Volume 27, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238


In this paper, we adopt Kádár and Haugh’s (2013) discursive-interactional approach to argue that extended concurrent speech for floor taking or topic switching can be perceived as normal and (appropriate). Spontaneous mundane conversations and interviews in Mandarin were collected and transcribed by means of interactional sociolinguistic methods. A close analysis was conducted on participants’ responses to the extended concurrent speech for floor taking or topic switching and their retrospective thoughts. Results show that the participants did not view the speech as inappropriate. They produced the speech to achieve relational goals, clarify things, collaborate on a topic, claim participatory rights or display high involvement. They enjoyed conversing around a trivial topic in informal settings. This challenges the argument of long overlapping, floor taking or topic switching as problematic in the literature. The findings indicate the importance of embracing different perspectives from varying sources to understand perceptions of turn-taking mechanisms in Mandarin conversation. This study can contribute to our understanding of interpersonal pragmatics and the conventional views/norms that might cause communication misunderstanding in cross-cultural contact.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Bennett, Adrian
    1981 “Interruption and the Interpretation of Conversation.”Discourse Processes4: 171–188. doi: 10.1080/01638538109544513
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638538109544513 [Google Scholar]
  2. Boxer, Diana
    2002Applying Sociolinguistics: Domains and Face-to-Face Interaction. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/impact.15
    https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.15 [Google Scholar]
  3. Brown, Penelope , and Stephen Levinson
    1987 Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chambliss, Catherine A. , and Norah Feeny
    1992 “Effects of Sex of Subject, Sex of Interrupter, and Topic of Conversation on the Perceptions of Interruptions.”Perceptual and Motor Skills75: 1235–1241. doi: 10.2466/pms.1992.75.3f.1235
    https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1992.75.3f.1235 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chan, Wing-Tsit
    1963Instructions for Practical Living and Other Neo-Confucian Writings by Wang Yang-ming. New York: Columbia University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chang, Wei-Lin Melody , and Michael Haugh
    2011 “Strategic Embarrassment and Face Threatening in Business Interactions.”Journal of Pragmatics43: 2948–2963. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2011.05.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.05.009 [Google Scholar]
  7. Chen, Rong , and Dafu Yang
    2010 “Responding to Compliments in Chinese: Has it Changed?”Journal of Pragmatics42 (7): 1951–1963. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.12.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.12.006 [Google Scholar]
  8. Chong, Gladys Pak Lei
    2011 “Volunteers as the ‘New’ Model Vitizens: Governing Citizens through Soft Power.”China Information25 (1): 33–59. doi: 10.1177/0920203X10393212
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0920203X10393212 [Google Scholar]
  9. Coon, Christine A. , and Paula Schwanenflugel
    1996 “Evaluation of Interruption Behavior by Naïve Encoders.”Discourse Processes22 (1): 1–24. doi: 10.1080/01638539609544964
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638539609544964 [Google Scholar]
  10. Covelli, Lucille H. , and Stephen O. Murray
    1980 “Accomplishing Topic Change.”Anthropological Linguistics22 (9): 382–390.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Culpeper, Jonathan
    1996 “Towards an Anatomy of Impoliteness.”Journal of Pragmatics25 (3): 349–367. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(95)00014‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(95)00014-3 [Google Scholar]
  12. 2005 “Impoliteness and Entertainment in the Television Quiz Show: The Weakest Link.”Journal of Politeness Research1 (1): 35–72. doi: 10.1515/jplr.2005.1.1.35
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jplr.2005.1.1.35 [Google Scholar]
  13. Culpeper, Jonathan , Derek Bousfield , and Anne Wichmann
    2003 “Impoliteness Revisited: With Special Reference to Dynamic and Prosodic Aspects.”Journal of Pragmatics. 35 (10–11): 1545–1579. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(02)00118‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(02)00118-2 [Google Scholar]
  14. Culpeper, Jonathan , Leyla Marti , Meilian Mei , Minna Nevala , and Gila Schauer
    2010 “Cross-cultural Variation in the Perception of Impoliteness: A Study of Impoliteness Events Reported by Students in England, China, Finland, Germany, and Turkey.”Intercultural Pragmatics7 (4): 597–624. doi: 10.1515/iprg.2010.027
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iprg.2010.027 [Google Scholar]
  15. Edelsky, Carole
    1981 “Who’s Got the floor?”Language in Society10: 383–421. doi: 10.1017/S004740450000885X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S004740450000885X [Google Scholar]
  16. Eelen, Gino
    2001A Critique of Politeness Theories. Manchester, UK: St. Jerome Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gao, Ge.
