Volume 5, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1018-2101
  • E-ISSN: 2406-4238
Preview this article:


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Abu-Lughod, L. & C. Lutz
    (1990) Introduction: Emotion, discourse, and the politics of everyday life. In C. Lutz and L. Abu-Lughod (eds.). Language and the politics of emotion,. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.1-23.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bachnik, J.M
    (1992) The two ‘faces’ of self and society in Japan. Ethos20.1: 3-32. doi: 10.1525/eth.1992.20.1.02a00010
    https://doi.org/10.1525/eth.1992.20.1.02a00010 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bakker, E
    (1993) Boundaries, topics and the structure of discourse: An investigation of the Ancient Greek particle DÉ. Studies in language17.2: 275-311. doi: 10.1075/sl.17.2.02bak
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.17.2.02bak [Google Scholar]
  4. Besnier, Niko
    (1988) The linguistic relationships of spoken and written Nukulaelae registers. Language64.4: 707-736. doi: 10.2307/414565
    https://doi.org/10.2307/414565 [Google Scholar]
  5. (1989) Literacy and feelings: The encoding of affect in Nukulaelae letters. Text9.1: 69-91.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. (1990) Language and affect. Annual review of anthropology19: 419-451. doi: 10.1146/annurev.an.19.100190.002223
    https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.an.19.100190.002223 [Google Scholar]
  7. (1991) Literacy and the notion of person o Nukulaelae Atoll. American anthropologist93: 570-587. doi: 10.1525/aa.1991.93.3.02a00020
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1991.93.3.02a00020 [Google Scholar]
  8. Biber, D
    (1986) Spoken and written textual dimensions in English: Resolving the contradictory findings. Language62.2: 384-414. doi: 10.2307/414678
    https://doi.org/10.2307/414678 [Google Scholar]
  9. Brown. Gillian & George Yule
    (1983) Topic and the representation of discourse content. InDiscourse analysis:Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.68-101. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511805226.005
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805226.005 [Google Scholar]
  10. Brown, Penelope and Stephen C. Levinson
    (1987) Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bruner, E. M
    (1986) Experience and its expressions. In V.W. Turner and E.M. Bruner (eds.), The Ethnography of experience. Chicago, IL.: University of Illinois Press, pp.3-32.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Camitta, M
    (1993) Vernacular writing: Varieties of literacy among Philadelphia high school students. In B. Street (ed.), Cross-cultural approaches to literacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.228-246.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Chafe, W. & J. Danielewicz
    (1987) Properties of spoken and written language. In R. Horowitz and S.J. Samuels (eds.), Comprehending oral and written language. Academic Press, Inc., pp.83-113.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Clancy, P
    (1982) Written and spoken style in Japanese narratives. In D. Tannen (ed.), Spoken and written language: Exploring orality and literacy. Norwood, NJ.: ABLEX, pp.55-76.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Cook, H. M
    (1992) Meanings of non-referential indexes: A case of the Japanese sentence-final particle ne. Text12.4: 507-539.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Doi, Takeo
    (1973 [1971]) The Anatomy of dependence. Translated by John Bester . Tokyo: Koodansha International Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Eckert. P
    (1988) Adolescent social structure and the spread of linguistic change. Language in society17.2: 183-207. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500012756
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500012756 [Google Scholar]
  18. Fleischman, S
    (1990) The linguistic structure of narrative. InTense and narraiivity, Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Givón, T
    (1983a) Topic continuity in discourse: An introduction. In T. Givón (ed.). Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross-language study. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co., pp.1-41. doi: 10.1075/tsl.3.01giv
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.3.01giv [Google Scholar]
  20. (1983b) Topic continuity in discourse: The functional domain of switch reference. In J. Haiman and P. Munro (eds.), Switch-reference and universal grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co.. 51-82. doi: 10.1075/tsl.2.06giv
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.2.06giv [Google Scholar]
  21. Gumperz, J
    (1982) Discourse strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511611834
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611834 [Google Scholar]
  22. Halliday, M. A. K
    (1987) Spoken and written modes of meaning, in R. Horowitz and S.J. Samuels (eds.). Comprehending oral and written language. Academic Press, Inc., pp.55-82.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Hatta. T
    (1985) Reading process in Japanese: Do the Japanese have script-specific mechanisms?Language science7.2: 356-363. doi: 10.1016/S0388‑0001(85)80005‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0388-0001(85)80005-X [Google Scholar]
  24. Hatta, T. & T. Ogawa
