Volume 23, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238


The purpose of this study is to show that direct speech in narratives introduced by “von wegen” (‘like’) and “nach dem Motto” (‘along the lines of’) can be analyzed as a powerful means to transform a stretch of talk into a massive “stance index” which transcends the boundaries between the narrator’s world and the narrated world in terms of narrative metalepsis. “Von wegen” and “nach dem Motto” are non-canonical reporting frames which are syntactically flexible and semantically facilitate a transformation of direct speech into a “category-animation”. For these reasons, they can be employed spontaneously in spoken talk-in-interaction and make it possible to shape a stretch of direct speech creatively in order to position oneself, other discourse participants and narrated characters as committed or non-committed to what is seen to be a relevant normative point of reference. The way direct speech introduced by “von wegen” and “nach dem Motto” can be used to construct positions in order to evaluate discourse participants and narrated characters can be grasped schematically by means of a slightly revised and extended version of Du Bois’ “stance triangle”.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Auer, Peter
    (1986) Kontextualisierung. Studium Linguistik19: 22-47.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. (1992) Introduction: John Gumperz' approach to contextualization. In P. Auer , and A. Di Luzio (eds.), The contextualization of language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 1-37. doi: 10.1075/pbns.22
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pbns.22 [Google Scholar]
  3. (1996) On the prosody and syntax of turn-continuations. In E. Couper-Kuhlen , and M. Selting (eds.), Prosody in conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 51-100.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. (2005) Projection in interaction and projection in grammar. Text – Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse 25.1: 7-36. doi: 10.1515/text.2005.25.1.7
    https://doi.org/10.1515/text.2005.25.1.7 [Google Scholar]
  5. (2006) "Increments and more". Anmerkungen zur augenblicklichen Diskussion über die Erweiterbarkeit von Turnkonstruktionseinheiten. In A. Deppermann , R. Fiehler , and T. Spranz-Fogasy (eds.), Grammatik und Interaktion. Radolfzell: Verlag für Gesprächsforschung, pp. 279-294.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bakhtin, Mikhail M
    (1984) Problems of Dostoevsky’s poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bamberg, Michael
    (1997) Positioning between structure and performance. Journal of Narrative and Life History7.1-4: 335-342.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (2004) Positioning with Davie Hogan. Stories, tellings, and identities. In C. Daiute , and C. Lightfoot (eds.), Narrative analysis. Studying the development of individuals in society. Thousand Oaks: Sage, pp. 135-157.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (2011a) Who am I? Narration and its contribution to self and identity. Theory & Psychology 21.1: 3-24. doi: 10.1177/0959354309355852
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354309355852 [Google Scholar]
  10. (2011b) Who am I? Big or small – shallow or deep? Theory & Psychology21.1: 122-129. doi: 10.1177/0959354309357646
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354309357646 [Google Scholar]
  11. (forthcoming) Narrative analysis. In H. Cooper (ed.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology. Washington: APA Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Banfield, Ann
    (1973) Narrative style and the grammar of direct and indirect speech. Foundations of Language 10.1: 1-39.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Barnes, Jonathan
    (1984) Complete works of Aristotle, Vol. 2. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Bolden, Galina
    (2004) The quote and beyond: defining boundaries of reported speech in conversational Russian. Journal of Pragmatics36: 1071-1118. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2003.10.015
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2003.10.015 [Google Scholar]
  15. Bredel, Ursula
    (1999) Erzählen im Umbruch. Studie zur narrativen Verarbeitung der "Wende" 1989. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Brünner, Gisela
    (1991) Redewiedergabe in Gesprächen. Deutsche Sprache 19.1: 1-15.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Buchstaller, Isabelle
    (2001) An alternative view of "like": Its grammaticalisation in conversational American English and beyond. Edinburgh working papers in applied linguistics11: 21-41.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Bücker, Jörg