    1998 “’Don’t take my word for it’ – Understanding Chinese Speaking Practices.”International Journal of Intercultural Relations22: 163–186. doi: 10.1016/S0147‑1767(98)00003‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0147-1767(98)00003-0 [Google Scholar]
  18. Gao, Yang
    2012 “对外汉语课堂话轮分析. [Analysis of turn taking in the Chinese as a foreign language classroom]”. Journal of Language and Literature Studies12: 136–137.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar
    2013 “Introduction: Face, Identity and Im/politeness. Looking Backward, Moving Forward: From Goffman to Practice Theory.”Journal of Politeness Research9 (1): 1–33. doi: 10.1515/pr‑2013‑0001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2013-0001 [Google Scholar]
  20. García, María Jesús Barros , and Marina Terkourafi
    2014 “First Order Politeness in Rapprochement and Distancing Cultures: Understandings and Uses of Politeness by Spanish Native Speakers from Spain and Spanish Nonnative Speakers from the U.S.”Pragmatics24 (1): 1–34. doi: 10.1075/prag.24.1.01bar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.24.1.01bar [Google Scholar]
  21. Goldberg, Julia
    1990 “Interrupting the Discourse on Interruptions: An Analysis in Terms of Relationally Neutral, Power- and Rapport-oriented Acts.”Journal of Pragmatics14: 883–903. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(90)90045‑F
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(90)90045-F [Google Scholar]
  22. Gou, Chengyi
    2002先秦礼学 [Li (Rite) Philosophies before the Qin Dynasty]. Chengdu: Ba-Shu shushe.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Gu, Yueguo
    1990 “Politeness Phenomena in Modern Chinese.”Journal of Pragmatics14 (2): 237–257. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(90)90082‑O
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(90)90082-O [Google Scholar]
  24. 1999 “Towards a Model of Situated Discourse Analysis.”InThe Semantics and Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View, ed.byKen Turner, 150–178. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publisher.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Gumperz, John
    1982Discourse Strategies: Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611834
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611834 [Google Scholar]
  26. 2005 “Interactional Sociolinguistics: A Personal Perspective.”InThe Handbook of Discourse Analysis, ed.byDeborah Schiffrin, Deborah Tannen, and Heidi E. Hamilton, 215–228. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9780470753460.ch12
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470753460.ch12 [Google Scholar]
  27. 2006 “Interactional Sociolinguistics.”InEncyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, ed.byKeith Brown, 724–729. Kidlington, UK: Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/B0‑08‑044854‑2/01284‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/01284-0 [Google Scholar]
  28. Haugh, Michael
    2007 “The Discursive Challenge to Politeness Research: An Interactional Alternative.”Journal of Politeness Research3 (2): 295–317. doi: 10.1515/PR.2007.013
    https://doi.org/10.1515/PR.2007.013 [Google Scholar]
  29. Hayashi, Reiko
    1988 “Simultaneous Talk – From the Perspective of Floor Management of English and Japanese Speakers.”World Englishes7: 269–288. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑971X.1988.tb00237.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.1988.tb00237.x [Google Scholar]
  30. 1990 “Rhythmicity, Sequence and Synchrony as Floor Management in English and Japanese Face-to-Face Conversation.”Language Sciences12: 155–195. doi: 10.1016/0388‑0001(90)90010‑E
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0388-0001(90)90010-E [Google Scholar]
  31. 1991 “Floor Structure of English and Japanese Conversation.”Journal of Pragmatics16: 1–30. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(91)90003‑G
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(91)90003-G [Google Scholar]
  32. Holmes, Janet
    1995Women, Men and Politeness. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Jaworski, Adam , Nikolas Coupland , and Dariusz Galasiński
    2004 “Why now?”InMetalanguage: Social and Ideological Perspectives, ed.byAdam Jaworski, Nikolas Coupland, and Dariusz Galasiński, 3–8. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110907377
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110907377 [Google Scholar]
  34. Jiang, Tao
    2008商务礼仪 [Commercial Etiquettes]. Beijing, China: Chinese Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Jin, Zhengkun
