://doi.org/10.1521/978.14625/28806 [Google Scholar]
  38. Ryff, C. D.
    (1989) Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57 1, 1069–1081.   10.1037/0022‑3514.57.6.1069
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069 [Google Scholar]
  39. Sheldon, K. M. , & McGregor, H. A.
    (2000) Extrinsic value orientation and “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Journal of Personality, 68 1, 383–411.   10.1111/1467‑6494.00101
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.00101 [Google Scholar]
  40. Shin, H. , Kim, T. , Park, Y. , & Park, S. W.
    (2017) Materialism and mental health: A negative relation not moderated by economic status. Health and Social Welfare Review, 37 1, 368–397.   10.15709/hswr.2017.37.3.368
    https://doi.org/10.15709/hswr.2017.37.3.368 [Google Scholar]
  41. Singer, J. A.
    (2004) Narrative identity and meaning making across the adult lifespan. Journal of Personality, 72 1, 437–460.   10.1111/j.0022‑3506.2004.00268.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00268.x [Google Scholar]
  42. Soenens, B. , & Vansteenkiste, M.
    (2011) When is identity congruent with the self? A self-determination theory perspective. In S. J. Schwartz , K. Luyckx , & V. L. Vignoles (Eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research (pp.381–402). New York, NY: Springer New York.   10.1007/978‑1‑4419‑7988‑9_17
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7988-9_17 [Google Scholar]
  43. Steel, P. , Schmidt, J. , & Shultz, J.
    (2008) Refining the relationship between personality and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 134 1, 138–161.   10.1037/0033‑2909.134.1.138
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.134.1.138 [Google Scholar]
  44. Stone, A. A. , Schwartz, J. E. , Broderick, J. E. , & Deaton, A.
    (2010) A snapshot of the age distribution of psychological well-being in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 1, 9985–9990.   10.1073/pnas.1003744107
    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1003744107 [Google Scholar]
  45. Usborne, E. , & Taylor, D. M.
    (2010) The role of cultural identity clarity for self-concept clarity, self-esteem, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 1, 883–897.   10.1177/0146167210372215
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167210372215 [Google Scholar]
  46. Yang, J. , Yang, E. , & Kim, G.
    (2012) Attachment, career self-efficacy, and career-related behaviors among college students in Korea: Mediating effect of meaning-making in the turning point narratives. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 19 1, 55–76.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ni.21047.par
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ni.21047.par
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): agency; narrative identity; psychological well-being; self-concept clarity; values
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error