1887
Volume 28, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0929-0907
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9943
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The article examines the ways in which humour twists regular euphemism use. Based on the classical fields of euphemisms anchored in religion, aesthetics, social politics, and amorality, it identifies the characteristics of their twisted variants with a humorous component: playing-with-fire euphemisms that jocosely provoke supernatural forces, innuendo euphemisms that entertain, mocking euphemisms that make fun of others in a teasing or demeaning way, and idealistic euphemisms that uncover obfuscating language and negative realities. Using English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish euphemisms of different periods and genres, the article analyses the intentions, origins, motives, functions, and styles of humour, differentiates between symbiotic and parasitic twists, and thus provides a typology of twisted euphemism use.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/pc.20027.hei
2022-03-16
2022-05-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Allan, Keith
    2012 X-phemism and creativity. Lexis7. 5–42. 10.4000/lexis.340
    https://doi.org/10.4000/lexis.340 [Google Scholar]
  2. Allan, Keith & Kate Burridge
    1991Euphemism & dysphemism: Language used as shield and weapon. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bacqueleine, Françoise
    2006 L’euphémisme, un obstacle à la traduction. Revista da Faculdade de Letras – Línguas e Literaturas23. 463–487.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Benczes, Réka & Kate Burridge
    2018 Speaking of disease and death. InKeith Allan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, 61–76. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.4
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.4 [Google Scholar]
  5. Blake, Barry J.
    2018 Taboo language as source of comedy. InKeith Allan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, 353–371. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.19
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.19 [Google Scholar]
  6. Burridge, Kate
    2012 Euphemism and Language Change: The Sixth and Seventh Ages. Lexis7. 65–92. 10.4000/lexis.355
    https://doi.org/10.4000/lexis.355 [Google Scholar]
  7. Casas Gómez, Miguel
    2009 Towards a new approach to the linguistic definition of euphemism. Language Sciences31. 725–739. 10.1016/j.langsci.2009.05.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2009.05.001 [Google Scholar]
  8. 2012 The Expressive Creativity of Euphemism and Dysphemism. Lexis7. 43–64. 10.4000/lexis.349
    https://doi.org/10.4000/lexis.349 [Google Scholar]
  9. Charest, Gilles
    1974Le livre des sacres et blasphèmes québécois. Montreal: L’Aurore.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Coppens, Bruno
    2003 Hommages collatéraux. La Libre, 21March 2003 https://www.lalibre.be/archive/hommages-collateraux-51b87d3de4b0de6db9a86d93 (5July 2021).
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Crespo-Fernández, Eliecer
    2018 Taboos in speaking of sex and sexuality. InKeith Allan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, 41–60. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.3
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.3 [Google Scholar]
  12. Delvau, Alfred
    1968 [21874] Dictionnaire érotique moderne. Geneva: Slatkine.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dottin, Georges
    1991Chansons françaises de la Renaissance. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Epstein, Joseph
    1985 Sex and euphemism. InDenis J. Enright (ed.), Fair of Speech: The uses of euphemism, 56–71. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Flo Rida
    2012Whistle. New York: Atlantic Records.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. France, Hector
    1907Dictionnaire de la langue verte, archaïsmes, neologismes, locutions étrangeres, patois. Paris: Librairie du progrès.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Freud, Sigmund
    1919Totem and Taboo: Resemblances between the psychic lives of savages and neurotics. New York: Moffat, Yard and Company.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jay, Timothy B.
    2018 The psychology of expressing and interpreting linguistic taboo. InKeith Allan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, 77–95. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.5
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.5 [Google Scholar]
  19. Kany, Charles E.
    1960American-Spanish euphemisms. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kelnberger, Christian
    2004Text und Musik bei John Dowland: Eine Untersuchung zu den Vokalkompositionen des bedeutendsten Lautenvirtuosen der Englischen Renaissance. Passau: Stutz.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kerbrat-Orecchioni, Catherine
    2013 Politeness, impoliteness, non-politeness, ‘polirudeness’. The case of of political TV debates. InDenis James & Manuel Jobert (eds.), Aspects of Linguistic Impoliteness, 16–45. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Légaré, Clément & André Bougaïeff
    1984L’empire du sacre québécois. Étude sémiolinguistique d’un intensif populaire. Quebec: Presses de l’Université du Québec.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. López Díaz, Montserrat
    2009 Dysphémisme, euphémisme et humour. InAlicja Kacprzak & Jean-Pierre Goudaillier (eds.), Standard et périphéries de la langue, 137–146. Łask: Oficyna Wydawnicza Leksem.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Macy, Laura
    1996 Speaking of Sex: Metaphor and performance in the Italian madrigal. The Journal of Musicology14(1). 1–34. 10.2307/763955
    https://doi.org/10.2307/763955 [Google Scholar]
  25. Mulcahy, Nick
    2016Can we stop calling cancer the ‘Big C’?, Medspace.com, https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/861712 (16July 2020).