    2007官场礼仪 [Etiquettes in Public Relations]. Xi’an, China: Shaanxi Normal University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. 2008职场礼仪 [Workplace Etiquettes]. Beijing, China: China Renmin University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Kádár, Daniel
    2012 “Historical Chinese Politeness and Rhetoric: A Case Study of Epistolary Refusals.”Journal of Politeness Research8 (1): 93–110. doi: 10.1515/pr‑2012‑0006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2012-0006 [Google Scholar]
  38. Kádár, Dániel
    2013Relational Rituals and Communication: Ritual Interaction in Groups. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230393059
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230393059 [Google Scholar]
  39. Kádár, Dániel , and Michael Haugh
    2013Understanding Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139382717
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139382717 [Google Scholar]
  40. Kádár, Dániel , and Yuling Pan
    2011 “Politeness in China.”InPoliteness in East Asia, ed.byDániel Kádár, and Sara Mills, 125–146. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511977886.008
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511977886.008 [Google Scholar]
  41. Kuang, Xiaorong
    2005 “口语交谈中的话语打断现象 [Interruption in Chinese colloquial conversation]”. Rhetoric Learning4: 74–78.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. 2006 “汉语口语交谈中的话语重叠现象 [The overlapping of discourse in Chinese colloquial conversation]”. Journal of College of Chinese Language and Culture of Jinan University2: 57–65.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Kuhn, Deanna
    1991The Skills of Argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511571350
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511571350 [Google Scholar]
  44. Labov, William
    1972Sociolinguistic Patterns. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Lakoff, Robin
    1973 “The Logic of Politeness, or Minding your p’s and q’s.”Chicago Linguistics Society9: 292–305.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Langlotz, Andreas , and Miriam A. Locher
    2012 “Ways of Communicating Emotional Stance in Online Disagreements.”Journal of Pragmatics44: 1591–1606. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.04.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.04.002 [Google Scholar]
  47. Leech, Geoffrey
    1983Principles of Politeness. London, UK: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Lee-Wong, Song Mei
    1994 “Imperatives in Requests: Direct or Impolite-Observations from Chinese.”Pragmatics4 (4): 491–515. doi: 10.1075/prag.4.4.01lee
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.4.4.01lee [Google Scholar]
  49. 2000Politeness and Face in Chinese Culture. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Levinson, Stephen C.
    1983Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Li, Charles , and Sandra Thompson
    1981Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Li, Han Z.
    1999 “Grounding and Information Communication in Intercultural and Intracultural Dyadic Discourse.”Discourse Processes28 (3): 195–215. doi: 10.1080/01638539909545081
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638539909545081 [Google Scholar]
  53. 2001 “Cooperative and Intrusive Interruptions in Inter- and Intracultural Dyadic Discourse.”Journal of. Language and Social Psychology20 (3): 259–284. doi: 10.1177/0261927X01020003001
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X01020003001 [Google Scholar]
  54. Li, Xiaoting
    2014 “Leaning and Recipient Intervening Questions in Mandarin Conversation.”Journal of Pragmatics67: 34–60. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.03.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.03.011 [Google Scholar]
  55. Liao, Meizhen
    2009 “A Study of Interruption in Chinese Criminal Courtroom Discourse.”Text & Talk29 (2): 175–199. doi: 10.1515/TEXT.2009.008
    https://doi.org/10.1515/TEXT.2009.008 [Google Scholar]
  56. Lin, Yutang
    1939My Country and My People. London: William Heinemann.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Liu, Hong
    1992 “话轮、非话轮和半话轮的区分 [Turn, non-turn and semi-turn]”. Foreign Language Teaching and Research3: 17–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. 2004会话结构分析 [Conversation Structure Analysis]. Beijing: Peking University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Liu, Senlin
    2007 “话语更迭的语用策略 [Turn-taking pragmatic strategies]”. Foreign Language Education28 (4): 34–38.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Locher, Miriam A.
