1887
Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The current study reports on a variational pragmatic comparison of compliments and compliment responses between Egyptian and Saudi Arabic. Data were collected by using Discourse Completion Tasks from 443 Egyptian and 428 Saudi undergraduates, and were analyzed using adaptations of Yuan’s (2002) and Herbert’s (1986) models. The results reveal significant differences in politeness management between Egyptian and Saudi youth, particularly with Egyptians producing more explicit compliment strategies and Saudis showing stronger preference for implicit compliment strategies and combination patterns. Less difference is noted in compliment responses with only Egyptians exhibiting higher use of additional strategies. The findings are interpreted in light of politeness theory and the interplay between cultural values and linguistic behavior.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18037.eld
2021-10-29
2021-12-03
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abdel Hady, Saleem
    2015 “The Pragmatic Functions of the Ostensible Communicative Act of Invitation in Jordanian Arabic.” SKY Journal of Linguistics28: 7–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Abdul Sattar, Hiba Qusay, Slasiah Che Lah, and Raja Rozina Raja Suleiman
    2010 “A Study on Strategies Used in Iraqi Arabic to Refuse Suggestions.” The International Journal of Language, Society and Culture30: 81–95.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Adrefiza, and Jeremy F. Jones
    2013 “Investigating Apology Response Strategies in Australian English and Bahasa Indonesia: Gender & Cultural Perspectives.” Australian Review of Applied Linguistics36(1): 71–101. 10.1075/aral.36.1.04jon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aral.36.1.04jon [Google Scholar]
  4. Al-Ageel, Hessah
    2016 Requesting Behavior of Saudi Arabian Women in Contemporary Arabic-speaking Situations. Doctoral thesis atRMIT University, Australia. Retrieved from: https://researchbank.rmit.edu.au/eserv/rmit:161694/Al_Ageel.pdf
  5. Al-Gahtani, Saad, and Carsten Roever
    2015 “The Development of Requests by L2 Learners of Modern Standard Arabic: A Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Study.” Foreign Language Annals48(4): 570–583. 10.1111/flan.12157
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12157 [Google Scholar]
  6. Al-Khatib, Mahmoud A.
    2006 “The Pragmatics of Invitation Making and Acceptance in Jordanian Society.” Journal of Language and Linguistics5(2): 272–294.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Al-rousan, Mohammad Yahya, Norsimah Mat Awal, and Khazriyati Binti Salehuddin
    2016 “Compliment Responses among Male and Female Jordanian University Students.” GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies16(1): 19–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Al-Shorman and Ra’ed Abdelgadder
    2016 “Saudi and Jordanian Undergraduates’ Complaining Strategies: A Comparative Intralanguage Educational Linguistic Study.” Arab World English Journal7(1): 203–228. 10.24093/awej/vol7no1.14
    https://doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol7no1.14 [Google Scholar]
  9. AlTalhi and Hana Khalafallah
    2014 Speech Acts of Thanking and Thanking Responses by Hijazi Females. Master’s thesis atBall State University, USA. Retrieved from: cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/bitstream/handle/123456789/198558/AltalhiH_2014-3_BODY.pdf
  10. Barron, Anne
    2006Requesting in Irish English and English English: A Study of Intralingual Regional Pragmatic Variation. Unpublished LAUD paper No. 684. Retrieved from: www.linse.uni-due.de/linse/laud/index.html
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Beebe, Leslie M., and Martha Clark Cummins
    1996 “Natural Speech Data versus Written Questionnaire Data: How Data Collection Method Affects Speech Act Performance.” InSpeech Acts across Cultures, ed. bySusan Gass and Joyce Neu, 56–86. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Brown, Penelope, and Stephen C. Levinson
    1987Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511813085
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813085 [Google Scholar]
  13. Demeter, Gusztav
    2000 A Pragmatic Study of Apology Strategies in Romanian. Master’s thesis at theOklahoma State University, USA. Retrieved from: https://shareok.org/bitstream/handle/11244/9512/Demeter_okstate_0664M_1727.pdf?sequence=1
  14. Ebadi, Saman, and Ahmed Rawdhan Salman
    2015 “Using Compliment Responses in Arabic and English: Focusing on Male and Female EFL Learners in Iraq.” Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research2(7): 157–178.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. El-Dakhs, Dina Abdel Salam
    2017 “The Compliment Response Strategies of Egyptian Arabic-English Bilinguals.” Language and Dialogue7(3): 387–412. 10.1075/ld.7.3.03sal
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.7.3.03sal [Google Scholar]
  16. 2018a “Saying “Yes” and “No” to Requests: Is it the Same in Egyptian and Saudi Arabic?” Language and Dialogue8(2): 236–262. 10.1075/ld.00014.eld