    (2008) "Elf Freunde sollt ihr sein? Von wegen!" – nicht-präpositionale Spielarten mit "von wegen" als Projektorkonstruktionen in der deutschen Gegenwartssprache. GIDI Arbeitspapierreihe17.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. (2009) Quotativ-Konstruktionen mit "Motto" als Ressourcen für Selbst- und Fremdpositionierungen. In S. Günthner , and J. Bücker (eds.), Grammatik im Gespräch: Konstruktionen der Selbst- und Fremdpositionierung. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, pp. 215-247.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Bühler, Karl
    (1934/1978) Sprachtheorie. Die Darstellungsfunktion der Sprache. Frankfurt/Berlin/Wien: Ullstein, pp. 102-148.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Butters, Ronald
    (1980) Narrative "go" 'say'. American Speech55: 304-307. doi: 10.2307/454573
    https://doi.org/10.2307/454573 [Google Scholar]
  22. Clark, Herbert H
    (1996) Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620539
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620539 [Google Scholar]
  23. Clark, H.H. , and S.A. Brennan
    (1991) Grounding in communication. In L.B. Resnick , J.M. Levine , and S.D. Teasley (eds.), Perspectives on socially shared cognition. Washington: APA Books, pp. 127-149. doi: 10.1037/10096‑006
    https://doi.org/10.1037/10096-006 [Google Scholar]
  24. Cook-Gumperz, J. , & J.J. Gumperz
    (1978) Context in children's speech. In N. Waterson , and C. Snow (eds.), The Development of Communication. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 3-23.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Coulmas, Florian
    (1986) Reported speech: Some general issues. In Florian Coulmas (ed.), Direct and Indirect Speech. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 1-28. doi: 10.1515/9783110871968
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/9783110871968 [Google Scholar]
  26. Couper-Kuhlen, E. , and T. Ono
    (2007) Turn continuation in cross-linguistic perspective. Pragmatics17.4: 513-603.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Cukor-Avila, Patricia
    (2002) "She say", "she go", "she be like": Verbs of quotation over time in African American vernacular English. American Speech 77.1: 3-31. doi: 10.1215/00031283‑77‑1‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-77-1-3 [Google Scholar]
  28. D'Arcy, Alex
    (2004) Contextualizing St. John’s youth English within the Canadian quotative system. Journal of English Linguistics 32.4: 323-345. doi: 10.1177/0075424204269752
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0075424204269752 [Google Scholar]
  29. Davies, B. , and R. Harré
    (1990) Positioning: The discursive production of selves. Journal for the Theory Of Social Behaviour20.1: 43-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1468‑5914.1990.tb00174.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1990.tb00174.x [Google Scholar]
  30. Deppermann, Arnulf
    (2007) Playing with the voice of the other: Stylized "Kanaksprak" in conversations among German adolescents. In P. Auer (ed.), Style and social identities - Alternative approaches to linguistic heterogeneity. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 325-360.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Deppermann, A. , and G. Lucius-Hoene
    (2008) Positionierung als Verfahren der Interaktionskontrolle. Thematisierung, De-Thematisierung und symbolische Aufhebung des Abschieds in der letzten Stunde der Therapie "Amalie". Psychotherapie und Sozialwissenschaften10.1: 21-39.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Du Bois , John W
    (2007) The stance triangle. In R. Englebretson (ed.), Stancetaking in discourse. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 139-182. doi: 10.1075/pbns.164.07du
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.164.07du [Google Scholar]
  33. Duden
    (2009) Die Grammatik. Edited by the Dudenredaktion . Mannheim/Wien/Zürich: Dudenverlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Ebert, Karen
    (1986) Reported speech in some languages of Nepal. In F. Coulmas (ed.), Direct and Indirect Speech. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 145-159.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Ehmer, Oliver Steven
    (2011) Imagination und Animation: Die Herstellung mentaler Räume durch animierte Rede. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110237801
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110237801 [Google Scholar]
  36. Eriksson, Mats
    (1995) A case of grammaticalization in modern Swedish: The use of "ba" in adolescent speech. Language Sciences 17.1: 19-48. doi: 10.1016/0388‑0001(94)00015‑A
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0388-0001(94)00015-A [Google Scholar]
  37. Ferrara, K. , & B. Bell
    (1995) Sociolinguistic variation and discourse function of constructed dialogue introducers: The case of Be + like. American Speech 70.3: 265-290. doi: 10.2307/455900
    https://doi.org/10.2307/455900 [Google Scholar]
  38. Ford, C. , B. Fox , and S.A. Thompson
    (2002) Constituency and the grammar of turn increments. In C. Ford , B. Fox , and S.A. Thompson (eds.), The language of turn and sequence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 14-38.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Genette, Gérard
