Volume 25, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238


This special issue of Pragmatics brings together a collection of articles by linguistic anthropologists studying the interplay between the production and interpretation of written language on one hand, and the language ideologies that organize that production and interpretation on the other. This introductory essay offers an overview of the common theoretical foundations upon which the authors in this volume build their analyses of language ideologies and writing systems and underscores the thematic connections across the articles.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Androutsopoulos, Jannis
    (2000) Non-standard spellings in media texts: The case of German fanzines. Journal of Sociolingistics4.4: 514-533. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9481.00128
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9481.00128 [Google Scholar]
  2. (2009) ‘Greeklish': Transliteration practice and discourse in the context of computer-mediated digraphia. In A. Georgakopoulou , and M.S. Silk (eds.), Standard Languages and Language Standards: Greek, Past and Present. Farnham, England: Ashgate, pp. 221-249.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (2012) Ethnographic perspectives on multilingual computer-mediated discourse. In M. Martin-Jones , and S. Gardner (eds.), Multilingualism in Discourse and Ethnography. London: Routledge, pp. 179-186.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Angermeyer, Philipp S
    (2005) Spelling bilingualism: Script choice in Russian American classified ads and signage. Language in Society34.4: 493-531. doi: 10.1017/S0047404505050190
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404505050190 [Google Scholar]
  5. Barton, David
    (1994) Literacy: An Introduction to the Ecology of Written Language. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Barton, David , Mary Hamilton , and Roz Ivanic
    (eds.) (2000) Situated Literacies: Reading and Writing in Context. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Blommaert, Jan
    (2004) Writing as a problem: Africa grassroots writing, economies of literacy, and globalization. Language in Society33.5: 643-71. doi: 10.1017/S0047404504045014
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404504045014 [Google Scholar]
  8. Blommaert, Jan , and Jef Verschueren
    (1998) The role of language in European nationalist ideologies. In B. Schieffelin , K. Woolard , and P. Kroskrity (eds.), Language ideologies: Practice and theory. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 189-210. doi: 10.1075/prag.2.3.13blo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.2.3.13blo [Google Scholar]
  9. Dale, Ian R.H
    (1980) Digraphia. International Journal of the Sociology of Language26: 5-13.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. DeFrancis, John
    (1984) Digraphia. Word35.1: 59-66. doi: 10.1080/00437956.1984.11435748
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00437956.1984.11435748 [Google Scholar]
  11. Errington, Joseph
    (2001) Colonial Linguistics. Annual Review of Anthropology30: 19-39. doi: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.19
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.19 [Google Scholar]
  12. Feng, Zhiwei , Binyong Yin , and Apollo Wu
    (2000) The Chinese digraphia problem in the information age. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences30.1: 229-234.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gal, Susan , and Kathryn Woolard
    (1994) Constructing languages and publics: Authority and representation. Pragmatics5.2: 129-138. doi: 10.1075/prag.5.2.01gal
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.5.2.01gal [Google Scholar]
  14. Gee, James Paul
    (1992) The social mind: Language, ideology and social practice. New York: Bergin and Garvey.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. (2012)[1990] Social Linguistics and Literacies. Fourth Edition. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Grivelet, Stephane
    (2001a) Introduction. International Journal of the Sociology of Language150: 1-10. doi: 10.1515/ijsl.2001.033
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl.2001.033 [Google Scholar]
  17. (2001b) Digraphia in Mongolia. International Journal of the Sociology of Language150: 75-93.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Irvine, Judith , and Susan Gal
    (2000) Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. In Paul Kroskrity (ed.), Regimes of language. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, pp. 35-83.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Jaffe, Alexandra
    (1999) Ideologies in Action: Language Politics on Corsica. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110801064
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110801064 [Google Scholar]
  20. Jaffe, Alexandra , Jannis Androutsopoulos , Mark Sebba , and Sally Johnson
