1887
Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The present study examines the extent to which sociohistorical and political contexts influence the language attitudes of Israeli-Druze students to Hebrew as L2 and to Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) in Arabic-speaking schools. It is a pioneer explorative research study that compares students’ attitudes toward diglossia and L2. Using the Foreign Languages Attitudes and Goals Survey (FLAGS), the attitudes of second, fifth, and ninth graders in two different Druze schools were assessed. The results indicate a positive attitude towards L2 Hebrew, not only for instrumental purposes but also for integration into Israel’s multicultural society. The positive attitude to L2 Hebrew is greater in older students, while the attitude to MSA becomes more negative among older students. Their low motivation to learn cultural heritage MSA may contribute to an understanding of how to teach it better or differently, as well as how to encourage future generations to learn it.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18056.abb
2021-10-29
2021-12-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abbas, Randa
    2018 “Is There a Commitment in Trainee Teachers of Israel’s Arab Sector to Educate for Multiculturalism?” Under Review.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Abu Asbah, Khaled
    2018 “Education for Multiculturalism among Arab Youth in Israel.” Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education12 (1): 1–13. 10.1080/15595692.2017.1381951
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15595692.2017.1381951 [Google Scholar]
  3. Abu-Asbah, Khaled, Wurud Jayusi and Naama Sabar Ben-Yehoshua
    2011 “The identity of Palestinian youngsters who are Israeli citizens: The extent of their identification with the state and with Jewish culture, and the implications for the education system”. Dapim52:11–45.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Abu-Rabia, Salim
    1996 “Druze Minority Students Learning Hebrew in Israel: The Relationship of Attitudes, Cultural Background, and Interest of Material to Reading Comprehension in a Second Language.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development17 (6): 415–26. 10.1080/01434639608666293
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434639608666293 [Google Scholar]
  5. 1999 “Identity and Second Language Learning: The Case of a Druze Minority Learning Hebrew as a Second Language.” Curriculum and Teaching14 (2): 95–106. 10.7459/ct/14.2.06
    https://doi.org/10.7459/ct/14.2.06 [Google Scholar]
  6. Amara, Muhammad
    2007 “Teaching Hebrew to Palestinian Pupils in Israel.” Current Issues in Language Planning8 (2): 243–54. 10.2167/cilp107.0
    https://doi.org/10.2167/cilp107.0 [Google Scholar]
  7. Attili, Lobna
    1999 “The Connection between Attitudes towards the Hebrew Language, Its Speakers and Their Culture, and the Peace Process in the Middle East, and Achievements in Hebrew in Post-Elementary Schools in Israel.” Tel-Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Brock, Colin, and Witold Tulasiewicz
    eds. 2018Cultural Identity and Educational Policy. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780429503771
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429503771 [Google Scholar]
  9. Cid, Eva, Gisela Granena, and Elsa Tragant
    2009 “Constructing and Validating the Foreign Language Attitudes and Goals Survey (FLAGS).” System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics37 (3): 496–513. 10.1016/j.system.2009.02.014
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2009.02.014 [Google Scholar]
  10. Court, Deborah, and Randa Abbas
    2010 “Role of Druze High Schools in Israel in Shaping Students’ Identity and Citizenship.” Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, 5(2), 145–162. 10.1177/1746197910370725
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1746197910370725 [Google Scholar]
  11. 2015 “Future Orientation in a Traditional Society: Higher Education and the Israeli Druze.” International Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Society5 (3): 9–17. 10.18848/2154‑8633/CGP/v05i03/51110
    https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8633/CGP/v05i03/51110 [Google Scholar]
  12. Donitsa-Schmidt, Smadar, Ofra Inbar, and Elana Shohamy
    2004 “The Effects of Teaching Spoken Arabic on Students’ Attitudes and Motivations in Israel.” The Modern Language Journal88 (2): 217–28. 10.1111/j.0026‑7902.2004.00226.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0026-7902.2004.00226.x [Google Scholar]
  13. Dörnyei, Zoltán, and Ema Ushioda
    2013Teaching and Researching Motivation. (Second Edition) London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315833750
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315833750 [Google Scholar]
  14. Eden, Shavah, Fayez Azam, and Yehudit Wolff
    1981 “Fostering the Druze Heritage via the School System: A Study of Values and Definition of Aims” Megamot: 295–306.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ellis, Nick C.
