Volume 9, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0929-0907
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9943
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Of general interest, this study confirms the syntactic manifestation of the interpersonal dynamics of the participants in discourseand of their high-level cognitive processes therein. More specifically, this study formalizes categories of the Spanish indicativeand subjunctive in a cognitive map based on the deictic organization of the Spanish mood system. This cognitive map, based ona pragmasyntactic approach to mood use, allows us to view mood in Spanish as a mechanism that establishes metaphoricaldistance from the individual’s here and now. This study treats the indicative and subjunctive moods of Spanish withspecial attention to the so-called ‘factive’ clauses [those clauses subordinated to matrices of subjective commentsuch as me alegro que (I am glad that), es bueno que (It is good that), no me gusta que (I don’tlike it that), etc. and mental act matrices such as darse cuenta de que (to realize that), tomar en consideraciónque (to take into account that), etc.]. We propose an approach to analyzing mood use that is based on the information valueof an utterance in discourse. In considering information value we take into account (a) Lambrecht’s (1994) work featuringpresuppositions as inherent parts of certain syntactical structures; (b) Mejías-Bikandi’s (1994) claim that thesubjective comment structure in Spanish (subjective comment + que + clause marked with subjunctive) inherentlycontains a pragmatic presupposition; (c) Mejías-Bikandi’s reaffirmation that assertion is the role of the indicativeand non-assertion is the role of the subjunctive in Spanish; (d) Lunn’s (1988, 1989a & b) suggestion that theindicative is used to assert propositions with high information value while the subjunctive’s role is to not assertpropositions with low information value; and (e) Lambrecht’s (1994) ideas on what constitutes information. We assume thatnon-assertion, including pragmatic presupposition, and asserted propositions work together to create the relative informationvalue of utterances. We show how the information value of utterances can be organized by means of deixis to create a cognitivemap. The graphic design for the three dimensional version, which incorporates the notion of the time line with that ofmetaphorical distance from any individual’s deictic center, was inspired by Langacker’s (1991) Cognitive Gram-mar.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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