    (1972) Figures III. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. (2004) Métalepse. De la figure à la fiction. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Goblirsch, Martina
    (2005) Herstellung narrativer Identitäten durch biographische Strukturierung und Positionierung. Eine retold story aus der Jugendhilfe. Gesprächsforschung – Online-Zeitschrift zur verbalen Interaktion6: 196-221.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Golato, Andrea
    (2000) An innovative German quotative for reporting on embodied actions: "Und ich so"/"und er so" 'and I'm like/and he's like'. Journal of Pragmatics32: 29-54. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00030‑2
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00030-2 [Google Scholar]
  43. (2002) Self-quotation in German. Reporting on past decisions. In T. Güldemann , and M. von Roncador (eds.), Reported discourse. A meeting ground for different linguistic domains. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 49-70. doi: 10.1075/tsl.52.05gol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.52.05gol [Google Scholar]
  44. Greenbaum, Sidney , and Gerald Nelson
    (2002): An introduction to English grammar. Harlow: Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Güldemann, Tom
    (2008) Quotative indexes in African languages: A synchronic and diachronic survey. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110211450
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110211450 [Google Scholar]
  46. Günthner, Susanne
    (1997) Stilisierungsverfahren in der Redewiedergabe – Die "Überlagerung von Stimmen" als Mittel der moralischen Verurteilung in Vorwurfsrekonstruktionen. In M. Selting , and B. Sandig (eds.), Sprech- und Gesprächsstile. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, pp. 94-122.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. (1999) Polyphony and the "layering of voices" in reported dialogues. An analysis of the use of prosodic devices in everyday reported speech. Journal of Pragmatics31: 685-708. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(98)00093‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(98)00093-9 [Google Scholar]
  48. (2000) Vorwurfsaktivitäten in der Alltagsinteraktion. Grammatische, prosodische, rhetorisch-stilistische und interaktive Verfahren bei der Konstitution kommunikativer Muster und Gattungen. Tübingen: Niemeyer. doi: 10.1515/9783110919974
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110919974 [Google Scholar]
  49. (2002) Stimmenvielfalt im Diskurs: Formen der Stilisierung und Ästhetisierung in der Redewiedergabe. Gesprächsforschung – Online-Zeitschrift zur verbalen Interaktion3: 59-80.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Günthner, S. , and J. Bücker
    (2009) Grammatik im Gespräch: Konstruktionen der Selbst- und Fremdpositionierung. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Gumperz, John J
    (1992) Contextualization revisited. In P. Auer , and A. Di Luzio (eds.), The Contextualization of Language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 39-53. doi: 10.1075/pbns.22.04gum
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.22.04gum [Google Scholar]
  52. Hall Partee, Barbara
    (1973) The syntax and semantics of quotation. In S.R. Anderson , and P. Kiparsky (eds.), A festschrift for Morris Halle. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, pp. 410-418.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Harré, R. , and F. Moghaddam
    (2003) Introduction: The self and others in traditional psychology and in positioning theory. In R. Harré , and F. Moghaddam (eds.), The self and others: Positioning individuals and groups in personal, political, and cultural contexts. Westport/London: Praeger, pp. 1-11.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Harré, R. , F. Moghaddam , T. Pilkerton Cairnie , D. Rothbart , and S.R. Sabat
    (2009) Recent advances in positioning theory. Theory & Psychology19.1: 5-31. doi: 10.1177/0959354308101417
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354308101417 [Google Scholar]
  55. Harré, R. , and L. van Langenhove
    (1999) The dynamics of social episodes. In R. Harré , and L. van Langenhove (eds.), Positioning theory: Moral contexts of intentional action. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 1-13.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Harris, Marvin
    (1964) The nature of cultural things. New York: Random House.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. (1976) History and significance of the emic/etic distinction. Annual Review of Anthropology5: 329-350. doi: 10.1146/annurev.an.05.100176.001553
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.an.05.100176.001553 [Google Scholar]
  58. Headland, T.N. , K.L. Pike , and M. Harris
    (1990) Emics and Etics: The Insider/Outsider debate. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Heritage, John
