1887
Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1387-6740
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9935
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Drawing on narrative theories of personality this study proposed a model of narrative integration to explain how traumatic experiences are incorporated within the self-construct. A qualitative design was employed, using semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis of interview data. The sample included former asylum-seekers now living in Australia after spending two years or more in mandatory detention centers. Ten males aged between 19 and 51 recalled their experiences of mandatory detention within the context of their lives. Findings supported the use of the proposed model of narrative integration for understanding trauma associated with mandatory detention. Thematic analysis revealed disturbances to people’s narratives as a result of detention, with attempts to adapt to narrative disturbance adhering to constructs outlined in the model. Three groups representing different levels of narrative integration were identified using the model, including: robust integration, limited integration, and fragmentation. This study extended the narrative approach by offering a conceptual framework for assessing narrative integration following a traumatic event. Findings suggest scope for further research applying the model of narrative integration to other trauma populations, and exploring the utility of the model in a therapeutic context.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ni.26.1.05wit
2016-12-05
2019-10-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bauer, J. , McAdams, D. , & Pals, J
    (2008) Narrative identity and eudemonic well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9, 81–104. doi: 10.1007/s10902‑006‑9021‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-006-9021-6 [Google Scholar]
  2. Berg, B
    (2004) Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Person Education Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Borden, W
    (1992) Narrative perspectives in psychosocial intervention following adverse life events. Social Work, 37, 135–141.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bruner, J
    (1986) Actual minds, possible worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Conway, M. , & Holmes, A
    (2004) Psychosocial stages and the accessibility of autobiographical memories across the life cycle. Journal of Personality, 72, 461–480. doi: 10.1111/j.0022‑3506.2004.00269.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00269.x [Google Scholar]
  6. Conway, M. , Singer, J. , & Tagini, A
    (2004) The self and autobiographical memory: Correspondence and coherence. Social Cognition, 22, 491–529. doi: 10.1521/soco.22.5.491.50768
    https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.22.5.491.50768 [Google Scholar]
  7. Crossley, M
    (2000) Introducing narrative psychology: Self, trauma and the construction of meaning. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Dimaggio, G
    (2006) Disorganized narratives in clinical practice. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 19, 103–108. doi: 10.1080/10720530500508696
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10720530500508696 [Google Scholar]
  9. Gergen, M. , & Gergen, K
    (2006) Narratives in action. Narrative Inquiry, 16, 112–121. doi: 10.1075/ni.16.1.15ger
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ni.16.1.15ger [Google Scholar]
  10. Grossbaum, M. , & Bates, G
    (2002) Correlates of psychological well being at midlife: The role of generativity, agency and communion, and narrative themes. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 120–127. doi: 10.1080/01650250042000654
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01650250042000654 [Google Scholar]
  11. Hester, R
    (2004) Early memory and narrative therapy. Journal of Individual Psychology, 60, 338–347.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lysaker, P. , & Lysaker, J
    (2006) Psychotherapy and schizophrenia: An analysis of requirements of an individual psychotherapy for persons with profoundly disorganized selves. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 19, 171–189. doi: 10.1080/10720530500508894
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10720530500508894 [Google Scholar]
  13. McAdams, D
    (1988) Power, intimacy, and the life story. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. (1990) Unity and purpose in human lives: The emergence of identity as a life story. In A. Rabin , R. Zucker , R. Emmons , & S. Frank (Eds.), Studying persons and lives (pp.148–200). New York: Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. McAdams, D. , de St. Aubin, E. , & Logan, R
    (1993) Generativity among young, midlife, and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 8, 221–230. doi: 10.1037/0882‑7974.8.2.221
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0882-7974.8.2.221 [Google Scholar]
  16. McAdams, D
