1887
Volume 15, Issue 2-3
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

This paper will account for the interaction between syntax and semantics/pragmatics in the speech styles of Balinese. The analysis makes use of an explicit representation that accounts for the co-occurrence restrictions on linguistic expressions which are imposed by social information associated with the speech- level system. It is proposed that social information be treated in terms of social predicates and modelled using LFG-style parallel structures. The social predicates are contained in what is called pragmatic-structure (prag-str). It is demonstrated that this approach can account for the plain as well as the (dis)honouring use of linguistic forms in Balinese.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.15.2-3.02ark
2005-01-01
2019-08-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Ananda Kusuma, S.R
    (1986) Kamus bahasa Bali. Denpasar: CV Kayumas.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Arka, I Wayan
    (2003) Balinese morphosyntax: A lexical-functional approach. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (1998) From morphosyntax to pragmatics in Balinese. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Sydney.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Artawa, I Ketut
    (1994) Ergativity and Balinese syntax. Ph.D. thesis, La Trobe University.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Barber, C.C
    (1977) A grammar of the Balinese languagevol. I and II. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Beratha, Ni Luh Sutjiati
    (1992) Evolution of verbal morphology in Balinese. Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bresnan, Joan
    (1982) Control and complementation. In J. Bresnan (ed.), The mental representation of grammatical relations. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, pp. 282-390.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (2001) Lexical functional syntax. London: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Brown, Penelope , and Stephen C. Levinson
    (1987) Politeness: Some universals in language use. London: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Choi, Hye-Won
    (1996) Optimizing structure in context: Scrambling and information structure. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Clynes, Adrian
    (1989) Speech styles in Javanese and Balinese: A comparative study. MA thesis, Australian National University.
  12. (1995) Topics in the phonology and morphosyntax of Balinese. Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Comrie, Bernard
    (1975) Polite plurals and predicate agreement. Language51: 406-418. doi: 10.2307/412863
    https://doi.org/10.2307/412863 [Google Scholar]
  14. Dalrymple, Mary
    (2001) Syntax and semantics, vol 34: Lexical functional grammar. San Diego: Academic Press. doi: 10.1163/9781849500104
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9781849500104 [Google Scholar]
  15. Eun, Jong Oh , and Susan Strauss
    (2004) The primacy of information status in the alternation between deferential and polite forms in Korean public discourse. Language Sciences251-272. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2003.02.003
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2003.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  16. Falk, Yehuda N
    (2001) Lexical-functional grammar. Stanford: CSLI.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Foley, William A
    (1994) Information Structure. In R.E. Asher & J.M.Y. Simpson (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 1678-1685.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Givón, Talmy
    (1990) Syntax: A functional-typological introduction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700010434
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700010434 [Google Scholar]
  19. (1995) Functionalism and grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Goris, Roelof
    (1954) Prasasti Bali. Bandung: Lembaga Bahasa dan Budaya / Masa Baru.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hunter, Thomas Marshall
    (1988) Balinese language: Historical background and contemporary state. Ph.D. thesis: Michigan University.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kathol, Andreas
    (1999) Agreement and the syntax-morphology interface in HPSG. In Robert D. Levine and Georgia M. Green (eds.), Studies in contemporary phrase structure grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.223-274.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Keenan, Edward L. , and Bernard Comrie
    (1977) Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. Linguistic Inquiry8: 63-99.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kersten, J
    (1970) Tatabahasa Bali. Flores: Arnoldus.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lakoff, George , and Mark Johnson
    (1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Leech, Geoffrey N
    (1983) Principles of pragmatics. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Levinson, Stephen C
    (1983) Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lyons, John
    (1986) Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Morgan, J.L
    (1978) Two types of conventions in indirect speech acts. In P. Cole (ed.), Syntax and semantics: Pragmatics. New York: Academic Press, pp. 261-280.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Oka Granoka, I.W. , I.B. Udara Naryana , I.W. Jendra , I.N. Medra , I.G.N. Putra Yasa , and I.W. Bawa
    (1985) Tata bahasa Bali. Denpasar: Proyek Pengembangan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia dan Daerah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Park, Byong-Soo
    (1991) The semantic and pragmatic nature of honorific agreement in Korean. Paper presented at The Sixth Japanese-Korean Conference on Formal Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Pastika, I Wayan
    (1999) Voice selection in Balinese narrative discourse. Ph.D. thesis, Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Pollard, Carl , and Ivan A. Sag
    (1994) Head-driven phrase structure grammar. California: CSLI P and University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Simpen, I Wayan
    (1985) Kamus bahasa Bali. Denpasar: PT Mabhakti.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Traugott, Elizabeth Closs , and Ekkehard Köenig
    (1991) The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization revisited. In E.C. Traugott and B. Heine (eds), Approaches to grammaticalization, volume 1. Amsterdam, John Benjamins, pp. 189-218. doi: 10.1075/tsl.19.1.10clo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.19.1.10clo [Google Scholar]
  36. Wang, Hahn-Sok
    (1990) Toward a description of the organisation of Korean speech levels. International Journal of the Sociology of Language82: 25-39.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Warna, I Wayan , et al
    (1993) Kamus Bali-Indonesia. Denpasar: Dinas Pendidikan Dasar Propinsi Dati I Bali.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.15.2-3.02ark
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error