1887
Volume 11, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This article investigates the linguistic manifestations of gender discriminating stereotypes in the news coverage of the 2015 rape case “People v. Turner”. The case centers around a rape perpetrated by Brock Turner on the Stanford University campus in California. Articles from the online edition of the are systematically analysed with respect to rape-myth consistent argumentation, amount of coverage granted to the perspectives of victim and perpetrator, naming/labelling of victim and perpetrator, and the transitivity choices that were made. All these factors can be identified in the news coverage of the Brock Turner case in one way or another. They result in victim blaming and mitigating perpetrator responsibility serving to show that sexist reporting is still an important issue where serious crimes like rape are concerned. Such linguistic practices re-victimise victims of sexist violence and ultimately contribute to a misogynist discourse and the reproduction and perpetuation of sexist stereotypes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ps.17016.vie
2020-07-31
2020-08-12
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bednarek, Monika & Helen Caple
    2012News Discourse. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Benedict, Helen
    1992Virgin or vamp. How the press covers sex crimes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beyda, Joseph, & Alice Philips
    2015a “Freshman swimmer Brock Turner faces five felony counts after alleged rape”, Stanford DailyJanuary 2015, <www.stanforddaily.com/2015/01/27/freshman-male-athlete-arrested-for-attempted-rape-on-jan-18/ (accessedDecember 12, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Beyda, Joseph, & Alice Philips
    2015b “Police report: Brock Turner admits sexual contact, denies alleged rape”, Stanford DailyJanuary 2015, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2015/01/29/police-report-turner-admits-sexual-contact-denies-alleged-rape/ (accessedJanuary 2, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bohner, Gerd
    2001 “Writing about rape: Use of the passive voice and other distancing text features as an expression of perceived responsibility of the victim”, British Journal of Social Psychology40, 515–529. 10.1348/014466601164957
    https://doi.org/10.1348/014466601164957 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bucholtz, Mary
    2003 “Theories of Discourse as Theories of Gender: Discourse Analysis in Language and Gender Studies. In: Janet Holmes & Miriam Meyerhoffeds., The Handbook of Language and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell, 43–68. 10.1002/9780470756942.ch2
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470756942.ch2 [Google Scholar]
  7. Buncombe, Andrew
    2016 “Stanford rape case: Read the impact statement of Brock Turner’s victim”, IndependentSeptember 2016, <https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/stanford-rape-case-read-the-impact-statement-of-brock-turners-victim-a7222371.html (accessedSeptember 9, 2016).
  8. Christie, Nils
    1986 “The ideal victim”, in: From crime policy to victim policy: Reorienting the justice system, London: Macmillan, 17–30. 10.1007/978‑1‑349‑08305‑3_2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-08305-3_2 [Google Scholar]
  9. Clark, Kate
    1992 The linguistics of blame: representations of women in The Sun’s reporting of crimes of sexual violence. In: Michael Toolan, ed., Language, text and context. Essays in stylistics, London & New York: Routledge, 208–226.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Danesi, Marcel
    (1999), Of cigarettes, high heels, and other interesting things. An introduction to semiotics, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dijk, Teun A. van
    1988News as discourse, Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Entman, Robert
    (2004), Projections of power. Framing news, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy, Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fillmore, Charles J.
    1968 The case for case”. InEmmon Bach & Robert T. Harms. ed..Universals in linguistic theory, New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1–88.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 1971 Some problems for case grammar. In: R. J. O’Brien. ed.22nd annual round table. Linguistics: Developments of the sixties – viewpoints of the seventies, Volume 24 Monograph Series on Language and Linguistics, Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 35–56.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Grice, H. Paul
    1975 Logic and Conversation”, In: Peter Cole & Jerry L. Morgan. eds. 1975 Syntax and semantics. Vol.3: Speech Acts. New York: Academic Press. 47–61.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gwinn, Casey
    2016 “‘Twenty minutes of action’”, Stanford DailyJune 2016 <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/06/08/me-ay-twenty-minutes-of-action/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hayes, Saunders
    2016a “A case against Brock Turner’s incarceration” Stanford DailyMay 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/05/26/a-case-against-brock-turners-incarceration/ (accessedJanuary 21, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 2016b “Brock Turner’s scarlet letter”, Stanford DailyJune 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/06/09/brock-turners-scarlet-letter/ (accessedJanuary 19, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Henley, Nancy, Michelle Miller & Jo Anne Beazley
    1995 Syntax, semantics and sexual violence. Agency and the passive voice. Journal of Language and Social Psychology14, 60—84. 10.1177/0261927X95141004
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X95141004 [Google Scholar]
  20. Jeffries, Lesley
    2010Critical stylistics. The power of English. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1007/978‑1‑137‑04516‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-04516-4 [Google Scholar]