    (1983)  Hiragana and Katakana in Japanese orthography and lexical representation. Language science5.2: 185-196. doi: 10.1016/S0388‑0001(83)80022‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0388-0001(83)80022-9 [Google Scholar]
  25. Hill, J. H
    (1991) Weeping as a meta-signal in a Mexicano Woman’s narrative. Journal of folklore research 21 All:29-49.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Hinds, J
    (1983) Topic continuity in Japanese [1], In T. Givón (ed.), Topic continuity m discourse: A quantitative cross-language study. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Co., pp.43-93. doi: 10.1075/tsl.3.02hin
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.3.02hin [Google Scholar]
  27. (1984) Topic maintenance in Japanese narratives and Japanese conversational interaction. Discourse processes 1:465-482. doi: 10.1080/01638538409544601
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638538409544601 [Google Scholar]
  28. Hon, M
    (1981) Shuu-joshi no shurui. In F. Peng (ed.), Male /female difference in Japanese. Tokyo: The East-West Sign Language Association, pp.53-96.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Holland, D. & N. Quinn
    (eds.) (1987) Cultural models in language and thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511607660
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511607660 [Google Scholar]
  30. Irvine. J
    (1990) Registering affect: Heteroglossia in the linguistic expression of emotion. In C. Lutz & L. Abu-Lughod (eds.). Language and the politics of emotion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.126-161.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Iwabuchi. T
    (1982) Katakana no kinoo no rekishi. In K. Morioka et al. (eds.), Kooza Nihongogaku 6: Gendai Hyooki to no Shiteki Taishoo. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin, pp.112-134.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Izuhara, E
    (1993)  Ne Myo saikoo: Ne to vo no komyunikeeshon kinoo no koosatsu kara. Nihongo kyooiku80: 103-114.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kamio, A
    (1994) The theory of territory of information: The case ol Japanese. Journal of pragmatics21:67-100. doi: 10.1016/0378‑2166(94)90047‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(94)90047-7 [Google Scholar]
  34. Kataoka, K
    (1994) Affect and letter writing: Use of unconventional signs and punctuation by young Japanese females. University of Arizona: ms. (Prepared for submission)
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Kinsui, S
    (1993) Shuu-joshiyo, ne. Gengo22.4: 118-121.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Kondo, D.K
    (1990) Crafting selves: Power, gender, and discourse of identity in a Japanese workplace. Chicago, IL.: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Labov, William
    (1972) Transformation of experience in narrative syntax. InLanguage in the inner City. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, pp.354-396.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Lakof’f, George
    (1987) Women, fire, and dangerous things. Chicago, IL.: University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  39. Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson
    (1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Loveday, Leo
    (1986) Explorations in Japanese sociolinguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. doi: 10.1075/pb.vii.1
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pb.vii.1 [Google Scholar]
  41. Masuoka, Takashi , & Yukinori Takubo
    (1989) Kiso Nihongo Bunpoo. Tokyo, Japan: Kuroshio Shuppan.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Maynard, Senko K
    (1993) Discourse modality: Subjectivity, emotion and voice m the Japanese ‘language. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Co. doi: 10.1075/pbns.24
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.24 [Google Scholar]
  43. Myhül, J. & J. Hibiya
    (1988) The discourse function of clause-chaining. In J. Haiman and S. Thompson (eds.), Clause combining in grammar and discourse. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Co., 361-398. doi: 10.1075/tsl.18.14myh
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.18.14myh [Google Scholar]
  44. Nakane, Chie
    (1970) Japanese Society. Berkeley/LA.: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Nystrand, M
    (1989) A social-interactive model of writing. Written Communication6.1: 66-85. doi: 10.1177/0741088389006001005
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0741088389006001005 [Google Scholar]
  46. Ochs, E
    (1992) Indexing gender. In A. Duranti and C. Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.335-358.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Ochs, E. & E. Schieffelin
    (1989) Language has a heart. Text9.1: 7-25.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Ogura, H
    (1985) Shuu-joshi, Kantoo-joshi. In K. Suzuki and O. Hayashi (eds.), Kenkyuu Shiryoo Ninon Bunpoo Dai 7-kan: Joji-hen (.l)jo-shi, Jodoo-shi Jiten. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin, pp.225-250.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Okonogi. Keigo
    (1981) Moratoriamu Ningen no Jidai. Tokyo: Chuuookooronsha.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Polanyi, L. & L. Martin
    (1990) On the formal treatment of discourse particles: The case of Mocho la and -a.” ms .
