1887
Reframing framing
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

Building on the theoretical frameworks of frame and stance, this paper aims to demonstrate how play framing is manipulated in culturally meaningful contexts of Japanese conversations among friends and to show the consequences it brings to social life. This study particularly focuses on speech style shifts across speakers as one of the linguistic play-framing devices. The notion of “complementary stylistic resonance” as a special kind of pragmatic resonance is introduced to investigate how speech participants meta-linguistically signal their common stance of constructing a play frame. It was observed that in play they characteristically use the speech style of each imagined persona in a complementary social relationship such as “teacher and student,” “husband and wife,” and “American male and female in the dubbing register.” The ideologies of those dichotomized social roles are spontaneously evoked between the speakers through meta-language practice, resulting in solidifying their ideologies. Furthermore, in play, speech styles of those social roles are exaggerated and maximally contrasted within the pairs so that their identities are easily recognized by the speech partners to successfully co-construct the play at hand and to enhance its humorous effects. Although there may be a gap between ideology and reality, complementary stylistic resonance in play helps speech participants reconstruct their language ideologies of socially salient roles in local language practice, which serves as the concrete and dynamic ground for the process of recreating a larger cognitive and interactive dimension of culture.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.21.2.04tak
2011-01-01
2019-10-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Agha, Asif
    (2001) Register. In Alessandro Duranti (ed.), Key terms in language and culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell, p.212-215.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. (2007) Language and social relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bakhtin, Mikhail M
    (1981) The dialogic imagination: Four essays. Michael Holquist (ed.), C. Emerson and M. Holquist (trans.). Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bateson, Gregory
    (1972) A theory of play and fantasy. InSteps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. San Francisco: Chandler Publishing Company, pp. 177-193.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bauman, Richard
    (1977) Verbal art as performance. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bucholtz, Mary
    (1996) Geek the girl: Language, femininity and female nerds. In J. Ahlers , L. Bilmes , M. Chen , M. Oliver , N. Warner , and S. Werhteim (eds.), Gender and belief systems. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Women and Language Group, pp. 119-182.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bucholtz, Mary , and Kira Hall
    (2005) Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies7.4-5: 585-614. doi: 10.1177/1461445605054407
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445605054407 [Google Scholar]
  8. Du Bois, John W
    (1999) Activating affinities: Resonance in dialogic syntax. Paper presented at the Linguistics Colloquium , University of California, Santa Barbara.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (2002a) Stance and intersubjectivity in dialogic interaction. Paper presented at the Linguistics Colloquium , University of California, Santa Barbara.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (2002b) Stance and consequence. Paper presented at the American Anthropological Association , New Orleans.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. (2003) Stance and consequence in interaction. Paper presented at the Language, Interaction, and Social Organization Colloquium , University of California, Santa Barbara.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. (2006) Transcription convention updates. Retrieved fromwww.linguistics.ucsb.edu/projects/transcription/A05updates.pdf.
  13. (2007) The stance triangle. In Robert Englebretson (ed.), Stancetaking in discourse: Subjectivity, evaluation, interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 139-182. doi: 10.1075/pbns.164.07du
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164.07du [Google Scholar]
  14. Du Bois, J.W. , S. Schuetze-Coburn , S. Cumming , and D. Paolino
    (1993) Outline of discourse transcription. In J.A. Edwards and M.D. Lampert (eds.), Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse research. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 45-89.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Eckert, Penelope
    (2000) Linguistic variation as social practice. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Eckert, Penelope , and John R. Rickford
    (eds.) (2001) Style and sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Englebretson, Robert
    (ed.) (2007) Stancetaking in discourse: Subjectivity, evalutaion, interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/pbns.164
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164 [Google Scholar]
  18. Ervin-Tripp, Susan
    (1972) On sociolinguistic rules: Alternation and co-occurrence. In J. Gumperz and D. Hymes (eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, pp. 213-250.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Ferguson, Charles A
    (1977) Baby talk as a simplified register. In Catherine E. Snow and Charles A. Ferguson (eds.), Talking to children: Language input and acquisition. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 209-235.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. (1983) Sports announcer talk: Syntactic aspects of register variation. Language in Society12.2: 153-172. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500009787
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500009787 [Google Scholar]
  21. Goffman, Erving
    (1974) Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (1981) Forms of talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gumperz, John J
    (1982) Discourse strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611834
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611834 [Google Scholar]
  24. (1989a) Contextualization and understanding. In Alessandro Duranti and Charles Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 229-252.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. (1989b) Contextualization cues and metapragmatics: The retrieval of cultural knowledge. In C. Wiltshire , B. Music , and B. Craczyk (eds.), Chicago Linguistic Society 25: Papers from the parasession on language in context. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 10-35.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. (1996) The linguistic and cultural relativity of conversational inference. In John J. Gumperz and Stephen C. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking linguistic relativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 374-406.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hunston, Susan , and Geoff Thompson
    (eds.) (2000) Evaluation in text: Authorial stance and the construction of discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Irvine, Judith T
    (2001) "Style" as distinctiveness: The culture and ideology of linguistic differentiation. In Penelope Eckert and John R. Rickford (eds.), Style and sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 21-43.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Labov, William
    (1966) The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mendoza-Denton, Norma
    (1997) Chicana/Mexicana identity and linguistic variation: An ethnographic and sociolinguistic study of gang affiliation in an urban high school. Unpuglished Ph.D. dissertation. Stanford University, Department of Anthropology.
  31. (2001) Style. In Alessandro Duranti (ed.), Key terms in language and culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell, pp.235-237.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Rickford, John R. , and Penelope Eckert
    (2001) Introduction. In Penelope Eckert and John R. Rickford (eds.), Style and sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-18.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Sapir, Edward
    (1958) Speech as a personality trait. In David Mandelbaum (ed.), Selected writings of Edward Sapir in language, culture, and personality. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, pp. 533-543.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Schieffelin, Bambi B. , Kathryn A. Woolard , and Paul V. Kroskrity
    (eds.) (1998) Language ideologies: Practice and theory. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Sherzer, Joel
    (1990) Verbal art in San Blas: Kuna culture through its discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Silverstein, Michael
    (1979) Language structure and linguistic ideology. In Paul R. Clyne , William F. Hanks , and Carol L. Hofbauer (eds.), The elements: A parasession on linguistic units and levels. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, pp. 193-247.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. (1992) The uses and utility of ideology: Some reflections. In Paul Kroskrity , Bambi B. Schieffelin , and Kathryn A. Woolard (eds.), Special issue of Pragmatics2.3: 311-324.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Takanashi, Hiroko
    (2004) The interactional co-construction of play in Japanese conversation. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of California at Santa Barbara, Department of Linguistics.
  39. Tannen, Deborah
    (1984) Conversational style: Analyzing talk among friends. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. (ed.) (1993) Framing in discourse. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. ([1989] 2007) Talking the dog: Framing pets as interactional resources in family discourse. In Deborah Tannen , Shari Kendall , and Cynthia Gordon (eds.), Family talk: Discourse and identity in four American families. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.21.2.04tak
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Complementary stylistic resonance , Frame , Language ideologies , Play , Stance and Style
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error