1887
A closer look at cultural difference
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

This article investigates how participants accomplish interculturality (Nishizaka 1995, 1999; Mori 2003) when they engage in talk about Korean cultural practices involving labels and descriptions which construct one another’s national/ethnic identity. Within the framework of Membership Categorization Analysis (Sacks 1972, 1979, 1992), three segments of conversation were analyzed between Korean users of Japanese attending a Japanese university and their Japanese work colleagues or college friends. The analysis challenges key assumptions about intercultural conversation in several ways: 1) by demonstrating that interculturality is not always achieved in talk among speakers from different nations who have different first languages; 2) through illustrating how cultural expertise is often claimed by ‘non-members’ of the culture; and 3) by showing how presumed cultural experts do not always enact their cultural memberships, even in the face of cultural critique. The study reveals that the various membership categorizations that occur are contingent on how the participants respond to the assessment of various cultural practices. The findings of this study provide further awareness of how cross-cultural identity construction and interculturality are accomplished in talk.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.17.1.02zim
2007-01-01
2019-08-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Antaki, Charles , and Sue Widdicombe
    (eds.) (1998) Identities in talk. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Cook, Haruko M
    (2006) Joint construction of folk beliefs by JFL learners and Japanese host families. In Margaret DuFon & Eton Churchill (eds.), Language learners in study abroad contexts. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, pp. 120-150.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Day, Dennis
    (1998) Being ascribed, and resisted, membership of an ethnic group. In Charles Antaki & Sue Widdicombe (eds.), Identities in talk. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 151-170.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Goodwin, Charles
    (1981) Conversational organization: Interaction between speakers and hearers. New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. (1984) Notes on story structure and the organization of participation. In J.M. Atkinson & John Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 225-246.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. (1986) Audience, diversity, participation and interpretation. Text6: 283-316.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. (1987) Forgetfulness as an interactive resource. Social Psychology Quarterly 50.2: 115-131. doi: 10.2307/2786746
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2786746 [Google Scholar]
  8. Goodwin, Charles , and Marjorie H. Goodwin
    (1987) Concurrent operations on talk: Notes on the interactive organization of assessments. IPrA Papers in Pragmatics1.1: 1-54.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gumperz, John J
    (1982) Language and social identity (Vol. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hester, Stephen , and Peter Eglin
    (1997) Culture in action. Washington, D.C: International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis and University Press of America.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Iino, Masakazu
    (1996) Excellent Foreigner!": Gaijinization of Japanese language and culture in contact situations - An ethnographic study of dinner table conversations between Japanese host families and American students. Unpublished Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Mori, Junko
    (2003) The construction of interculturality: A study of initial encounters between Japanese and American students. Research on Language and Social Interaction 36.2: 143-184. doi: 10.1207/S15327973RLSI3602_3
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327973RLSI3602_3 [Google Scholar]
  13. Nishizaka, Aug
    (1995) The interactive constitution of interculturality: How to be a Japanese with words. Human Studies18.2-3: 301-326. doi: 10.1007/BF01323214
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01323214 [Google Scholar]
  14. (1999) Doing interpreting within interaction: The interactive accomplishment of a “henna gaijin” or “strange foreigner.” Human Studies22.2-4: 235-251. doi: 10.1023/A:1005492518477
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005492518477 [Google Scholar]
  15. Sacks, Harvey
    (1972) An initial investigation of the usability of conversational data for doing sociology. In David Sudnow (ed.), Studies in social interaction. New York: The Free Press, pp. 31-74.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. (1979) Hotrodder: A revolutionary new category. In George Psathas (ed.), Everyday language: Studies in ethnomethodology. New York: Irvington, pp. 7-14.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (1992) Lectures on conversation, Vol. 1 & 2. In Gail Jefferson (ed.). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
  18. Schegloff, Emmanuel A
    (1972) Notes on a conversational practice: Formulating place. In P.P. Giglioli (ed.), Language and social context. New York: Penguin books, pp. 95-135.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. ten Have, Paul
    (1999) Doing conversation analysis: A practical guide. London: Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.17.1.02zim
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error