Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238


Speakers of Kalapalo, a Southern Carib language spoken in central Brazil, use a complex set of grammatical particles to reference epistemic judgments. Using data from narratives, hereditary leader’s ritual communication, ritual songs, conversations, and didactic speech, I use deictic and stance concepts to understand the semantics of this system. A focus on discursive practice illustrates how various intersubjective stance processes are foregrounded by epistemic marking. The paper concludes with discussion of issues requiring further research.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Carib languages; Deixis; Epistemology; Stance
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