1887
Volume 12, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper examines disagreement strategies employed by speakers of Jordanian Spoken Arabic (JSA) with a view to finding out whether variables like gender and social status affect the linguistic choices and disagreement strategies they employ. The subjects are 28 Jordanian Arabic-speaking students at the University of Jordan. The researchers analyze the students’ interactional recorded responses to a set of stimuli included in an oral (recorded) discourse completion task (ODCT) prepared for this purpose. The ODCT comprises six scenarios in which the respondent is requested to disagree with two peers, two higher-status interlocutors and two lower-status interlocutors. The findings show that male and female subjects’ disagreement strategies tend to be influenced by the topic under discussion rather than by the gender and status of their interlocutor. However, some topics are found to be more provocative to females than to males.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18006.ham
2021-07-05
2022-01-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abuarrah, Sufyan, Katja Lochtman, and Madeline Lutjerhams
    2013 “Cross Cultural Pragmatics Requests’ Use of Strategy and Level of Directness in Palestinian Arabic and British English.” An – Najah University Journal for Research27 (5): 1109–1144.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Al-Gahtani, Saad, and Carsten Roever
    2015 “The Development of Requests by L2 Learners of Modern Standard Arabic: A Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Study.” Foreign Language Annuals48 (4): 570–583. 10.1111/flan.12157
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12157 [Google Scholar]
  3. Al-Issa, Ahmad
    1998 “Sociopragmatic Transfer in the Performance of Refusals by Jordanian EFL Learners: Evidence and Motivating Factors.” PhD diss., Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brown, Penelope, and Stephen Levinson
    1987Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511813085
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813085 [Google Scholar]
  5. Chojimah, Nurul
    2015 “Refusal and Politeness Strategies in Relation to Social Status: A Case of Face-threatening Act among Indonesian University Students.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies5 (5): 906–918. 10.17507/tpls.0505.04
    https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0505.04 [Google Scholar]
  6. Fraser, Bruce, and William Nolen
    1981 “The Association of Deference with Linguistic Form.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 1981 (27): 93–110. 10.1515/ijsl.1981.27.93
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ijsl.1981.27.93 [Google Scholar]
  7. Glaser, Karen
    2009 “Acquiring Pragmatic Competence in a Foreign Language – Mastering Dispreferred Speech Acts.” Topics in Linguistics (4): 50–57.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Guodong, Liang, and Han Jing
    2005 “A Contrastive Study on Disagreement Strategies for Politeness between American English and Mandarin Chinese.” Asian EFL Journal7 (10): 1–12.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Istifçi, Ilknur, and Yunusemre Kampusü
    2009 “The Use of Apologies by EFL Learners.” English Language Teaching2 (3): 15–25. 10.5539/elt.v2n3p15
    https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v2n3p15 [Google Scholar]
  10. Koczogh, Helga
    2012 “The Role of Gender in Verbal Disagreement: A Study of Disagreement Strategies Employed by Hungarian Undergraduate Students.” Gender Studies11 (1): 233–244. 10.2478/v10320‑012‑0042‑5
    https://doi.org/10.2478/v10320-012-0042-5 [Google Scholar]
  11. 2014 “The Development of a Taxonomy of Verbal Disagreements in the Light of the P-model.” InThe Evidential Basis of Linguistic Argumentation, ed. byAndrás Kertész and Csilla Rákosi, 133–178. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 10.1075/slcs.153.06koc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.153.06koc [Google Scholar]
  12. Kreutel, Karen
    2007 “I’m not Agree with you.” ESL Learners’ Expressions of Disagreement.” Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language11 (3): 1–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Leech, Geoffrey
    1983Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Locher, Miriam
    2004Power and Politeness in Action: Disagreements in Oral Communication. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110926552
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110926552 [Google Scholar]
  15. Maiz-Arevalo, Carmen
    2014 “ Expressing disagreement in English as a Lingua Franca: Whose Pragmatic Rules?” Intercultural Pragmatics11 (2): 199–224. 10.1515/ip‑2014‑0009
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ip-2014-0009 [Google Scholar]
  16. Morkus, Nader
    2009 “The Realization of the Speech Act of Refusal in Egyptian Arabic by American Learners of Arabic as a Foreign Language.” PhD diss., University of South Florida.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Muntigl, Peter, and William Turnbull
    1998 “Conversational Structure and Facework in Arguing.” Journal of Pragmatics29 (3): 225–256. 10.1016/S0378‑2166(97)00048‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(97)00048-9 [Google Scholar]
  18. Searle, John
    1969Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139173438
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173438 [Google Scholar]
  19. Wierzbicka, Anna
    1985 “Different Cultures, Different Languages, Different Speech Acts: Polish vs. English.” Journal of Pragmatics9 (2): 145–178. 10.1016/0378‑2166(85)90023‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(85)90023-2 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18006.ham
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18006.ham
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Arabic; disagreement strategies; Jordan; ODCT; pragmatics
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error