  21. Knowles, Hannah
    2016a “Brock Turner trial continues in second week of testimony”, Stanford DailyMarch 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/03/21/brock-turner-trial-continues-in-second-week-of-testimony/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2016b “Brock Turner testifies in ongoing trial”, Stanford DailyMarch 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/03/23/brock-turner-testifies-in-ongoing-trial/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2016c “Brock Turner found guilty on three felony counts”, Stanford DailyMarch 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/03/30/brock-turner-found-guilty-on-three-felony-counts/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lamb, Sharon
    1991 Acts without agents: An analysis of linguistic avoidance in journal articles on men who batter women. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry61(2.250—257. 10.1037/h0079243
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079243 [Google Scholar]
  25. Lindgren, Simon & Ragnar Lundström
    2010 Inside victims and outside offenders: dislocations and interventions in the discourse of rape. Social Semiotics20(3.309–324. 10.1080/10350331003722885
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10350331003722885 [Google Scholar]
  26. Matoesian, Gregory
    1993Reproducing Rape: Domination through Talk in the Courtroom, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Mardorossian, Carine
    2014Framing the rape victim. Gender and agency reconsidered, London: Rutgers University Press. 10.36019/9780813566047
    https://doi.org/10.36019/9780813566047 [Google Scholar]
  28. Meyers, Marianne
    1997News coverage of violence against women. Engendering blame, Thousand Oaks: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mulla, Sameena
    2014The Violence of Care: Rape Victims, Forensic Nurses, and Sexual Assault Intervention. New York: New York University Press. 10.18574/nyu/9781479800315.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.18574/nyu/9781479800315.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  30. Nagar, Ila
    2016 Reporting Rape: Language, neoliberalism and the media. Discourse & Communication10(3).257—273. 10.1177/1750481315623900
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481315623900 [Google Scholar]
  31. Page, Amy Dellinger
    2008 Judging Women and Defining Crime: Police Officers’ Attitudes Toward Women and Rape. Sociological Spectrum28(4.389–411. 10.1080/02732170802053621
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02732170802053621 [Google Scholar]
  32. Pagelow, M. D.
    1981Woman battering. Victims and their experiences. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Smith, Caleb
    2015 “Brock Turner pleads guilty on five felony charges”, Stanford DailyFebruary 2015, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2015/02/02/brock-turner-pleads-not-guilty-to-five-felony-charges/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Tabbert, Ulrike
    2016Language and Crime. Constructing offenders and victims in newspaper reports. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Thomson, Elizabeth, Peter White & Philip Kitley
    2008) “Objectivity and ‘hard news’ reporting across cultures”, Journalism Studies9(2).212–228. 10.1080/14616700701848261
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14616700701848261 [Google Scholar]
  36. Ungerer, Friedrich
    1997 Emotions and emotional language in English and German news stories. In: Susanne Niemeier and René Dirven, eds., The Language of Emotions. Conceptualization, expression and theoretical function., Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 307–328. 10.1075/z.85.20ung
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.85.20ung [Google Scholar]
  37. Weiss, Karen
    2009 ‘Boys will be boys’ and other gendered accounts. An exploration of victim’s excuses and justifications for unwanted sexual contact and coercion”, Violence Against Women15(7.810–834. 10.1177/1077801209333611
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801209333611 [Google Scholar]
  38. Worthington, Nancy
    2008 Encoding and Decoding Rape News. How Progressive Reporting Inverts Textual Orientations. Women’s Studies in Communication31(3.344–367. 10.1080/07491409.2008.10162546
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07491409.2008.10162546 [Google Scholar]
  39. Xu, Victor
    2016a “Brock Turner sentenced to six months in county jail, three years probation”, Stanford DailyJune 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/06/02/brock-turner-sentenced-to-six-months-in-county-jail-three-years-probation/ (accessedJanuary 22, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  40. 2016b “The full letter read by Brock Turner’s father at his sentencing hearing”, Stanford DailyJune 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/06/08/the-full-letter-read-by-brock-turners-father-at-his-sentencing-hearing/ (accessedJanuary 17, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 2016c “Brock Turner’s statement in trial and at his sentencing hearing”, Stanford DailyJune 2016, <https://www.stanforddaily.com/2016/06/10/brock-turners-statement-in-trial-and-at-his-sentencing-hearing/ (accessedJanuary 19, 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Cambridge International Dictionary of English
    Cambridge International Dictionary of English 1995 Paul Procter. ed.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1621.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ps.17016.vie
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ps.17016.vie
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Brock Turner , discourse analysis , linguistic victimisation , naming , news media , rape , sexual violence and transitivity
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error