Volume 31, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238



It is generally put forth that Spanish has the subjunctive as the required mood in the complements of emotive-factives ( ‘to be happy that’), desire verbs ( ‘to want’), verbs of uncertainty ( ‘to doubt’), modals ( ‘to be possible that’), causatives ( ‘to make that’), and directives ( ‘to recommend that’) (e.g., Real Academia Española 2011). However, in spite of these traditional rules, it has been observed that some of these environments allow for the indicative (Blake 1981Crespo del Río 2014Deshors and Waltermire 2019Gallego and Alonso-Marks 2014García and Terrell 1977Gregory and Lunn 2012Kowal 2007Lipski 1978Silva-Corvalán 1994; Waltermire 2019). The current study explored one such environment; emotive-factive clauses. Results showed that the presuppositions that speakers hold regarding the knowledge that their addressees possess influence the mood that they select. This, thus, demonstrates the important role that pragmatics plays in the occurrence of mood variation.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): emotive-factives; indicative; mood variation; Spanish; subjunctive; verbal mood
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