Volume 32, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238



Providing a corpus-based analysis of the contrastive connective - in Korean, this study demonstrates that global connections are as frequent as local connections as opposed to previous literature. In representing various senses possible with a - connection, this study adopts a fuzzy representation, where meanings range from conceptual to discoursal. The identified meanings include explicit contrast, denial of expectation, speech act hedges and idiomatic expressions. The fuzzy representation is supported for at least two reasons. First, categorization of some cases is often blurred. Second, it can better capture the relatedness of various meanings whose enduring sense concerns ‘contrast’. It is further revealed that interpretations of phrases are compositionally made with co-occurring linguistic units. The “pragmatic” meanings of constructions are explained in terms of different levels of representations in which the contrast occurs. We further investigate the possibility of as a stance/discourse marker with accompanying expressions.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): -ciman; concessivity; contrast; fuzzy representation; Korean; stance marker
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