Language, discourse and identities
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238


Language ideology as a field of inquiry (Woolard et al. 1998: 3) involves, among others, the critical analysis of inequalities manifest in discursive and textual practices. This paper deals with folklore practices and language ideologies related to the project for the collection and publication of oral traditions in 1930s Greece. The institutionalization of this project relied heavily on G.Chatzidakis (1890-1923), Professor of Linguistics and N.G. Politis (1852-1921), Professor of Comparative Mythology at the University of Athens whose works arguably created an orthodox model of folklore text-making. Instead, though, of focusing on the orthodox metadiscourse or practices of these two central figures to the project, I will turn to their localization by a philologist engaged in the collection of vernacular forms in a Maniat village (Southern Peloponnese). The turn to local practices seeks to uncover features of orthopraxy (Blommaert 2003), that is adaptations which although guided by the orthodox model at the surface level, can be related to acts of identity, expressing resistance to hegemonic ideologies, revealing inequality in the distribution of resources or in gate-keeping restrictions.The analysis draws on the personal archives of I. Strilakos from the period 1930-35, which include three notebooks and a manuscript collection of Maniat lament verbal art. The approach of the archives is based on the examination of Strilakos’ entextualization practices, a term that refers to the way that textual ‘shape’ is given to extracted stretches of discourse (see Bauman and Briggs 1990). The systematic examination of local folklore entextualization practices sheds light on the mediated ways in which ‘authentic’ voices become indexes of nationally subsumed regional identities.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Bauman, R. , and Ch. Briggs
    (2003) Voices of modernity. Language ideologies and the politics of inequality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511486647
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486647 [Google Scholar]
  2. Blommaert, J
    (2003) Orthopraxy, writing and identity: Shaping lives through borrowed genres in Congo. In Pragmatics (International Pragmatics Association)13.1: 33-48.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (2005) Discourse. A critical introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511610295
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610295 [Google Scholar]
  4. Briggs, Ch
    (1993) Metadiscursive practices and scholarly authority in folkloristics. The Journal of American Folklore106.422: 387-434. doi: 10.2307/541905
    https://doi.org/10.2307/541905 [Google Scholar]
  5. Coupland, N
    (2003) Sociolinguistic authenticities: Contextualising ‘the authentic speaker’. Journal of Sociolinguistics7.3: 417-431. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00233
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00233 [Google Scholar]
  6. Δίκτυο Μουσείων Μάνης
    (2004) Μανιάτικοι Οικισμοί. (Maniat Settlements). Αθήνα: ΚΑΠΟΝ.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Heath, B.S
    (1983) Ways with words: Language, life and work in communities and classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Herzfeld, M
    (1982) Ours once more. Folklore, ideology, and the making of Modern Greece. Texas: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Κουτσιλιέρης, Ανάργυρος
    (1997) Μοιρολόγια της Μάνης. Μνημεία γλωσσικά-ιστορικά (Laments from Mani. Monuments of language-history). Αθήνα: Μπεκάκος.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Mackridge, P
    (2004) 'Sie sprechen wie ein Buch': G.N. Chatzidakis (1848-1941) and the defence of Greek diglossia. Kampos12: 69-87.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Μirambel, A
    (1929) Étude descriptive du parler Maniote Méridional. Paris: E. De Boccard.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Πατσουράκος, Ιωάννης
    (1910) Η Μάνη και οι Μανιάται. (Mani and Maniats). Πειραιάς.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Πολίτης, Αλέξης
    (1984) Η ανακάλυψη των δημοτικών τραγουδιών. Προϋποθέσεις, προσπάθειες και η δημιουργία της πρώτης συλλογής. (The discovery of folk songs. Conditions, attempts and the creation of the first collection). Αθήνα.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Πολίτης, Γ. Ν
    (1920) Λαογραφικά σύμμεικτα 1. (Folklore miscellaneous). Αθήνα.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Πολίτης, Γ.Ν
    (1914) Εκλογαί από τα τραγούδια του Ελληνικού Λαού. (Selections from the songs of the Greek Folk). Αθήναι: Εκδόσεις Βαγιονάκη (6η έκδοση).
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Shuman, A
    (1993) Collaborative writing: Appropriating power or reproducing Authority?In B. Street (ed.), Cross-cultural approaches to literacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Silverstein, M. , and G. Urban
    (1996) Natural histories of discourse. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Street, B
    (1995) Social literacies. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Τριανταφυλλίδης, Μανόλης
    (1978) [1941] Νεοελληνική Γραμματική (της Δημοτικής). (Modern Greek Grammar (of the Demotic)). Θεσσαλονίκη: Ινστιτούτο Νεοελληνικών Σπουδών.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. (1938) Νεοελληνική Γραμματική, Α΄. Ιστορική Εισαγωγή. (Modern Greek Grammar A΄, Historical introduction). Αθήνα.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Τσοπανάκης, Αγαπητός
    (1987) Προβλήματα της δημοτικής: το τελικό -ν. (Problems of the demotic: The final -n). Θεσσαλονίκη: Εκδοτικός Οίκος Αδελφών Κυριακίδη.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Herzfeld, M
    (1996) National spirit or the breath of nature? The expropriation of folk positivism in the discourse of Greek nationalism. In M. Silverstein , and G. Urban (eds.), Natural histories of discourse. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Woolard, K.A. , B.B. Schieffelin , and P.V. Kroskrity
    (eds.) (1998) Language ideologies. Practice and Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Φιλήντας, Μένος
    (1907) Γραμματική της Ρωμαϊκής γλώσσας, Α΄. (Grammar of the Roman language, Α΄). Αθήνα.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Entextualization; Identity; Language ideologies; Orthodoxy; Orthopraxy; Vernacular Greek
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error