1887
Volume 25, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238

Abstract

Research on political jokes has more often than not concentrated on their content, which is related to, and interpreted in view of, the sociopolitical events and contexts that have given rise to the jokes investigated each time. The present study intends to suggest that there are other aspects of political joke-telling that could be taken into consideration when exploring its social functions and goals: First, the subgenres employed by speakers to convey their humorous perspectives on political issues; and, second, speakers’ spontaneous comments on the jokes under scrutiny. The variety of subgenres could be related to the diverse ways joke-tellers perceive and encode their everyday problems and political views. Speakers’ spontaneous comments on the content and effects of jokes could reveal why they consider such texts tellable and recyclable, as well as how they evaluate them. The political jokes analyzed here come from a large corpus of humorous material about the current Greek debt crisis and its sociopolitical effects on the Greek society. The analysis reveals the multifunctionality of such jokes: They convey a critical perspective on the current sociopolitical conditions in Greece, strengthen the solidarity bonds among Greek speakers, entertain them, and bolster their morale.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/prag.25.2.07tsa
2015-06-01
2019-10-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Archakis, Argiris , and Villy Tsakona
    (2011) Informal talk in formal settings: Humorous narratives in Greek parliamentary debates. In V. Tsakona , and D.E. Popa (eds.), Studies in Political Humor: In between Political Critique and Public Entertainment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 61-81. doi: 10.1075/dapsac.46.06arc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.46.06arc [Google Scholar]
  2. (2012) The Narrative Construction of Identities in Critical Education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9781137264992
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137264992 [Google Scholar]
  3. Attardo, Salvatore
    (1994) Linguistic Theories of Humor. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. (2001) Humorous Texts: A Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110887969
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110887969 [Google Scholar]
  5. Attardo, Salvatore , and Jean-Charles Chabanne
    (1992) Jokes as a text type. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research5.1/2: 165-176.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Badarneh, Muhammad A
    (2011) Carnivalesque politics: A Bakhtinian case study of contemporary Arab political humor. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research24.3: 305-327. doi: 10.1515/humr.2011.019
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2011.019 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bakhtin, Mikhail
    (1981) The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (1984a) Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (1984b) Rabelais and His World. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (1986) Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bawarshi, Anis S. , and Mary Jo Reiff
    (2010) Genre: An Introduction to History, Theory, Research, and Pedagogy. West Lafayette: Parlor Press and The WAC Clearinghouse.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Billig, Michael
    (2005) Laughter and Ridicule: Towards a Social Critique of Humor. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Bounegru, Liliana , and Charles Forceville
    (2011) Metaphors in editorial cartoons representing the global financial crisis. Visual Communication10.2: 209-229. doi: 10.1177/1470357211398446
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357211398446 [Google Scholar]
  14. Boxman-Shabtai, Lillian , and Limor Shifman
    (2015) When ethnic humor goes digital. New Media and Society. 17.4: 520-539. doi: 10.1177/1461444813506972
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444813506972 [Google Scholar]
  15. Brandes, Stanley H
    (1977) Peaceful protest: Spanish political humor in a time of crisis. Western Folklore36.4: 331-346. doi: 10.2307/1499197
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1499197 [Google Scholar]
  16. Brzozowska, Dorota