    2004Power and Politeness in Action: Disagreements in Oral Communication. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110926552
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110926552 [Google Scholar]
  61. 2006 “Polite Behavior within Relational Work: The Discursive Approach to Politeness.”Multilingua25 (3): 249–267. doi: 10.1515/MULTI.2006.015
    https://doi.org/10.1515/MULTI.2006.015 [Google Scholar]
  62. Locher, Miriam A. , and Richard Watts
    2005 Politeness and Relational Work. Journal of Politeness Research1 (1): 9–35. doi: 10.1515/jplr.2005.1.1.9
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jplr.2005.1.1.9 [Google Scholar]
  63. Ma, Chunyan
    2014 “再论“话轮”的判断标准 [Discussing turn-taking again]”. Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies1: 97–104.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Mills, Sara
    2003Gender and Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511615238
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511615238 [Google Scholar]
  65. 2009 “Impoliteness in a cultural context.”Journal of Pragmatics41 (5): 1047–1060. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2008.10.014
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.10.014 [Google Scholar]
  66. 2011 “Discursive Approaches to Politeness and Impoliteness.”InDiscursive Approaches to Politeness, ed.byLinguistic Politeness Research Group, 19–56. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Guryter. doi: 10.1515/9783110238679.19
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110238679.19 [Google Scholar]
  67. Mori, Junko
    1999Negotiating Agreement and Disagreement in Japanese: Connective Expressions and Turn Construction. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sidag.8
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.8 [Google Scholar]
  68. Murata, Kumiko
    1994 “Intrusive or Co-operative? A Cross-Cultural Study of Interruption.”Journal of Pragmatics21: 385–400. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(94)90011‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(94)90011-6 [Google Scholar]
  69. Murray, Stephen O.
    1985 “Toward a Model of Members’ Methods for Recognizing Interruptions.”Language in Society14 (1): 31–40. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500010927
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500010927 [Google Scholar]
  70. Natale, Michael , Elliot Entin , and Joseph Jaffe
    1979 “Vocal Interruptions in Dyadic Communication as a Function of Speech and Social Anxiety.”Journal of Personality and Social Psychology37: 865–878. doi: 10.1037/0022‑3514.37.6.865
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.37.6.865 [Google Scholar]
  71. Ng, Sik Hung , Mark Brooke , and Michael Dunne
    1995 “Interruption and Influence in Discussion Groups.”Journal of Language and Social Psychology14 (4): 369–381. doi: 10.1177/0261927X950144003
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X950144003 [Google Scholar]
  72. Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali Salmani
    2012 “Rethinking Face and Politeness.”International Journal of Language Studies6 (4): 119–140.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Pan, Yuling
    2000aPoliteness in Chinese Face-to-Face Interaction. New York: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. 2000b “Facework in Chinese Service Encounters.”Journal of Asian Pacific Communication10 (1): 25–61. doi: 10.1075/japc.10.1.03pan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/japc.10.1.03pan [Google Scholar]
  75. Pan, Yuling , and Dániel Kádár
    2011Politeness in Historical and Contemporary Chinese. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Rose, Kenneth , and Connie Ng
    2001 “Inductive and Deductive Teaching of Compliments and Compliment Responses.”InPragmatics in Language Teaching, ed.byGabriele Kasper, and Rosse Kenneth, 145–170 Ernst Klett Sprachen. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524797.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524797.013 [Google Scholar]
  77. Sacks, Harvey , Emanuel A. Schegloff , and Gail Jefferson
    1974 “A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation.”Language50 (4): 696–735. doi: 10.1353/lan.1974.0010
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1974.0010 [Google Scholar]
  78. Schegloff, Emanuel A.
    2000 “Overlapping Talk and Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation.”Language in Society29: 1–63. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500001019
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500001019 [Google Scholar]
  79. 2001 “Accounts of Conduct in Interaction: Interruption, Overlap and Turn-Taking.”InHandbook of Sociological Theory, ed.byJonathan H. Turner, 287–321. New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  80. Schiffrin, Deborah
    1987Discourse Markers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611841
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611841 [Google Scholar]
