Volume 70, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0108-8416
  • E-ISSN: 2212-9715
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This paper attempts to explain the origin and development of a subgroup of the Proto-Germanic weak verbs of class I (Gothic , , , , and ). The core of this group consists of Proto-Indo-European zero-grade primary *-/ presents, which all developed a present, ablauting preterit and *-- participle in Early Proto-Germanic. In so doing, they came to violate the requirement that each ablauting verb must possess distinct present and preterit stems. With the introduction of a new preterit plural vowel in the ablaut model of classes V and VI, this problem was solved for the primary *-/ presents belonging to these. Owing to the dominance of the present tense within the strong paradigm, a remodelling of the preterit was also the preferred solution for the remaining verbs, and this was eventually found in the innovation of new weak forms through an analogy involving their *-- participle.


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