1887
Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

This paper looks at the meaning of silence within the Akan speech community. It discusses two types of silence (1) and (2) . The positive attributes of silence as a communicative strategy will be explored. The paper outlines the various communicative situations in Akan society in which silence is employed, highlighting religious, social and linguistic aspects. Attention is drawn to indigenous expressions to describe silence. In passing, I will also compare the Akan data with other African societies and cultures outside Africa. The paper finally discusses silence vs. talk, silence and gender, and the acquisition of silence as a form of socialisation and communicative competence.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.12.1.03agy
2002-01-01
2019-10-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Agyekum, Kofi
    (1996) Akan verbal taboos in the context of the ethnography of communication. M. Phil. Thesis. University of Trondheim, Norway.
  2. Amory, Deborah P
    (1985) The Kanga coth and Swahili society. M.A. Thesis. Yale University.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bauman, Richard
    (1983) Let your words be few: Symbolism of speaking and silence among seventeenth-century Quakers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Barnlund, Dean C
    (1989) Communicative Style of Japanese and American: Images and Realities. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Basso, Keith
    (1972) To give up on words: Silence in Western Apache culture. In Giglioli (ed.), Language in Social Context. United Kingdom: Penguin, pp. 67-86.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Biko, Steve
    (1997) For God’s sake, let us remember (ii). InGhanaian Chronicle (May 2nd - May 8th 1977) Accra General Portfolio Ltd. Page 3.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bonvillain, N
    (1993) Language, Culture and Communication. Englewood: Prentice Hall Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Fox, J.J
    (1974) Our ancestors spoke in pairs: Routines views of language, dialect and code. In Bauman and Sherzer (eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Guverich, Zaly
    (1989) Distance and conversation. Symbolic Interaction12: 61-67.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Holy Bible
    (1984) New International Version. Michigan: Zonderrvan Publishing House.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Irvine, Judith T
    (1989) Strategies of status manipulation in Wolof greeting. In Richard Bauman Joel Sherzer and(eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking. Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 167-191. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611810.014
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611810.014 [Google Scholar]
  12. Jaworski, Adam
    (1997) Metacommunicative and metaphorical silences. In Adam Jaworski (ed.), Silence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Studies in Anthropological Linguistics 10. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 381-401. doi: 10.1515/9783110821918
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110821918 [Google Scholar]
  13. Johansen, Richard
    (1974) The functions of silence: A plea for communicative research. Western Speech38, 27.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kurzon, D
    (1995) The right of silence: A sociopragmatic model of interpretation. InJournal of Pragmatics23: 55-69. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(94)00036‑E
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(94)00036-E [Google Scholar]
  15. Lebra, Takie Sugiyama
    (1987) The cultural significance of silence in Japanese communication. Multilingual6.4: 343-57. doi: 10.1515/mult.1987.6.4.343
    https://doi.org/10.1515/mult.1987.6.4.343 [Google Scholar]
  16. Maltz, Daniel N
    (1985) Joyful noise and reverent silence: The significance of noise in Pentecostal worship. In D. Tannen and M. Saville (eds.), Perspectives of Silence. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 113-137.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Nida, E.A
    (1984) Signs, Sense and Translation. Cape Town: Bible Society of South Africa.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Nwoye, Gregory
    (1985) Eloquent silence among the Igbo of Nigeria. In D. Tannen and M. Saville (eds.), Perspectives on Silence. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 185-191.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Opoku, A.A
    (1970) Festivals of Ghana. Accra: Ghana Publishing Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Samovar, Larry A. and Richard E. Porter
    (1995) Communication Between Cultures. 2nd edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Sarpong, Peter
    (1971) The Sacred Stools of the Akan. Accra-Tema: Ghana Publishing Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (1974) Ghana in Retrospect: Some Aspects of Ghanaian Culture. Accra-Tema: Ghana Publishing Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Saville-Troike, M
    (1985) The places of silence in an integrated theory of communication. In D. Tannen and M. Saville-Troike (eds.), Perspectives on Silence. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 3-18.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. (1989) The Ethnography of Communication: An Introduction. 2nd edition. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sifianou, Maria
    (1997) Silence and politeness in silence: Interdisciplinary perspectives. In Adam Jaworski (ed.), Studies in Anthropological Linguistics 10. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 63-84.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Szuchewycz, Bohdan
    (1997) Silence in ritual communication. In Adam Jaworski (ed.), Silence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Studies in Anthropological Linguistics 10. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 239-260.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Tannen, Deborah
    (1995) Talking for 9 to 5. USA: William Morrow & Co. Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. (1985) Silence: Anything but. In D. Tannen and M. Saville (eds.), Perspectives on Silence. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex, pp. 93-111.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Verschueren, Jef
    (1985) What people say and do with words. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Wardhaugh, Ronald
    (1985) How Conversation Works. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. (1992) An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 2nd edition. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Yankah, Kwesi
    (1989) The Proverb in the Context of Akan Rhetoric: A Theory of Proverb Praxis. New York: Peter Lang Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. (1995) Speaking for the Chief: Okyeame and the Politics of Akan Royal Oratory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.12.1.03agy
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Communicative interaction , Indirection , Interlocutors and Silence
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error