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Nyrop, Kristoffer
    1913Grammaire historique de la langue française, vol. 4 (Sémantique). Kopenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Reutner, Ursula
    2007 Les précieuses, ridicules ou non? Aspects de leur philosophie du langage. InAnnick Farina & Rachele Raus (eds.), Des mots et des femmes: Rencontres linguistiques. Actes de la journée d’études tenue à l’Université de Florence (1er décembre 2006), 123–134. Florence: Firenze University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 2009Sprache und Tabu: Interpretationen zu französischen und italienischen Euphemismen. Tübingen: Niemeyer. 10.1515/9783484971219
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783484971219 [Google Scholar]
  29. 2012a Descamando un camaleón conceptual: Un análisis del empleo del término políticamente (in)correcto en el diario español El País. InUrsula Reutner & Elmar Schafroth (eds.): Policital correctness. Aspetos politics, sociales, literarios y mediáticos de la censura lingüística, 123–156. Frankfurt: Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Reutner Ursula
    Reutner Ursula 2012b La asignación de la marca de eufemismo. Una comparación de todas las formas acotadas en el DGLE, el DRAE y el DUE. InPatricia Botta/Sara Pastor: Rumbos del hispanismo en el umbral del Cincuentenario de la AIH, vol.8: Lengua, 293–303. Rome: Bagatto.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Reutner, Ursula
    2013 “Nous, lexicographes, nous avons donc toujours tort”? Traitement de l’euphémisme dans le Petit Robert. Cahiers de lexicologie103. 167–192.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 2014 Eufemismo e lessicografia. L’esempio dello Zingarelli. Studi di lessicografia italianaXXXI. 317–344.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. 2021 Zum humoristischen Umgang mit COVID-19 in der Sprache. Zeitschrift für germanistische Linguistik49(2). 416–432. 10.1515/zgl‑2021‑2031
    https://doi.org/10.1515/zgl-2021-2031 [Google Scholar]
  34. Reutner, Ursula & Philipp Heidepeter
    2020Petits jeux, combat doux und fleurs écloses: Sexualität und ihre Kodierung im französischen Renaissancelied. Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie136(4). 974–995. 10.1515/zrp‑2020‑0054
    https://doi.org/10.1515/zrp-2020-0054 [Google Scholar]
  35. Rötzer, Florian
    2020Die neue Normalität: “Gewöhnt euch dran”, 10May 2020, https://www.heise.de/tp/features/Die-neue-Normalitaet-Gewoehnt-Euch-dran-4717934.html (6August 2020).
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Ruch, Willibald
    2018 Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability. Frontiers in Psychology9. 1–18. 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006 [Google Scholar]
  37. Sassoon, Siegfried
    1983The war poems of Siegfried Sassoon. Arranged and introduced by Rupert Hart-Davis. London: Faber and Faber.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Serianni, Luca
    2005Un treno di sintomi. I medici e le parole: percorsi linguistici nel passato e nel presente. Milan: Garzanti.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Spears, Richard A.
    1981Slang and euphemism. A dictionary of oaths, curses, insults, sexual slang and metaphor, racial slurs, drug talk, homosexual lingo, and related matters. New York: Jonathan David.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Stuttmann, Klaus
    2019Karikatur no. 6989, 06February 2019, https://www.stuttmann-karikaturen.de/karikatur/6989 (4August 2020).
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Thomas, Dylan
    1988Collected poems 1934–1953. Edited byWalford Davies and Ralph Maud. London: Dent.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Twitter
    Twitter 2014 = Tweet from 30 May 2014, https://twitter.com/parttimehappy/status/472475223150039040 (14July 2020).
  43. Twitter
    Twitter 2016 = Tweet from 11 August 2016, https://twitter.com/NikSput/status/763626717571379200 (14July 2020).
  44. Twitter
    Twitter 2019 = Tweet from 19 August 2019, https://twitter.com/Luisbully1/status/1163333986128715776 (14July 2020).
  45. Twitter
    Twitter 2020 = Tweet from 01 July 2020, https://twitter.com/camiabrilB/status/1267311332703043584 (14July 2020).
  46. Wald, Elijah
    2018 Taboo language used as banter. InKeith Allan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, 334–352. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.18
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808190.013.18 [Google Scholar]
  47. van Orden, Kate
    1995 Sexual discourse in the Parisian chanson: A libidinous aviary. Journal of the American Musicological Society48(1). 1–41. 10.2307/3128849
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3128849 [Google Scholar]
  48. Youtube
    Youtube 2020 = FPÖ TV. 2020. Corona-Krise: Nein zu einer “neuen Normalität”!, 22April 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BoIdARTZekI (6August 2020).
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/pc.20027.hei
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/pc.20027.hei
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): context-dependency; entertainment; euphemism; humour; typology
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error