    (1984) A change-of-state token and aspects of its sequential placement. In J. Maxwell Atkinson (ed.), Structures of social action. Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 299-345.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. (1988) Explanations as accounts: A conversation analytic perspective. In Charles Antaki (ed.), Analysing everyday explanation: A casebook of methods. London: Sage, pp. 127-144.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Holt, Elizabeth
    (1996) Reporting on talk: The use of direct reported speech in conversation. Research on language and social interaction 29.3: 219-245. doi: 10.1207/s15327973rlsi2903_2
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327973rlsi2903_2 [Google Scholar]
  62. (2000) Reporting and reacting: Concurrent responses to reported speech. Research on Language and Social Interaction 33.4: 425-454. doi: 10.1207/S15327973RLSI3304_04
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327973RLSI3304_04 [Google Scholar]
  63. (2009) Reported speech. In S. D'Hondt , J.-O. Östman , and J. Verschueren (eds.), The Pragmatics of Interaction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 190-205. doi: 10.1075/hoph.4.11hol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hoph.4.11hol [Google Scholar]
  64. Hutchby, I. , and R. Wooffitt
    (2008) Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Jefferson, Gail
    (1978) Sequential aspects of storytelling in conversation. In J. Schenkein (ed.), Studies in the organization of conversational interaction. New York: Academic Press, pp. 219-248. doi: 10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑623550‑0.50016‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-623550-0.50016-1 [Google Scholar]
  66. Kärkkäinen, Elise
    (2006) Stance taking in conversation: From subjectivity to intersubjectivity. Text 26.12: 699-731.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Klewitz, G. , and E. Couper-Kuhlen
    (1999) Quote – unquote? The role of prosody in the contextualization of reported speech sequences. Pragmatics9.4: 459-485.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Korobov, N. , and M. Bamberg
    (2004) Positioning a "mature" self in interactive practices: How adolescent males negotiate "physical attraction" in group talk. British Journal of Developmental Psychology22: 471-492. doi: 10.1348/0261510042378281
    https://doi.org/10.1348/0261510042378281 [Google Scholar]
  69. Kotthoff, Helga
    (1997) Erzählstile von mündlichen Witzen. Zur Erzielung von Komikeffekten durch Dialoginszenierungen und die Stilisierung sozialer Typen im Witz. In Margret Selting , and Barbara Sandig (eds.), Sprech- und Gesprächsstile. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, pp. 123-170.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. (2005) Konversationelle Karikaturen. In Werner Röcke , and Hans-Rudolf Velten (eds.), Lachgemeinschaften. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter, pp. 331-355.
    [Google Scholar]
  71. (2006) Witzige Darbietungen als Talk-Shows. In H. Kotthoff (ed.), Scherzkommunikation. Beiträge aus der empirischen Gesprächsforschung. Radolfzell: Verlag für Gesprächsforschung, pp. 145-191.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. (2008) Potentiale der Redewiedergabe. Muttersprache 1.118: 1-26.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Labov, William
    (1972) Language in the city. Studies in the Black English vernacular. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. (1997) Some further steps in narrative analysis. Journal of Narrative and Life History7.1-4: 395-415.
    [Google Scholar]
  75. Labov, W. , and J. Waletzky
    (1967) Narrative analysis: Oral versions of personal experience. In J. Helm (ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, pp. 12-44.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Lamerichs, J. , and H.F.M. te Molder
    (2009) "And then I’m really like…": "preliminary" self-quotations in adolescent talk. Discourse Studies11.4: 401-419. doi: 10.1177/1461445609105216
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445609105216 [Google Scholar]
  77. Lehmann, Christian
    (1995) Thoughts on grammaticalization. Unterschleissheim: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Lerner, Gene H
    (1991) On the Syntax of sentences-in-progress. Language in society20: 441-458. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500016572
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500016572 [Google Scholar]
  79. (2004) Collaborative turn sequences. In G.H. Lerner (ed.), Conversation analysis: studies from the first generation. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 225-256. doi: 10.1075/pbns.125
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/pbns.125 [Google Scholar]
  80. Li, Charles N
    (1986) Direct speech and indirect speech: A functional study. In F. Coulmas (ed.), Direct and Indirect Speech. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 29-45.
