1887
Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to analyse formal and functional aspects of constructions based on a Justification (or Claim-Argument) coherence relation, explicitly marked by a connective. The prototype of this construction is an utterance like [“ There is somebody at home, because the lights are on”]. The empirical data are collected from an on-line corpus of contemporary written Portuguese (CETEMPúblico). Following Sanders et al.(2001), I assume the distinction between semantic and pragmatic coherence relations in text representation: Semantic relations connect the situations of the sociophysical world described by the propositional content of the related textual segments; pragmatic relations involve the illocutionary domain, i.e., the relation concerns the speech act status of the segments. Justification relation is a pragmatic relation and I argue that it requires simultaneously a sequence of speech acts and an inference process. In fact, Justification relations occur typically in argumentative contexts, and argumentation, according to van Eemeren & Grotendorst (1984), is a compound illocution, consisting of at least two functionally distinct statements: A main assertion corresponding to the claim being made and a subordinate assertion, which counts as an attempt by the speaker to justify his claim, convincing the listner of its acceptability. The claim being made in prototypical Justification constructions (p, because q) is an assumption, not a fact; it corresponds to a conclusion drawn by the speaker, supported by the premise expressed in the second clause and warranted by a generic implicit premise. The account presented in this paper contests Sweetser’s (1990) distinction between epistemic causal conjunctions and speech act causal conjunctions: The act of concluding may be speaker-internal, but since it is asserted and then justified, it is not possible to dissociate the epistemic and the illocutionary domains within the field of argumentative texts.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.19.2.05lop
2009-01-01
2019-10-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Eemeren, F. van , and R. Grootendorst
    (1984) Speech Acts in Argumentative Discussions. Dordrecht: Foris Publications. doi: 10.1515/9783110846089
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110846089 [Google Scholar]
  2. Kehler, A
    (2004) Discourse coherence. In G. Ward & L. Horn (eds.), The Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 241-265.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Mann, W.C. , and S.A. Thompson
    (1988) Rhetorical structure theory: Toward a functional theory of text organization. Text 8: 243-281.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Perelman, C. , and L. Olbrechts-Tyteca
    (1958) La nouvelle rhétorique: Traité de l’argumentation. Bruxelles: Université de Bruxelles.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Peres, J
    (1997) Sobre conexões proposicionais em Português. In A.M. Brito . et al . (eds.), Sentido que a vida faz. Estudos para Óscar Lopes. Porto: Campo das Letras, pp. 775-787.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Sanders, Ted , et al
    (2001) Text Representation. Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Aspects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/hcp.8
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/hcp.8 [Google Scholar]
  7. Sanders, T. , and W. Spooren
    (1999) Communicative intentions and coherence relations. In W. Bublitz , U. Lenk & E. Ventola (eds.), Coherence in text and discourse. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Jonh Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/pbns.63.18san
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.63.18san [Google Scholar]
  8. Sanders, T. , W. Spooren , and L. Noordman
    (1993) Coherence relations in a cognitive theory of discourse representation. Cognitive Linguistics4: 93-133. doi: 10.1515/cogl.1993.4.2.93
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1993.4.2.93 [Google Scholar]
  9. Sweetser, Eve
    (1990) From Etymology to Pragmatics. Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620904
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620904 [Google Scholar]
  10. Zubizarreta, M.L
    (1998) Prosody, focus and word order. Cambridge, Mass.:The MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.19.2.05lop
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Cause , Coherence relations , Content domain , Epistemic domain , Illocutionary domain and Justification
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error