1887
Volume 13, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Recent discourse research has examined the rise of right-wing populism. Yet the predominant focus on political parties and politicians means that we know less about how right-wing identities are performed among ordinary people with different degrees of political engagement. This paper examines reader comments pages in three British newspapers, analysing how participants perform, defend and reinforce their political identities in online fora. It traces how supporters of the far-right United Kingdom Independence Party perform collective identities and enact political antagonisms. The conclusions emphasise how online media particularly propitiate the blending of personal and societal discourses, and suggest that the internal dynamics of affordances such as comments pages propel conflict escalation and heighten antagonism.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18063.bre
2022-03-21
2022-05-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adler, Marina
    2012 “Collective identity formation and collective action framing in a Mexican ‘movement of movements’.” Interface4 (1): 287–315.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Angouri, Jo, and Theodora Tseliga
    2010 “‘you HAVE NO IDEA WHAT YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT!’ From e-disagreement to e-impoliteness in two online fora.” Journal of Politeness Research6: 57–82. 10.1515/jplr.2010.004
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jplr.2010.004 [Google Scholar]
  3. Badarneh, Muhammad, and Fathi Migdadi
    2018 “Acts of positioning in online reader comments on Jordanian news websites.” Language & Communication58: 93–106. 10.1016/j.langcom.2017.08.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2017.08.003 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bastos, Liliana and Maria do Carmo de Oliveira
    2006 “Identity and personal/institutional relations: people and tragedy in a health insurance customer service.” InDiscourse and Identity, ed. byAnna de Fina, Deborah Schiffrin, and Michael Bamberg, 188–212. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511584459.010
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511584459.010 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bennett, Sam
    2019Imagining the Peoples of Europe. Populist Discourses across the Political Spectrum, ed. byJan Zienkowski and Ruth Breeze, 229–256. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/dapsac.83.10ben
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.83.10ben [Google Scholar]
  6. Bingham, Adrian, and Mark Conboy
    2015Tabloid Century: The Popular Press in Britain, 1896 to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.3726/978‑3‑0353‑0700‑9
    https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0353-0700-9 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bottero, Wendy
    2004 “Class identities and the identity of class.” Sociology38 (5): 985–1003. 10.1177/0038038504047182
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038504047182 [Google Scholar]
  8. Breeze, Ruth
    2019a “Imagining the people in UKIP and Labour.” InPopulist Discourse: A Methodological Synergy, ed. byEncarnación Hidalgo Tenorio, Miguel-Ángel Benítez-Castro, and Francesca de Cesare, 120–135. London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780429026751‑8
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429026751-8 [Google Scholar]
  9. 2019b “Emotion in politics: Affective-discursive practices in UKIP and Labour.” Discourse & Society30 (1): 24–43. 10.1177/0957926518801074
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926518801074 [Google Scholar]
  10. 2020 “Exploring populist styles of discourse in Twitter”. World Englishes39(4): 550–567. 10.1111/weng.12496
    https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12496 [Google Scholar]
  11. Bucholtz, Mary, and Kira Hall
    2005 Identity and interaction: a sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies7 (4–5): 585–614. 10.1177/1461445605054407
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445605054407 [Google Scholar]
  12. Clark, Terry, and Seymour Lipset
    1991 “Are social classes dying?” International Sociology6: 397–410. 10.1177/026858091006004002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/026858091006004002 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cohen, Robin
    1994Frontiers of Identity. The British and the Others. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Coretti, Lorenzo, and Daniele Pica
    2015 “The rise and fall of collective identity in networked movements: Communication protocols, Facebook, and the anti-Berlusconi protest.” Information, Communication & Society18 (8): 951–967. 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043317
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043317 [Google Scholar]
  15. Davies, Bronwen, and Rom Harré
    1990 “Positioning: The discursive production of selves.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour20 (1): 43–64. 10.1111/j.1468‑5914.1990.tb00174.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1990.tb00174.x [Google Scholar]
  16. Della Porta, Donatella, and Mario Diani
    2006Social Movements: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Eder, Klaus
    2009 “A theory of collective identity. Making sense of the debate on a ‘European identity’.” European Journal of Social Theory12 (4): 427–447. 10.1177/1368431009345050
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431009345050 [Google Scholar]
  18. Garland, Jon, and Mike Rowe
    1996 “War minus the shooting? Jingoism, the English press and Euro 96.” Journal of Sport and Social Issues23 (1): 80–95. 10.1177/0193723599231006