  51. Quinn, N
    (1987) Convergent evidence for a cultural model of American marriage. In D. Holland and N. Quinn (eds.). Cultural models m language and thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.173-192. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511607660.008
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511607660.008 [Google Scholar]
  52. Rand, D. , & D. Sankoff
    (1990) GOLDVARB version 2.0: A variable rule application for the Macintosh. Centre de recherches mathénatiques. Université de Montréal.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Rubin, D. L
    (1984) The influence of communicative context on stylistic variation in writing. In A.D. Pellegrini and T.D. Yawkey (eds.), The development of oral and written language in social contexts. Norwood. NJ: ABLEX, pp213-231.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Sakata, M
    (1991) The acquisition of Japanese ‘gender’ particles. Language & communication11.3: 117-125. doi: 10.1016/0271‑5309(91)90001‑C
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0271-5309(91)90001-C [Google Scholar]
  55. Schiffrin, D
    (1981) ‘Tense variation in narrative.’ Language57.1: 45-62. doi: 10.1353/lan.1981.0011
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1981.0011 [Google Scholar]
  56. Shaw, T
    (1994) The semiotic mediation of identity. Ethos22.1: 83-119. doi: 10.1525/eth.1994.22.1.02a00030
    https://doi.org/10.1525/eth.1994.22.1.02a00030 [Google Scholar]
  57. Shibamoto. J
    (1987) The womanly woman: Manipulation of stereotypical and nonstereotypical leatures of Japanese female speech. In S. Philips , S. Steele & C. Tan (eds.). Language, gender and sex m comparative perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.26-49. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511621918.003
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511621918.003 [Google Scholar]
  58. Shirakawa. H
    (1992) Sfiuu-joshi yo no kmoo. Nihongo kxooiku 11:36-48.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Silva-Corvahln, C
    (1983) ‘Tense and aspect in oral Spanish narrative: Context and meaning. Language59.4: 760-780. doi: 10.2307/413372
    https://doi.org/10.2307/413372 [Google Scholar]
  60. Tani/aki, Jun’ichiro
    (1975) Bunshoo Dokuhon. Tokvo- Chuuookooronsha.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Tannen. D
    (1982) The oral/literate continuum in discourse. In D. Tannen (ed.), Spoken and written langtag’. Norwood. NJ.: ABLEX. pp.1-16.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. (1992) How is conversation like literary discourse?In P. Downing , S.D. Lima and M. Noonan (eds.). The linguistics of literacy. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp.31-46. doi: 10.1075/tsl.21.06tan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.21.06tan [Google Scholar]
  63. Urban, Greg
    (1991) A discourse-centered approach to culture. Austin. Texas: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. van Dijk, Teun A
    (1980) Macrostriiciures: An interdisciplinary study of global structures in discourse, interaction, and cognition. Hillsdale, NJ.: LEA.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. (1982) Episodes as units of discourse analysis. In D. Tannen (ed.), Analyzing discourse: Text and talk. Washington: Georgetown University Press, pp.177-195.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. van Dijk, Teun A. & Walter Kintsch
    (1983) Stratèges of discourse comprehension. New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Watanabe. Y
    (1994) Clause-chaining, switch-reference and action/event continuity in Japanese discourse: The case of te, to and zero-conjunction. Studies in language18.1: 127-203. doi: 10.1075/sl.18.1.07wat
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.18.1.07wat [Google Scholar]
  68. Wolfson, N
    (1978) A feature of performed narrative: The conversational historical presentLanguage in society7: 215-237. doi: 10.1017/S0047404500005534
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500005534 [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error