    (2009) Polish jokelore in the period of transition. In A. Krikmann , and L. Laineste (eds.), Permitted Laughter: Socialist, Post-Socialist and Never-Socialist Humor. Tartu: ELM Scholarly Press, pp. 127-169.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Chen, Khin Wee
    (2013) The Singapore Mass Rapid Transport: A case study of the efficacy of a democratized political humor landscape in a critical engagement in the public sphere. European Journal of Humor Research1.2: 43-68. doi: 10.7592/EJHR2013.1.2.chen
    https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2013.1.2.chen [Google Scholar]
  18. Christopoulou, Martha
    (2013) Exploring the socio-politics of the Greek debt crisis in a primary art classroom: A political cartooning project. The International Journal of Art and Design Education32.1: 44-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1476‑8070.2013.01757.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-8070.2013.01757.x [Google Scholar]
  19. Davies, Christie
    (1998) Jokes and Their Relation to Society. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110806144
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110806144 [Google Scholar]
  20. (2007) Humor and protest: Jokes under Communism. International Review of Social History52.15: 291-305. doi: 10.1017/S0020859007003252
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020859007003252 [Google Scholar]
  21. Douglas, Mary
    (1968) The social control of cognition: Some factors in joke perception. Man3.3: 361-376. doi: 10.2307/2798875
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2798875 [Google Scholar]
  22. Faiclough, Norman
    (1992) Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Freedman, Aviva , and Peter Medway
    (1994) Locating genre studies: Antecedents and prospects. In A. Freedman , and P. Medway (eds.), Genre and the New Rhetoric. London: Taylor and Francis, pp. 2-18.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Georgakopoulou, Alexandra
    (2007) Small Stories, Interaction and Identities. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/sin.8
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sin.8 [Google Scholar]
  25. Hackett, Claire , and Bill Rolston
    (2009) The burden of memory: Victims, storytelling and resistance in Northern Ireland. Memory Studies2.3: 355-376. doi: 10.1177/1750698008337560
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750698008337560 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hong, Nathaniel
    (2010) Mow ’em all down grandma: The “weapon” of humor in two Danish World War II occupation scrapbooks. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research23.1: 27-64. doi: 10.1515/humr.2010.002
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humr.2010.002 [Google Scholar]
  27. Johns, Ann M
    (ed.) (2002) Genre in the Classroom: Multiple Perspectives. Mahwah: Laurence Erlbaum Associates.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kanaana, Sharif
    (1995) Palestinian humor during the Gulf War. Journal of Folklore Research32.1: 65-75.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Klumbytė, Neringa
    (2011) Political intimacy: Power, laughter, and coexistence in late Soviet Lithuania. East European Politics and Societies25.4: 659-677. doi: 10.1177/0888325410387638
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0888325410387638 [Google Scholar]
  30. Kotthoff, Helga
    (1999) Coherent keying in conversational humor: Contextualizing joint fictionalization. In W. Bublitz , U. Lenk , and E. Ventola (eds.), Coherence in Spoken and Written Discourse. How to Create It and How to Describe It. Selected Papers from the International Workshop on Coherence, Augsburg, 24-27 April 1997. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 125-150. doi: 10.1075/pbns.63.10kot
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.63.10kot [Google Scholar]
  31. Kramer, Elise
    (2011) The playful is political: The metapragmatics of internet rape-joke arguments. Language in Society40.2: 137-168. doi: 10.1017/S0047404511000017
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404511000017 [Google Scholar]
  32. Labov, William
    (1972) Language in the Inner City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Laineste, Liisi
    (2008) Post-socialist jokes in Estonia: Continuity and change. Ph.D. thesis, University of Tartu, Estonia. https://www.etis.ee/portaal/publicationInfo.aspx?PubVID=53&LanguageVID=1&FullTranslate=false (accessed January 12, 2014).