    [Google Scholar]
  81. Lucius-Hoene, G. , and A. Deppermann
    (2000) Narrative identity empiricized – a dialogical and positioning approach to autobiographical research interviews. Narrative Inquiry10.1: 199-222. doi: 10.1075/ni.10.1.15luc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ni.10.1.15luc [Google Scholar]
  82. (2004) Narrative Identität und Positionierung. Gesprächsforschung – Online-Zeitschrift zur verbalen Interaktion5: 166-183.
    [Google Scholar]
  83. Macauley, Ronald K. S
    (1987) Polyphonic monologues: Quoted direct speech in oral narratives. IPRA Papers in Pragmatics1/2: 1-34.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. Macauley, Ronald K.S
    (2001) "You're like 'why not'": The quotative expressions of Glasgow adolescents. Journal of Sociolinguistics 5.1: 3-21. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00135
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00135 [Google Scholar]
  85. Mathis, T. , and G. Yule
    (1994) Zero quotatives. Discourse Processes18.1: 63-76. doi: 10.1080/01638539409544884
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01638539409544884 [Google Scholar]
  86. Mayes, Patricia
    (1990) Quotation in spoken English. Studies in language 14.2: 325-363. doi: 10.1075/sl.14.2.04may
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.14.2.04may [Google Scholar]
  87. Mazeland, Harrie
    (2006) "Van" as a quotative in Dutch: Marking quotations as a typification. In T. Koole , J. Nortier , and B. Tahitu (eds.), Artikelen voor de 5e Sociolinguïstische Conferentie. Delft: Oburon, pp. 354-365.
    [Google Scholar]
  88. (2009) Positionsexpansionen: Die interaktionale Konstruktion von Stellungnahme-Erweiterungen in Arbeitsbesprechungen. In S. Günthner , and J. Bücker (eds.), Grammatik im Gespräch. Konstruktionen der Selbst- und Fremdpositionierung. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, pp. 185-211. doi: 10.1515/9783110213638.185
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110213638.185 [Google Scholar]
  89. Meehan, Teresa
    (1991) It's like "What's happening in the evolution of 'like'?" A theory of grammaticalization. Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics16: 37-51.
    [Google Scholar]
  90. Miller, P.J. , R. Potts , H. Fung , L. Hoogstra , and J. Mintz
    (1990) Narrative practices and the social construction of self in childhood. American Ethnologist17.2: 292-311. doi: 10.1525/ae.1990.17.2.02a00060
    https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.1990.17.2.02a00060 [Google Scholar]
  91. Norrick, Neal R
    (2000) Conversational narrative: Storytelling in everyday talk. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/cilt.203
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/cilt.203 [Google Scholar]
  92. (2007) Conversational storytelling. In D. Herman (ed.), The Cambridge companion to narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 127-141. doi: 10.1017/CCOL0521856965.009
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521856965.009 [Google Scholar]
  93. Perelman, C. , and L. Olbrechts-Tyteca
    (1969) New Rhetoric: Treatise on argumentation. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame.
    [Google Scholar]
  94. Perrina, L. , D. Deshaies , and C. Paradis
    (2003) Pragmatic functions of local diaphonic repetitions in conversation. Journal of Pragmatics35: 1843-1860. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(03)00117‑6
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(03)00117-6 [Google Scholar]
  95. Pike, Kenneth L
    (1967) Language in relation to a unified theory of the structure of human behavior. 2nd edition. The Hague: Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  96. Plank, Frans
    (1987) Über den Personenwechsel und den anderer deiktischer Kategorien in der wiedergegebenen Rede. Zeitschrift für germanistische Linguistik14: 284-308.
    [Google Scholar]
  97. Pomerantz, Anita
    (1984) Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. In M. Atkinson , and J. Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action. Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57-101.
    [Google Scholar]
  98. Psathas, George
    (1995) Conversation Analysis: The study of Talk-in-Interaction. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. Rampton, Ben
    (1999) Styling the other: Introduction. Journal of Sociolinguistics 3.4: 421-427. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00088
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00088 [Google Scholar]
  100. Romaine, S. , and D. Lange
    (1991) The use of "like" as a marker of reported speech and thought: A case of grammaticalization in progress. American Speech66.3: 227-279. doi: 10.2307/455799
    https://doi.org/10.2307/455799 [Google Scholar]
  101. Sacks, Harvey
    (1964-1972/2005) Lectures on conversation. Volumes I & II. Ed. by Gail Jefferson . Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  102. (1984) Notes on methodology. In J.M. Atkinson , and J. Heritage (eds.), Structures of social action: studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 21-27.