    (1996) Personality, modernity, and the storied self: A contemporary framework for studying persons. Psychological Inquiry, 7, 295–321. doi: 10.1207/s15327965pli0704_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0704_1 [Google Scholar]
  17. McAdams, D. , Hoffmann, B. , Mansfield, E. , & Day, R
    (1999) Themes of agency and communion in significant autobiographical scenes. Journal of Personality, 64, 339–377. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑6494.1996.tb00514.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1996.tb00514.x [Google Scholar]
  18. McAdams, D
    (2001) The psychology of life stories. Review of General Psychology, 5, 100–122. doi: 10.1037/1089‑2680.5.2.100
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.5.2.100 [Google Scholar]
  19. McAdams, D. , & Bowman, P
    (2001) Narrative life’s turning points: Redemption and contamination. In D. McAdams , R. Josselson , & A. Lieblich (Eds.), Turns in the road: Narrative studies of lives in transition (pp.3–34). Washington, DC: APA. doi: 10.1037/10410‑001
    https://doi.org/10.1037/10410-001 [Google Scholar]
  20. McAdams, D
    (Ed.) (2006) The person: A new introduction to personality psychology. New York, NY: Wiley.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. McAdams, D. , & Pals, J
    (2006) A new big five. Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61, 204–217. doi: 10.1037/0003‑066X.61.3.204
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.61.3.204 [Google Scholar]
  22. McLean, K. , & Pals Lilgendahl, J
    (2008) Why recall our highs and lows: Relations between memory functions, age, and well-being. Memory, 16, 751–762. doi: 10.1080/09658210802215385
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210802215385 [Google Scholar]
  23. Neimeyer, R
    (2004) Fostering post-traumatic growth: A narrative elaboration. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 53–64.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Niemeyer, R. , Herrero, O. , & Botella, L
    (2006) Chaos to coherence: Psychotherapeutic integration of traumatic loss. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 19, 127–145. doi: 10.1080/10720530500508738
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10720530500508738 [Google Scholar]
  25. Pals, J. , & McAdams, D
    (2004) The transformed self: A narrative understanding of post-traumatic growth. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 65–69.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Pennebaker, J. , & Seagal. J
    (1999) Forming a story: The health benefits of narrative. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 1243–1254. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097‑4679(199910)55:10<1243::AID‑JCLP6>3.0.CO;2‑N
    https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199910)55:10<1243::AID-JCLP6>3.0.CO;2-N [Google Scholar]
  27. People’s Inquiry Into Detention
    (2006) We’ve boundless plains to share: The first report of the people’s inquiry into detention. Melbourne, VIC: ACHSSW.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Pillemer, D
    (1998) Momentous events, vivid memories. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Polkinghorne, D
    (1988) Narrative knowing and the human sciences. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Singer, J. , & Salovey, P
    (1993) The remembered self: Emotion and memory in personality. New York: Free Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Singer, J
    (1995) Seeing one’s self: Locating narrative memory in a framework of personality. Journal of Personality, 63, 429–457. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑6494.1995.tb00502.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00502.x [Google Scholar]
  32. Singer, J. , & Bluck, S
    (2001) New perspectives on autobiographical memory: The integration of narrative processing and autobiographical reasoning. Review of General Psychology, 5, 91–99. doi: 10.1037/1089‑2680.5.2.91
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.5.2.91 [Google Scholar]
  33. Singer, J
    (2004) Narrative identity and meaning making across the adult lifespan: An introduction. Journal of Personality, 72, 437–459. doi: 10.1111/j.0022‑3506.2004.00268.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00268.x [Google Scholar]
  34. Singer, J. , & Rexhaj, B
    (2006) Narrative coherence and psychotherapy: A commentary. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 19, 209–217. doi: 10.1080/10720530500508944
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10720530500508944 [Google Scholar]
  35. Sultan, A. , & O’Sullivan, K
    (2001) Psychological disturbances in asylum-seekers held in long-term detention. Medical Journal of Australia, 175, 593–596.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ni.26.1.05wit
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): detention , identity , immigration , integration , life-stories , narrative and trauma
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error