    2008 “The Dynamics of Second Language Emergence: Cycles of Language Use, Language Change, and Language Acquisition.” Modern Language Journal92 (2): 232–49. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.2008.00716.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2008.00716.x [Google Scholar]
  16. Ezer, Hana
    2004Multiculturalism in Society and School: Educational and Literacy Aspects. Ra’anana.: Open University Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Falah, Janan Farajh
    2018 “Does Multicultural Education Affect the Druze Heritage Curriculum?” Open Journal of Social Sciences6 (1): 257. 10.4236/jss.2018.61019
    https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2018.61019 [Google Scholar]
  18. Gardner, Robert C.
    2012 “Integrative Motivation and Global Language (English) Acquisition in Poland.” Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching2 (2): 215–26. 10.14746/ssllt.2012.2.2.5
    https://doi.org/10.14746/ssllt.2012.2.2.5 [Google Scholar]
  19. Gass, Susan M., Luke Plonsky, and Jennifer Behney
    2013Second Language Acquisition :An Introductory Course. 4th ed.New York: Routledge. 10.4324/9780203137093
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203137093 [Google Scholar]
  20. Ghenghesh, Pauline
    2010 “The Motivation of L2 Learners: Does It Decrease with Age?” English Language Teaching3 (1): 128–41. 10.5539/elt.v3n1p128
    https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v3n1p128 [Google Scholar]
  21. Hajjar, Lisa
    2000 “Speaking the Conflict, or How the Druze Became Bilingual: A Study of Druze Translators in the Israeli Military Courts in the West Bank and Gaza.” Ethnic and Racial Studies23 (2): 299–328. 10.1080/014198700329060
    https://doi.org/10.1080/014198700329060 [Google Scholar]
  22. Han, ZhaoHong
    2012 “Second Language Acquisition.” Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education. Sage Publications. 10.4135/9781452218533.n607
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452218533.n607 [Google Scholar]
  23. Hassan, Yousef, and Juval Portugali
    2016 “The Druse Specific Attachment to Their Settlements and Environment : An Empirical Examination in the Upper West Galilee.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Review2 (3): 12–25.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Ibrahim, Raphiq
    2010 “Diglossia and Bilingualism in the Context of Arabic Language: Evidence from a Cognitive Study.” Megamot46 (4). 598–625
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Ibrahim, Raphiq, and Judith Aharon-Peretz
    2005 “Is Literary Arabic a Second Language for Native Arab Speakers?: Evidence from Semantic Priming Study.” Journal of Psycholinguistic Research34 (1): 51–70. 10.1007/s10936‑005‑3631‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-005-3631-8 [Google Scholar]
  26. Isleem, Martin
    2015 “Druze Linguistic Landscape in Israel: Indexicality of New Ethnolinguistic Identity Boundaries.” International Journal of Multilingualism12 (1): 13–30. 10.1080/14790718.2013.868467
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2013.868467 [Google Scholar]
  27. 2016 “Linguistic Landscape in the School Setting: The Case of the Druze in Israel.” InInternational Perspectives on Bilingualism, edited byLydia Sciriha, 29–42. Newcastle Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kassem Radwan, Chad
    2018 “Assessing Druze Identity and Strategies for Preserving Druze Heritage in North America.” University of South Florida.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kaufman, Ilana
    2004 “Ethnic Affirmation or Ethnic Manipulation: The Case of the Druze in Israel.” Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, 9 (4), 53–82. 10.1080/13537110390444122
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13537110390444122 [Google Scholar]
  30. Kim, Su Yeong, and Ruth K. Chao
    2009 “Heritage Language Fluency, Ethnic Identity, and School Effort of Immigrant Chinese and Mexican Adolescents.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology15 (1): 27–37. 10.1037/a0013052
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013052 [Google Scholar]
  31. Marʻi, Abed-Alrahman
    2013Ṿallah Be-Seder: “Is everything really okay?”Linguistic portrait of Arabs in Israel. Jerusalem: Keter.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Masgoret, A. M. and Gardner, Robert C.