    [Google Scholar]
  103. Sarangi, Srikant
    (2010) Healthcare interaction as an expert communicative system: An activity analysis perspective. In Jürgen Streeck (ed.), New adventures in language and interaction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 167-197. doi: 10.1075/pbns.196.08sar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.196.08sar [Google Scholar]
  104. Schegloff, Emanuel A
    (2007) Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis, Volume I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511791208
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791208 [Google Scholar]
  105. Schiffrin, Deborah
    (1993) Approaches to discourse: Language as social interaction. Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  106. Schiffrin, D. , D. Tannen , and H.E. Hamilton
    (2003) The handbook of discourse analysis. Malden: Blackwell. doi: 10.1111/b.9780631205968.2003.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/b.9780631205968.2003.x [Google Scholar]
  107. Schmitt, Reinhold
    (1993) Kontextualisierung und Konversationsanalyse. Deutsche Sprache21: 326-354.
    [Google Scholar]
  108. Schorup, Lawrence Clifford
    (1982a) Common discourse particles in English conversation. Dissertation, The Ohio State University.
    [Google Scholar]
  109. (1982b) Quoting with Go 'Say'. American Speech 57.2: 148-149. doi: 10.2307/454452
    https://doi.org/10.2307/454452 [Google Scholar]
  110. Schütz, Alfred
    (1954) Concept and theory formation in the social sciences. The Journal of Philosophy 51.9: 257-273. doi: 10.2307/2021812
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2021812 [Google Scholar]
  111. Selting, M ., et al
    (2009) Gesprächsanalytisches Transkriptionssystem 2 (GAT 2). Gesprächsforschung – Online-Zeitschrift zur verbalen Interaktion10: 353-402.
    [Google Scholar]
  112. Sternberg, Meir
    (1982) Proteus in Quotation-Land: Mimesis and the Forms of Reported Discourse. Poetics Today 3.2: 107-156. doi: 10.2307/1772069
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1772069 [Google Scholar]
  113. Tagliamonte, S. , and R. Hudson
    (1999) "Be like" et al. beyond America: The quotative system in British and Canadian youth. Journal of Sociolinguistics3.2: 147-172. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00070
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00070 [Google Scholar]
  114. Tannen, Deborah
    (1986) Introducing constructed dialogue in Greek and American conversational and literary narrative. In F. Coulmas (ed.), Direct and Indirect Speech. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 311-332.
    [Google Scholar]
  115. (1989) Talking voices: repetition, dialogue, and imagery in conversational discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  116. Ten Have, Paul
    (2007) Doing Conversation Analysis. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  117. Thieroff, Rolf
    (2007) Wer spricht? Über die Formen der Redewiedergabe im Deutschen. Convivium (Germanistisches Jahrbuch Polen)2007: 207-226.
    [Google Scholar]
  118. Tirado, F. , and A. Gálvez
    (2007) Positioning theory and discourse analysis: Some tools for social interaction analysis. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung (FQS)8/2.
    [Google Scholar]
  119. Toulmin, Stephen E
    (1958) The uses of argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  120. Vincent, D. , and L. Perrin
    (1999) On the narrative vs non-narrative functions of reported speech: A socio-pragmatic study. Journal of Sociolinguistics3.3: 291-313. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00080
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00080 [Google Scholar]
  121. Wierzbicka, Anna
    (1974) The semantics of direct and indirect discourse. Papers in linguistics7.1-2: 267-307. doi: 10.1080/08351817409370375
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08351817409370375 [Google Scholar]
  122. Wolf, Ricarda
    (1999) Soziale Positionierung im Gespräch. Deutsche Sprache 27.1: 69-94.
    [Google Scholar]
  123. Wong, Jean
    (2000) Repetition in conversation: A look at "first and second sayings". Research on language and social interaction 33.4: 407-424. doi: 10.1207/S15327973RLSI3304_03
    https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327973RLSI3304_03 [Google Scholar]
  124. Yule, G. , T. Mathis , and M.F. Hopkins
    (1992) On reporting what was said. ELT Journal46.3: 245-251. doi: 10.1093/elt/46.3.245
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/46.3.245 [Google Scholar]
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error