Volume 9, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


This article provides an insight into the expression of reportative evidentiality in Spanish scientific articles published between 1799 and 1920. Central to the discussion is the presence and specificity of sources in reportative constructions. While contemporary scientific discourse prioritizes the use of specific, reportative-quotative evidentials, this is not a constant feature of articles analyzed in this study. In order to trace this historical variation, we established a classification of reportative constructions according to the specificity of the evidence they convey and we conducted both qualitative and quantitative analyses. According to our results, different specificity patterns were prominent in different temporal stages of the period under review. We argue that this can be interpreted in light of the growth and changing practices of the scientific community.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Aikhenvald, Alexandra
    2007 “Information Source and Evidentiality: What Can We Conclude?” Rivista di Linguistica19 (1): 209–227.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Albelda Marco, Marta
    2015 Evidentiality in Non-Evidential Languages: Are There Evidentials in Spanish?Journal of Pragmatics85: 135–137.10.1016/j.pragma.2015.04.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2015.04.002 [Google Scholar]
  3. Alonso-Almeida, Francisco
    2015 “On the Mitigating Function of Modality and Evidentiality. Evidence from English and Spanish Medical Research Papers.” Intercultural Pragmatics12 (1): 33–57.10.1515/ip‑2015‑0002
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ip-2015-0002 [Google Scholar]
  4. Banks, David
    2008Development of Scientific Writing: Linguistic Features and Historical Context. London: Equinox Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chafe, Wallace L.
    1986 “Evidentiality in English Conversation and Academic Writing.” In: Evidentiality: the Linguistic Coding of Epistemology, ed. by Wallace L. Chafe and Johanna Nichols , 261–272. Norwood, N. J.: Ablex.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Corell Doménech, María Vicenta , and Víctor Navarro Brotons
    2004 “Prensa y periodismo científico en España.” InDoce Calas en la Historia de la Prensa Española Especializada, 53–83. Madrid: Asosiación de la Prensa de Guadalajara.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dehkordi, Mojdeh Ebrahimi , and Hamid Allami
    2012 “Evidentiality in Academic Writing”. Theory and Practice in Language Studies2(9): 1895–1904.10.4304/tpls.2.9.1895‑1904
    https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.2.9.1895-1904 [Google Scholar]
  8. Diewald, Gabriele , and Elena Smirnova
    2010 “Introduction. Evidentiality in European Languages: The Lexical-Grammatical Distinction.” InLinguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages, ed. by Gabriele Diewald and Elena Smirnova , 1–14. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110223972.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110223972.1 [Google Scholar]
  9. Gross, Alan G. , Joseph E. Harmon , and Michael S. Reidy
    2002Communicating Science. The Scientific Article from the 17th Century to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Grossmann, Francis , and Agnès Tutin
    2010 “Evidential Markers in French Scientific Writing: The Case of French Verb voir . InLinguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages, ed. by Gabriele Diewald and Elena Smirnova , 279–307. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hyland, Ken
    2005Metadiscourse. Exploring Interaction in Writing. London & New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 2009a “Writing in the Disciplines: Research Evidence for Specificity.” Taiwan International ESP Journal1 (1): 5–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2009bAcademic Discourse. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2009c “Corpus Informed Discourse Analysis: The Case of Academic Engagement.” InAcademic Writing: At the Interface of Corpus and Discourse, ed. by Maggie Charles , Diane Pecorari , and Susan Hunston , 110–128. London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kotwica, Dorota
    2015 “Evidential al parecer: Between the Physical and the Cognitive Meaning in Spanish Scientific Prose of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Centuries.” Journal of Pragmatics85: 155–167.10.1016/j.pragma.2015.03.021
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2015.03.021 [Google Scholar]
  16. Kousantoni, Dimitra
    2004 “Attitude, Certainty and Allusions to Common Knowledge in Scientific Research Articles.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes3: 163–182.10.1016/j.jeap.2003.08.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2003.08.001 [Google Scholar]
  17. Lampert, Günther , and Martina Lampert
    2010 “Where Does Evidentiality Reside? Notes on (Alleged) Limiting Cases: Seem and Be Like .” STUF Language Typology and Universals63 (4): 308–321.10.1524/stuf.2010.0024
    https://doi.org/10.1524/stuf.2010.0024 [Google Scholar]
  18. López Piñero, José María
    (ed.) 1992La Ciencia en la España del Siglo XIX. Madrid: Marcial Pons.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. McClellan, James E.
    1979 “The Scientific Press in Transition: Rozier’s Journal and the Scientific Societies in the 1770s.” Annals of Science36 (5): 425–449.10.1080/00033797900200321
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00033797900200321 [Google Scholar]
  20. Polo, Anna
    2012 “Evidencialidad y tiempos verbales en un corpus de manuales académicos.” Orillas1: 1–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Salager-Meyer, Françoise
    1999 “Referential Behaviour in Scientific Writing: a Diachronic Study (1810–1995).” English for Specific Purposes18 (3): 279–305.10.1016/S0889‑4906(97)00042‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-4906(97)00042-2 [Google Scholar]
  22. Swales, John M.
    (ed.) 1990 (2007, 13th ed). Genre Analysis. English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Taavitsainen, Irma
    2001 “Evidentiality and Scientific Thought-Styles: English Medical Writing in Late Middle English and Early Modern English.” InModality in Specialized Texts, Selected Papers of the 1st CERLIS Conferenceed. by Maurizio Gotti and Marina Dossena , 21–52. Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford & Wien: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Vernet Ginés, Juan
    1998 [1975]Historia de la Ciencia Española. Barcelona: Alta Fulla.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error