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.00014.eld [Google Scholar]
  17. 2018b Investigating the apology strategies of Saudi learners of English: Foreign language learning in focus. Pragmatics & Society9(4): 601–628. 10.1075/ps.16048.eld
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ps.16048.eld [Google Scholar]
  18. El-Dakhs, Dina Abdel Salam, Jawaher Nasser AlHaqbani, Manal Althaqafi, and Shrouq Alfouzan
    2019 How do Saudis complain? A dialogue-analytic analysis of the Najdi dialect. Language and Dialogue9(2): 264–293. 10.1075/ld.00041.eld
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ld.00041.eld [Google Scholar]
  19. El-Dakhs, Dina Abdel Salam, Maruf Rahman, Musinah Muhammad, and Fouzia Amroun
    2019 The Saudi EFL learners’ complaint behavior: A study on interlanguage pragmatics. The Asian EFL Journal24 (4): 295–324.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Enssaif, Zahraa Abdelkareem
    2005 Compliment Behavor: Strategies and Realizations in English and Arabic: A Case Study of Female Students of the English Department at King Saud University. Master’s thesis atKing Saud University, Saudi Arabia. Retrieved from: repository.ksu.edu.sa/jspui/bitstream/123456789/8856/1/
  21. Farenkia, Bernard Mulo
    2011 “Speech Acts and Regional Variations in French: The Case of Compliments on Skills in Cameroon and Canadian French.” Speech and Context2(3): 1–19.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2012 “Responding to Compliments in Cameroon French and Canadian French.” US-China Foreign Language10(5): 1135–1153.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2013 “All thanks goes to the Almighty” – A variational and postcolonial pragmatic perspective on responses to thanks.” Sino-US English Teaching, 10(9): 707–724.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Grainger, Karen, Zainab Kerkam, Fathia Mansor, and Sara Mills
    2015 “Offering and Hospitality in Arabic and English.” Journal of Politeness Research11(1): 41–70. 10.1515/pr‑2015‑0003
    https://doi.org/10.1515/pr-2015-0003 [Google Scholar]
  25. Herbert, Robert K.
    1986 “Say “Thank you” or Something.” American Speech61(1): 76–88. 10.2307/454710
    https://doi.org/10.2307/454710 [Google Scholar]
  26. 1989 “The Ethnography of English Compliments and Compliment Responses: A Contrastive Sketch.” InContrastive Pragmatics, ed. byWieslaw Oleksy, 3–35. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Holmes, Janet
    1988 “Compliments and Compliment Responses in New Zealand.” Anthropological Linguistics28(4): 485–508.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Hussein, Riyad F., and Mamoun T. Hammouri
    1998 “Strategies of apology in Jordanian Arabic and American English.” Grazer Linguistische Studien49: 37–50.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kachru, Yamuna
    1998 “Culture and Speech Acts: Evidence from Indian and Singaporean English.” Studies in the Linguistic Sciences28(1): 79–98.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Kirdasi, Malak Ismail
    2013 “Hello” or “Salaam?” Greetings by Arabs and Americans. Master’s Thesis atNational Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. Retrieved from: https://ir.nctu.edu.tw/bitstream/11536/72407/1/951101.pdf
  31. Leech, Geoffrey
    1983Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Li, Song, and Liu Lida
    2002 Apologies in Chinese and English – A Research Report. Intercultural Communication Studies5(3): 131–144.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Majeed, Aamir, and Fauzia Janjua
    2014 “Apology Strategies and Gender: A Pragmatic Study of Apology Speech Acts in Urdu Language.” Merit Research Journal of Education and Review2(3): 054–061.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Masoumzadeh, Ali, and Seyyed Ali Ghanadi
    2016 “Contrastive Analysis of Compliments Given by Facebook Commentators in the Pages of Iranian and England Foreign Ministers.” International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning5(3): 83–90.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Melin, Susanna
    2014“Thanks! You Look Rather Dashing Yourself.” A Contrastive Pragmatics Investigation of Singaporean and American Compliment Responses. Master’s Degree project at Stockholms University. Retrieved from: www.diva-portal.se/smash/get/diva2:723260/FULLTEXT01.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Morkus, Nader
    2009 The Realization of the Speech Act of Refusal in Egyptian Arabic by American Learners of Arabic as a Foreign Language. Doctoral thesis at theUniversity of South Florida, USA. Retrieved from: scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3113&context=etd
  37. 2014 “Refusals in Egyptian Arabic and American English.” Journal of Pragmatics70: 86–107. 10.1016/j.pragma.2014.06.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2014.06.001 [Google Scholar]
  38. Mostafa, Mariam
    2015 A Study of Compliment Responses among Male and Female Egyptian Undergraduate Students. Master’s thesis at theAmerican University in Cairo, Egypt. Retrieved from: dar.aucegypt.edu/handle/10526/4390