    [Google Scholar]
  34. (2009a) Conclusion. In A. Krikmann , and L. Laineste (eds.), Permitted Laughter: Socialist, Post-Socialist and Never-Socialist Humor. Tartu: ELM Scholarly Press, pp. 371-406.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. (2009b) Political jokes in post-Socialist Estonia. In A. Krikmann , and L. Laineste (eds.), Permitted Laughter: Socialist, Post-Socialist and Never-Socialist Humor. Tartu: ELM Scholarly Press, pp. 41-72.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. (2011) Politics of taste in a post-Socialist state: A case study. In V. Tsakona , and D.E. Popa (eds.), Studies in Political Humour: In between Political Critique and Public Entertainment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 217-241. doi: 10.1075/dapsac.46.14lai
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.46.14lai [Google Scholar]
  37. Miller, Carolyn R
    (1994) Genre as social action. In A. Freedman , and P. Medway (eds.), Genre and the New Rhetoric. London: Taylor and Francis, pp. 20-36.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Moalla, Asma
    (2013) Tunisia in the aftermath of the revolution: Insights into the use of humor on Facebook to create social bonds and develop relational identity. SAGE Open3.3: 1-7. doi: 10.1177/2158244013504765
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013504765 [Google Scholar]
  39. Obrdlik, Antonin J
    (1942) “Gallows humor” – A sociological phenomenon. American Journal of Sociology47.5: 709-716. doi: 10.1086/219002
    https://doi.org/10.1086/219002 [Google Scholar]
  40. Pi-Sunyer, Oriol
    (1977) Political humor in a dictatorial state: The case of Spain. Ethnohistory24.2: 179-190. doi: 10.2307/481742
    https://doi.org/10.2307/481742 [Google Scholar]
  41. Raskin, Victor
    (1985) Semantic Mechanisms of Humor. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Sheftel, Anna
    (2011) “Monument to the international community, from the grateful citizens of Serajevo”: Dark humor as counter-memory in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina. Memory Studies5.2: 145-164. doi: 10.1177/1750698011415247
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750698011415247 [Google Scholar]
  43. Shehata, Samer S
    (1992) The politics of laughter: Nasser, Sadat, and Mubarek in Egyptian political jokes. Folklore103.1: 75-91. doi: 10.1080/0015587X.1992.9715831
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0015587X.1992.9715831 [Google Scholar]
  44. Smith, Philip , and Mitchel Goodrum
    (2011) “We have experienced a tragedy which words cannot properly describe”: Representations of trauma in post-9/11 superhero comics. Literature Compass8.8: 487-498. doi: 10.1111/j.1741‑4113.2011.00829.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-4113.2011.00829.x [Google Scholar]
  45. Stanoev, Stanoy
    (2009) Totalitarian political jokes in Bulgaria. In A. Krikmann , and L. Laineste (eds.), Permitted Laughter: Socialist, Post-Socialist and Never-Socialist Humor. Tartu: ELM Scholarly Press, pp. 185-207.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Stein, Mary Beth
    (1989) The politics of humor: The Berlin Wall in jokes and graffiti. Western Folklore48.2: 85-108. doi: 10.2307/1499684
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1499684 [Google Scholar]
  47. Stewart, Craig O
    (2013) Strategies of verbal irony in visual satire: Reading The New Yorker’s “Politics of Fear” cover. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research26.2: 197-217. doi: 10.1515/humor‑2013‑0022
    https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2013-0022 [Google Scholar]
  48. Tsakona, Villy
    (2004) Humor in written narratives: A linguistic approach. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Athens, Greece. thesis.ekt.gr/thesisBookReader/id/17786?id=17786&lang=el#page/1/mode/2up (accessed April 17, 2014). [in Greek]
  49. (2013) Okras and the metapragmatic stereotypes of humour: Towards an expansion of the GTVH. In M. Dynel (ed.), Developments in Linguistic Humour Theory. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 25-48. doi: 10.1075/thr.1.03tsa
    https://doi.org/10.1075/thr.1.03tsa [Google Scholar]
  50. Tsakona, Villy , and Diana Elena Popa
    (2011) Humor in politics and the politics of humor: An introduction. In V. Tsakona , and D.E. Popa (eds.), Studies in Political Humor: In between Political Critique and Public Entertainment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 1-30. doi: 10.1075/dapsac.46.03tsa
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.46.03tsa [Google Scholar]
  51. (2013) Editorial: Confronting power with laughter. European Journal of Humor Research1.2: 1-9. doi: 10.7592/EJHR2013.1.2.tsakona
    https://doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2013.1.2.tsakona [Google Scholar]
  52. Van Boeschoten, Riki
    (2006) Code-switching, linguistic jokes and ethnic identity: Reading hidden transcripts in a cross-cultural context. Journal of Modern Greek Studies24.2: 347-377. doi: 10.1353/mgs.2006.0018
    https://doi.org/10.1353/mgs.2006.0018 [Google Scholar]
  53. VanLoan Aguilar, Julia
    (1997) Humor in crisis: Guadalupe Loaeza’s caricature of the Mexican bourgeoisie. Journal of American Culture20.2: 153-158. doi: 10.1111/j.1542‑734X.1997.2002_153.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1542-734X.1997.2002_153.x [Google Scholar]
  54. Žižek, Slavoj
    (1989) The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.25.2.07tsa
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error