    (eds.) (2012) Orthography as Social Action: Scripts, Spelling, Identity and Power. Boston: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9781614511038
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511038 [Google Scholar]
  21. Kataoka, Kuniyoshi
    (1997) Affect and letter writing: Unconventional conventions in casual writing by young Japanese women. Language in Society26.1: 103-136. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500019424
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500019424 [Google Scholar]
  22. King, Robert
    (2001) The poisonous potency of script: Hindi and Urdu. International Journal of the Sociology of Language150: 43-60.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. LaDousa, Chaise
    (2002) Advertising in the periphery: Language and schools in a north Indian city.Language in Society31.2: 213-242. doi: 10.1017/S0047404501020164
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404501020164 [Google Scholar]
  24. Miller, Laura
    (2004) Those naughty teenage girls: Japanese Kogals, slang, and media assessments. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology14.2: 225-247. doi: 10.1525/jlin.2004.14.2.225
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2004.14.2.225 [Google Scholar]
  25. Milroy, James , and Lesley Milroy
    (1994) Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Noy, Chaim
    (2008) Writing ideology: Hybrid symbols in a commemorative visitor book in Israel. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology18.1: 62-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1548‑1395.2008.00004.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1395.2008.00004.x [Google Scholar]
  27. Olivo, Warren
    (2001) Phat lines: Spelling conventions in rap music. Written Language & Literacy4.1: 67-85. doi: 10.1075/wll.4.1.05oli
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.4.1.05oli [Google Scholar]
  28. Philips, Susan
    (2004) The organization of ideological diversity in discourse: Modern and neotraditional visions of the Tongan state. American Ethnologist31.2: 231-250. doi: 10.1525/ae.2004.31.2.231
    https://doi.org/10.1525/ae.2004.31.2.231 [Google Scholar]
  29. Schieffelin, Bambi , and Rachelle Doucet
    (1992) The real Hatian creole: Metalinguistics and orthographic choice. Pragmatics2.3: 427-443. doi: 10.1075/prag.2.3.15sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.2.3.15sch [Google Scholar]
  30. Sebba, Mark
    (2007) Spelling and Society. Cambridge: University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511486739
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486739 [Google Scholar]
  31. (2013) Multilingualism in written discourse: An approach to the analysis of multilingual texts. International Journal of Bilingualism17.1: 97–118. doi: 10.1177/1367006912438301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006912438301 [Google Scholar]
  32. Smith, Janet S. , and David Schmidt
    (1996) Variability in written Japanese: Towards a sociolinguistics of script choice. Visible Language30: 46-71.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Spilioti, Tereza
    (2009) Graphemic representation of text-messaging: Alphabet-choice and code-switches in Greek SMS. Pragmatics19.3: 393-412. doi: 10.1075/prag.19.3.05spi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.19.3.05spi [Google Scholar]
  34. Street, Brian V
    (1984) Literacy in theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. (ed.) (1993) Cross-cultural approaches to literacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. (1995) Social literacies: Critical approaches to literacy in development, ethnography and education. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Tiun, Hak-khiam
    (1998) Writing in two scripts: A case study of digraphia in Taiwanese. Written Language and Literacy1.2: 225-248. doi: 10.1075/wll.1.2.04hak
    https://doi.org/10.1075/wll.1.2.04hak [Google Scholar]
  38. Tsiplakou, Stavroula
    (2009) Doing (bi)lingualism: Language alternation as performative construction of online identities. Pragmatics19.3: 361-391. doi: 10.1075/prag.19.3.04tsi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.19.3.04tsi [Google Scholar]
  39. Webster, Anthony
    (2006) From Hóyéé to Hajinei: On some implications of feelingful iconicity and orthography in Navajo poetry. Pragmatics16.4: 535-549. doi: 10.1075/prag.16.4.06web
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.16.4.06web [Google Scholar]
  40. White, Matthew
    (2006) A city with two alphabets – Cyrillic and Latin scripts in Belgrade. Slovo18.1: 79-103.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Woolard, K. , and B.Schieffelin
    (1994) Language Ideology. Annual Review of Anthropology23: 55-82 doi: 10.1075/impact.6.06pen
    https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.6.06pen [Google Scholar]
  42. Zima, Petr
    (1974) Digraphia: The case of Hausa. Linguistics124: 57-69.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Digraphia; Language ideology; Orthography; Writing systems
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error