Volume 27, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0929-0907
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9943
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In this article I continue reading oral traditional poetry from a cognitive perspective. This time I use findings obtained empirically from my previous research on the living short improvisational poetic genre from Morocco (Gintsburg 20172019a) and turn my attention to , another short oral improvisational poetic genre, which once existed in the Basque Country but is now extinct and almost forgotten. In order to better understand how this genre once functioned, I first apply to it the notions of , or topics or themes, and or possible scenarios manifested at least partly in form of formulaic language, which are triggered by them. The analysis reveals that on the cognitive level offer a structure similar to the , where the first two lines work as a and the last two lines as a . In the second part of my research, I compare examples of and and conclude that, despite obvious cultural and linguistic differences, the way both traditions make use of images of the natural world and connect them to human situations has demonstrable similarities.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Arabic language; Basque language; cognitive science; frames; oral poetry; poetic formulas
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