Volume 72, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0108-8416
  • E-ISSN: 2212-9715
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



In late Old English dialects, adverbial elements are frequently morphologically ambiguous (independent words, clitics, verbal prefixes, etc.), and an important facet of the proper treatment of these items is the quality of source-data in different texts. This paper examines the usage of three adverbial/prepositional elements in the Northumbrian Lindisfarne Glosses: ‘again, after’, ‘around’, and ‘over’. Skeat (1871–87), whose transcription of the original manuscript is the primary reference for research on the Glosses, frequently transcribes these items as prefixes, alongside other OE prefixes like , , , and . However, Skeat also deviates from this pattern in many cases, leaving their proper analysis uncertain. Nevertheless, various works (e.g., Cook 1894Bosworth 2011), have indeed taken these items to be prefixes. I follow Fernández-Cuesta (2016) in revisiting the original Lindisfarne manuscript to determine the correct treatment of these items, concluding that and should not be analyzed as prefixes in the manuscript, while should have prefix status.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Blom, A. H.
    2017Glossing the Psalms: The emergence of the written vernaculars in Western Europe from the seventh to the twelfth centuries. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110501865
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110501865 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bosworth, J.
    2011 An Anglo-Saxon dictionary online (T. N. Toller , eds.). bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/009066.
  3. Cook, A. S.
    1894A glossary of the Old Northumbrian Gospels (Lindisfarne Gospels or Durham Book). Halle: Niemeyer.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Esquibel, J. & A. Wojtyś
    2016Æfter/ra in the Lindisfarne Gospels: On the plethora of its meanings and uses in the English gloss. Anglica25(2). 117–138.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Fernández Cuesta, J.
    2016 Revisiting the manuscript of the Lindisfarne Gospels. InJ. Fernández Cuesta & S. M. Pons-Sanz (eds.), 257–287.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fernández Cuesta, J. & S. M. Pons-Sanz
    eds. The Old English gloss to the Lindisfarne Gospels: Language, author and context. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110449105
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110449105 [Google Scholar]
  7. Hiltunen, R.
    1983The decline of the prefixes and the beginnings of the English phrasal verb. Turku: Turun Yliopisto.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Lutz, A.
    2010 Norse influence on English in the light of general contact linguistics. InI. Hegedűs & A. Fodor (eds.), English Historical Linguistics 2010: Selected papers from the sixteenth International Conference on English Historical Linguistics (ICEHL 16), 15–42. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Rusch, P. G.
    2016 The glosses to the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Benedictine Reform. InJ. Fernández Cuesta & S. M. Pons-Sanz (eds.), 61–78.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Skeat, W. W.
    (ed.) 1871–87The Four Gospels in Anglo-Saxon, Northumbrian, and Old Mercian versions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Smith, J.
    2003An historical study of English: Function, form and change. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203435670
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203435670 [Google Scholar]
  12. Thim, S.
    2012Phrasal verbs: The English verb – particle construction and its history. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110257038
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110257038 [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error