  39. Mughazy, Mustafa A.
    2000 “Pragmatics of the Evil Eye in Egyptian Arabic.” Studies in the Linguistic Sciences30(2): 147–157.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Nelson, Gaylel, Mahmoud Al-Batal, and Erin Echols
    1996 “Arabic and English compliment responses: Potential for pragmatic failure.” Applied Linguistics17(4): 411–432. 10.1093/applin/17.4.411
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/17.4.411 [Google Scholar]
  41. Payne, Sophie
    2013 “Compliment responses of female German and Italian university students: A contrastive study.” Language Studies Working Papers at the University of Reading5: 22–31.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Pomerantz, Anita
    1978 “Compliment Responses: Notes on the Co-operation of Multiple Constraints.” InStudies in the Organization of Conversational Interaction, ed. byJim Schenkein, 79–112. New York: Academic Press. 10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑623550‑0.50010‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-623550-0.50010-0 [Google Scholar]
  43. Pour, Vahid Shahidi, and Gholam Reza Zarei
    2017 “Investigating the use of compliments and compliment responses in Persian: The effect of educational background.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature6(1): 227–239. 10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.1p.227
    https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.1p.227 [Google Scholar]
  44. Qanbar, Nada
    2012 “Compliments in the Yemeni society: A sociolinguistic perspective.” GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies12(3): 999–1017.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Quran, Afnan Abd Allah
    2012 Compliment Expressions: A Contrastive Study of American English and Jordanian Arabic. Master’s thesis atYarmouk University. Retrieved fromrepository.yu.edu.jo/bitstream/handle/123456789/2984/593099%20%20%20%20.pdf?sequence=1
  46. Salameh, Abdallah
    2001 Compliment Responses in American English, Saudi Arabic and the Egnlish of Saudi EFL Learners. Doctoral thesis at theUniversity of Leicester, UK. Retrieved from: https://lra.le.ac.uk/bitstream/2381/30977/1/U158387.pdf
  47. Schneider, Klaus P., and Anne Barron
    2008 “Where Pragmatics and Dialectology Meet: Introducing Variational Pragmatics.” InVariational pragmatics. A focus on regional varieties in pluricentric languages. [Pragmatics and Beyond New Series 178], ed. byKlaus P. Schneider & Anne Barron. 1–32. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.178.02sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.178.02sch [Google Scholar]
  48. Sidraschi, Diego
    2014 “Pragmatics and ethnolinguistics of compliment: Compliment responses in Novara and Grottaglie.” Lingue e Linguaggio11: 225–239.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sorahi, Mohammad Amin, and Tahereh Beigom Nazemi
    2013 “A cross-cultural study of the use of compliment strategies among English and Persian speakers.” Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research16(9): 1292–1296.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Srichampa, Sophana
    2005 “Comparison of greetings in the Vietnamese dialects of Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City.” The Mon-Khmer Studies Journal35: 83–99.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Stapleton, Laura Elizabeth
    2004 Variation in the Performance of Speech Acts in Peninsular Spanish: Apologies and Requests. Doctoral thesis at theLouisiana State University, USA. Retrieved from: etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-06032004-191432/unrestricted/Stapleton_dis.pdf
  52. Sury-Yallah, Mohammad, and Fahd Mosaad Allahiby
    2014 “Shifting responsibility strategies: Apology in Saudi Arabia.” College of Arts and Languages Journal, Mohamed Khaider University, Algeria14&15: 3–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Tag-Eldin, Khalid
    2016 “Realization patterns of request in Sudanese Arabic and English.” Horizons in Humanities and Social Sciences1(2): 65–81. 10.19089/hhss.v1i2.12
    https://doi.org/10.19089/hhss.v1i2.12 [Google Scholar]
  54. Turnbull, William
    2001 “An appraisal of pragmatic elicitation techniques for the social psychological study of talk: The case of request refusals.” Pragmatics11(1): 31–61. 10.1075/prag.11.1.03tur
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.11.1.03tur [Google Scholar]
  55. Wolfson, Nessa
    1983 “An Empirically Based Analysis of Complimenting Behavior in American English.” InSociolinguistics and Language Acquisition, ed. byNessa Wolfson & Elliot Judd, 82–95. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Yuan, Yi
    2002 “Compliments and compliment responses in Kunming Chinese.” Pragmatics12(2):183–226. 10.1075/prag.12.2.04yua
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.12.2.04yua [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18037.eld
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18037.eld
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error