1887
Volume 30, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The basis of this study is the view that social ritual practices embody and reinforce the moral order of communities. It takes a step towards providing more empirical research on the ritual practices in lesser studied languages by examining ethnographic data collected during marriage ceremonies in Tehran. Extracts taken from marriage ceremonies and a film extract are examined in terms of and , elements identified in Kádár’s definition of ritual (2017). The paper makes a theoretical contribution by showing that can also be considered an important facet of ritual. In ritual practices connected with marriage, ostensivity is experienced by participants and observers as a means of maintaining the moral order. The paper proposes future areas of research for the theoretical refinement of the concept of ostensivity and further examination of the relationship that ostensivity has with (Iranian ritual politeness) and face.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.19021.kou
2019-12-18
2020-06-06
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Asdjoodi, Minoo
    2001 “A Comparison Between Ta’arof in Persian and Limao in Chinese.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language148: 71–92.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Assadi, Reza
    1980 “Deference: Persian Style.” Anthropological Linguistics22: 221–224.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beeman, William O.
    1986Language, Status and Power in Iran. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bucar, Elizabeth M.
    2012 “Saving Face: Navigating Landmines with Ritual Politeness.” History of Religions52 (1): 31–48. 10.1086/665962
    https://doi.org/10.1086/665962 [Google Scholar]
  5. Collins, Randall
    2004Interactional Ritual Chains. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press. 10.1515/9781400851744
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400851744 [Google Scholar]
  6. Durkheim, Émile
    1912 [1954/2001]The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Trans. byCarol Cosman. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Goffman, Erving
    1959The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 1967Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior. New York: Anchor Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 1972 “On Face-Work: An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction.” InCommunication in Face-to-Face Interaction, ed. byJ. Laver, and S. Hutcheson, 319–346. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gu, Yueguo
    1990 “Politeness Phenomena in Modern Chinese.” Journal of Pragmatics14 (2): 237–257. 10.1016/0378‑2166(90)90082‑O
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(90)90082-O [Google Scholar]
  11. Hodge, C.
    1957 “Some Aspects of Persian Style.” Language33: 355–369. 10.2307/411158
    https://doi.org/10.2307/411158 [Google Scholar]
  12. Ide, Risako
    1998 “‘Sorry for your Kindness’: Japanese Interactional Ritual in Public Discourse.” Journal of Pragmatics29 (5): 509–529. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(98)80006‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(98)80006-4 [Google Scholar]
  13. Ide, Sachiko
    1989 “Formal Forms and Discernment: Two Neglected Aspects of Linguistic Politeness.” Multilingua8: 223–248. 10.1515/mult.1989.8.2‑3.223
    https://doi.org/10.1515/mult.1989.8.2-3.223 [Google Scholar]
  14. Jahangiri, Nader
    1980 “A Sociolinguistic Study of Tehrani Persian.” Unpublished PhD thesis, University of London.
  15. Kádár, Daniel Z.
    2013Relational Rituals and Communication: Ritual Interaction in Groups. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230393059
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230393059 [Google Scholar]
  16. 2017Politeness, Impoliteness and Ritual: Maintaining the Moral Order in Interpersonal Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781107280465
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781107280465 [Google Scholar]
  17. Kádár, Daniel Z., and Michael Haugh
    2013Understanding Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139382717
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139382717 [Google Scholar]
  18. Kertzer, David I.
    1988Ritual, Politics and Power. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Koutlaki, Sofia A.
    1997 “The Persian System of Politeness and the Persian Folk Concept of Face, with Some Reference to EFL Teaching to Iranian Native Speakers.” Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Wales College of Cardiff.
  20. 2002 “Offers and Expressions of Thanks as Face Enhancing Acts: Ta’arof in Persian.” Journal of Pragmatics34: 1733–1756. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(01)00055‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(01)00055-8 [Google Scholar]
  21. 2009 “Two Sides of the Same Coin: How the Notion of ‘Face’ is Encoded in Persian Communication.” InFace, Communication and Social Interaction, ed. byF. Bargiela-Chiappini and M. Haugh, 115–133. London: Equinox.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Locher, Miriam, and Andreas Langlotz
    2008 “Relational Work at the Intersection of Cognition, Interaction and Emotion”. Bulletin vals-asla, bulletin Suisse de la linguistique appliquee. 88: 165–91.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Malinowski, Bronislaw
    1923 “The Problem of Meaning in Primitive Languages” InC. K. Ogden and I. A. RichardsThe Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism. Oxford: Harcourt Brace.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Matsumoto, Yoshiko
    1988 Reexamination of the Universality of Face: Politeness Phenomena in Japanese. Journal of Pragmatics12: 403–426. 10.1016/0378‑2166(88)90003‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(88)90003-3 [Google Scholar]
  25. 1989 Politeness and Conversational Universals – Observations from Japanese. Multilingua, 8: (2/3), 207–221. doi:  10.1515/mult.1989.8.2‑3.207
    https://doi.org/10.1515/mult.1989.8.2-3.207 [Google Scholar]
  26. Ohashi, Jun
    2008 “Linguistic Rituals for Thanking in Japanese: Balancing Obligations.” Journal of Pragmatics40 (12): 2150–2174. 10.1016/j.pragma.2008.04.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.04.001 [Google Scholar]
  27. 2013Thanking and Politeness in Japanese: Balancing Acts in Interaction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137009876
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137009876 [Google Scholar]
  28. Senft, Gunter, and Eileen Basso
    2009Ritual Communication. Oxford: Berg.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Taylor, Paul Beekman
    1994 “Repetition as Cure in Native American story: Silko’s Ceremony and Momaday’s The Ancient Child.” SPELL: Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature7: 221–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Turner, Victor
    1969The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure. New Brunswick and London: Transactions.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Whuthnow, Robert
    1989Meaning and Moral Order. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.19021.kou
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/prag.19021.kou
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error