    2003 “Attitudes, Motivation, and Second Language Learning: A Meta-Analysis of Studies Conducted by Gardner and Associates.” Language Learning53 (1): 123–163. 10.1111/1467‑9922.00212
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9922.00212 [Google Scholar]
  33. Oppenheimer, Jonathan
    1978 “The Druze in Israel, as Arabs and Non-Arabs: An Essay on the Manipulation of Categories of Identity in a Non-Civil State.” Cambridge Anthropology4(2): 23–44.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Palmer, David
    2007 “What Is the Best Way to Motivate Students in Science?” Teaching Science: The Journal of the Australian Science Teachers Association53 (1): 38–42.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Pawlak, Mirosław
    2015 “Book Review Motivational Dynamics in Language Learning.” Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching5 (4): 707–713. 10.14746/ssllt.2015.5.4.10
    https://doi.org/10.14746/ssllt.2015.5.4.10 [Google Scholar]
  36. Pinto, Paulo
    2015 “The Religious Dynamics of Syrian-Lebanese and Palestinian Communities in Brazil.” Mashriq & Mahjar31 (1): 30–40. 10.24847/33i2015.64
    https://doi.org/10.24847/33i2015.64 [Google Scholar]
  37. Ross, Karen
    2017Untangling the Intervention-Context Dyad through Horizontal Comparison: Examples from Israeli Peacebuilding Organizations. Comparative Education Review. 61 (2): 327–353.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Saba-Sa’di, Sylvia, and Ahmad H. Sa’di
    2017 “State Power and the Role of Education in the Constitution of Natives’ Subjectivities: The Druze in Israel.” Social Identities, 24 (6): 817–835. 10.1080/13504630.2017.1303371
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13504630.2017.1303371 [Google Scholar]
  39. Sabbagh, Clara, Rabbea Faher-Aladeen, and Nura Resh
    2004 “Evaluation of Grade Distributions: A Comparison of Jewish and Druze Students in Israel.” Social Psychology of Education7 (3): 313–37. 10.1023/B:SPOE.0000037547.11163.36
    https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SPOE.0000037547.11163.36 [Google Scholar]
  40. Saiegh-Haddad, E.
    2008 “On the Challenges That Diglossia Poses to the Acquisition of Basic Literacy Skills in Arabic.” Literacy and Language1: 105–26.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Schumann, John H.
    1978 “The Relationship of Pidginization, Creolization and Decreolization to Second Language Acquisition.” Language Learning28 (2): 367–379. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1978.tb00140.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1978.tb00140.x [Google Scholar]
  42. Shafir, Gershon, and Yoav Peled
    2002Being Israeli: The dynamics of multiple citizenship. Vol.16. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139164641
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139164641 [Google Scholar]
  43. Stein-Smith, Kathleen
    2018 “Foreign languages and creativity- the quiet connection in a globalized/interconnected World How focusing on ‘deep work’ can help foster creativity, and foreign language competency.” Journal of Language Teaching and Research9 (1): 34–41. 10.17507/jltr.0901.05
    https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0901.05 [Google Scholar]
  44. VanPatten, Bill, and Alessandro G. Benati
    2015Key Terms in Second Language Acquisition. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Wuthnow, Robert
    2018 “Druze.” Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Yashima, Tomoko, Lori Zenuk-Nishide, and Kazuaki Shimizu
    2004 “The Influence of Attitudes and Effect on Willingness to Communicate and Second Language Communication.” Language Learning54 (1): 119–52. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2004.00250.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2004.00250.x [Google Scholar]
  47. Zunes, Stephen
    2007 “Golan Heights Druze Resistance.” InEncyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice, edited byG. L. Anderson and K. G. Herr, 625–27. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications. 10.4135/9781412956215.n362
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412956215.n362 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18056.abb
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18056.abb
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Arabic; attitudes; Druze; Hebrew; L2; language policy; minority; sociolinguistic domains
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error