Volume 3, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238
Preview this article:


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Atkinson, J.M. and P. Drew
    (1979) Examination: a comparison of the turn-taking organizations for conversation and examination.” InOrder in court: The organisation of verbal interaction in judicial settings. London: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bell, Allan
    (1984) Language style as audience design. Language in Society13: 145-204. doi: 10.1017/S004740450001037X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S004740450001037X [Google Scholar]
  3. Danet, B
    (1980) Language in the courtroom. In H. Giles , P. Smith and P. Robinson (eds.)Language: Social psychological perspectives. Oxford: Pergamon, 367-376.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. (1990) Language and law: An overview of 15 years of research. In H. Giles and W. P. Robinson (eds.)Handbook of language and social psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Erickson, Frederick
    (1992) They know all the lines: Rhythmic organization and contextualization in a conversational listing routine. In Peter Auer and Aldo di Luzio (eds.), The contextualization of language. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamin Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/pbns.22
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.22 [Google Scholar]
  6. Erikson, Bonnie , E. Allan Lind , Bruce C. Johnson and William M. O’Barr
    (1978) Speech style and impression formation in a court setting: The effects of ‘powerful’ and ‘powerless’ speech. Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology14: 266-279. doi: 10.1016/0022‑1031(78)90015‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(78)90015-X [Google Scholar]
  7. Garner, T. and D.L. Rubin
    (1986) Middle class Blacks’ perceptions of dialect and style shifting: The case of southern attorneys. Journal of Social Psychology5(1): 33-48.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Goffman, Ervin
    (1981) Footing. InForms of talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gumperz, John J. and Jan-Petter Blom
    (1977) Social meaning in linguistic structures: Code-switching in Norway. In John Gumperz and Dell Hymes (eds.)Directions in sociolinguistics. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gumperz, John J
    (1982) Conversational code-switching. InDiscourse strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611834
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611834 [Google Scholar]
  11. Lakoff, Robin Tolmach
    (1990) Life and language in court. InTalking power. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lourie, Margaret A
    (1978) Black English Vernacular: A comparative description. In Margaret A. Lourie and Nancy F. Conklin (eds.), A pluralistic nation. Rowley, Mass: Newbury House.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Mitchell-Kernan, Claudia
    (1972) Signifying and marking: Two Afro-American speech acts. In John Gumperz and Dell Hymes (eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Myers-Scotton, Carol
    (1985) What the heck, sir: Style shifting and lexical colouring as features of powerful language. In Richard L. Street, jr. and Joseph N. Cappella (eds.), Sequence and pattern in communicative behavior. London: Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. (1988) Self-enhancing code switching as an interactional power. Language and Communication8(314): 199-211. doi: 10.1016/0271‑5309(88)90018‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0271-5309(88)90018-3 [Google Scholar]
  16. (1993) Social motivations for codeswitching: evidence from Africa. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Nofsinger, Robert E
    (1983) Tactical coherence in courtroom conversation. In Robert T. Craig and Karen Tracey (eds.), Conversational coherence. London: Sage Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Owsley, Heidi H. and Carol Myers-Scotton
    (1984) The conversational expression of power by television interviewers. Journal of Social Psychology123.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Philips, Susan
    (1987) On the use of wh questions in American courtroom discourse: A study of the relation between language form and language function. In Leah Keder (ed.), Power through discourse. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corp.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error