Volume 31, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238



This article explores grammatical and functional properties of -nominalizations in Japanese ‘youth language.’ In the standard variety, the suffix - nominalizes an adjective stem: ‘deep-’ (= ‘profoundness’). This suffix is also used in youth language, but its productivity has expanded considerably. To mention a few, - applies to not only an adjective (stem) but also a verb, a noun, a pronoun, their phrasal counterparts, and even an onomatopoeia. We claim that these properties of - are flexibly captured in the framework of nominalization recently proposed by Masayoshi Shibatani. This framework leads us to describe further unique properties of -nominalization, such as “double nominalization” where an already-nominalized form undergoes a further nominalization process and the “sentential use” of a nominalized structure where a nominalized element functions as a sentence, with which an illocutionary speech act is performed.


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