  81. Schneider, Klaus P.
    2012 “Appropriate Behavior across Varieties of English.”Journal of Pragmatics44 (9): 1022–1037. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2011.09.015
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.09.015 [Google Scholar]
  82. Spencer-Oatey, Helen
    2008 “Face, (Im)politeness and Rapport.”InCulturally Speaking: Culture, Communication and Politeness Theory, ed.byHelen Spencer-Oatey, 11–47. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  83. Spencer-Oatey, Helen , and Wenying Jiang
    2003 “Explaining Cross-Cultural Pragmatic Findings: Moving from Politeness Maxims to Sociolinguistic Interactional Principles (SIPs).”Journal of Pragmatics. 35 (10–11): 1633–1650. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(03)00025‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(03)00025-0 [Google Scholar]
  84. Tannen, Deborah
    1984Conversational Style. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
    [Google Scholar]
  85. Tao, Hongyin
    1996Units in Mandarin Conversation: Prosody, Discourse, and Grammar. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sidag.5
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.5 [Google Scholar]
  86. Ulijn, Jan M. , and Xiangling Li
    1995 “Is Interrupting Impolite? Some Temporal Aspects of Turn-Taking in Chinese-Western and other Intercultural Business Encounters.”Text15 (4): 589–627.
    [Google Scholar]
  87. Watts, Richard
    2003Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511615184
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511615184 [Google Scholar]
  88. 2005 “Linguistic Politeness and Politic Verbal Behavior: Reconsidering Claims for Universality.”InPoliteness in Language: Studies in Its History, Theory and Practice, ed.byRichard Watts, Sachiko Ide, and Konrad Ehlich, 43–71. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110199819.1.43
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199819.1.43 [Google Scholar]
  89. Wu, Ruey-Jiuan Regina
    1997 “Transforming Participation Frameworks in Multi-Party Mandarin Conversation: The use of Discourse Particles and Body Behavior.”Issues in Applied Linguistics8 (2): 97–117.
    [Google Scholar]
  90. 2011 “A Conversation Analysis of Self-Praising in Everyday Mandarin Interaction.”Journal of Pragmatics43: 3152–3176. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2011.05.016
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.05.016 [Google Scholar]
  91. 2012 “Self-praising through Reporting: Strategic Use of Two Reporting Practices in Mandarin Conversation.”Discourse Processes49 (8): 622–659. doi: 10.1080/0163853X.2012.722060
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2012.722060 [Google Scholar]
  92. 2014 “Managing Turn Entry: The Design of EI -prefaced Turns in Mandarin Chinese.”Journal of Pragmatics66: 139–161. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.03.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.03.003 [Google Scholar]
  93. Yang, Mayfair Mei-hui
    1994Gifts, Favors, and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationships in China. New York: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  94. Yang, Ping
    2011 “Nonverbal Aspects of Turn Taking in Mandarin Chinese Interaction.”Chinese Language and Discourse2 (1): 99–130. doi: 10.1075/cld.2.1.09yan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cld.2.1.09yan [Google Scholar]
  95. Zhu, Weihua
    2014a “Managing Relationships in Everyday Practice: The Case of Strong Disagreement in Mandarin.”Journal of Pragmatics64: 85–101. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.01.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.01.010 [Google Scholar]
  96. 2014b “Rapport Management in Strong Disagreement: An Investigation of a Community of Chinese Speakers of English.”Text & Talk34 (5): 641–664. doi: 10.1515/text‑2014‑0021
    https://doi.org/10.1515/text-2014-0021 [Google Scholar]
  97. Zhu, Weihua , and Diana Boxer
    2013 “Strong Disagreement in Mandarin and ELFP: Aggressive or Politic?”Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict1 (2): 194–224. doi: 10.1075/jlac.1.2.04zhu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/jlac.1.2.04zhu [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Floor; Mandarin; Perception; Qiàdàng (Appropriate); Simultaneous Speech; Topic
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error