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723599231006 [Google Scholar]
  19. Gerbaudo, Paolo
    2015 “Protest avatars as memetic signifiers: political profile pictures and the construction of collective identity on social media in the 2011 protest wave.” Information, Communication & Society18: 916–929. 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043316
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043316 [Google Scholar]
  20. Gifford, Chris
    2014 “The People against Europe: The Eurosceptic Challenge to the United Kingdom’s Coalition Government.” Journal of Common Market Studies52 (3): 512–52. 10.1111/jcms.12112
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12112 [Google Scholar]
  21. Goffman, Erwin
    1959The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Heritage, John
    1984Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. New York: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Huddy, Leonie
    2001 “From social to political identity: A critical examination of social identity theory.” Political Psychology22 (1): 127–156. 10.1111/0162‑895X.00230
    https://doi.org/10.1111/0162-895X.00230 [Google Scholar]
  24. Hunt, Scott, Robert D. Benford, and David A. Snow
    1994 Identity fields, framing processes and the social construction of movement identities. InNew Social Movements: From Ideology to Identity, ed. byEnrique Laraña, Hank Johnston, and Joseph R. Gusfield, 185–208. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kerbrat Orecchioni, Catherine
    1997 “A multi-level approach in the study of talk-in-action.” Pragmatics7 (1): 1–20. 10.1075/prag.7.1.01ker
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.7.1.01ker [Google Scholar]
  26. Kienpointner, Manfred
    1997 “Varieties of rudeness. Types and functions of impolite utterance.” Functions of Language4 (2), 251–287. 10.1075/fol.4.2.05kie
    https://doi.org/10.1075/fol.4.2.05kie [Google Scholar]
  27. Kimmel, Michael
    2018Healing from Hate. How Young Men get into – and out of – Violent Extremism. Oakland: University of California Press. 10.1525/9780520966086
    https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520966086 [Google Scholar]
  28. Kleinke, Sonja
    2010 “Interactive aspects of computer-mediated communication.” InDiscourses in Interaction, ed. bySanna-Kaisa Tanskanen, Marja-Liisa Helasvuo, Marjut Johansson, and Mia Raitaniemi, 195–222. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.203.15kle
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.203.15kle [Google Scholar]
  29. Korostelina, Karina
    2014 “Intergroup identity insults: a social identity theory perspective.” Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research14: 214–229. 10.1080/15283488.2014.921170
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15283488.2014.921170 [Google Scholar]
  30. Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria, Pilar Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, and Patricia Bou-Franch
    2011 “On-line polylogues and impoliteness: The case of postings sent in response to the Obama Reggaeton YouTube video.” Journal of Pragmatics43: 2578–2593. 10.1016/j.pragma.2011.03.005
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.03.005 [Google Scholar]
  31. Melucci, Alberto
    1995 “The process of collective identity.” InSocial movements and culture, ed. byHank Johnston and Bert Klandermans, 41–63. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Milan, Stefania
    2015 “From social movements to cloud protesting: The evolution of collective identity.” Information, Communication & Society18: 887–900. 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043135
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043135 [Google Scholar]
  33. Mollin, Sandra
    2018 “The use of face-threatening acts in the construction of in- and out-group identities in British parliamentary debates.” InThe Discursive Construction of Identities On- and Offline. Personal – Group – Collective, ed. byBirte Bös, Sonja Kleinke, Sandra Mollin, and Nuria Hernández, 205–225. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/dapsac.78.09mol
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.78.09mol [Google Scholar]
  34. Moore, Charles
    2013Margaret Thatcher: The Authorised Biography. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mudde, Cas
    2018 “Why is the far right dominated by men?” The Guardian, 17August. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/aug/17/why-is-the-far-right-dominated-by-men
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Nadeem, Nahla
    2014 “The Emergence of Politicized Collective Identity in Online News Commentaries as a form of Social Capital.” InIdentity and Leadership in Virtual Communities: Establishing Credibility and Influence, ed. byDona Hickey and Joseph Essid, 47–60. Hershey, Penn.: IGI Global. 10.4018/978‑1‑4666‑5150‑0.ch003
    https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-5150-0.ch003 [Google Scholar]
  37. 2019 “Politicizing collective identities: Online news commentaries in the Arab Spring”. InPopulist discourse across modes and media, ed. byRuth Breeze and Ana María Fernández Vallejo, 317–338. Bern: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Perelmutter, Renee
    2013 “Klassika zhanra: The flamewar as a genre in the Russian blogosphere.” Journal of Pragmatics45 (1): 74–89. 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.10.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.10.006 [Google Scholar]
  39. Reay, Diane
    2005 “Beyond consciousness. The psychic landscape of social class.” Sociology39 (5): 911–928. 10.1177/0038038505058372
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038505058372 [Google Scholar]
  40. Reisigl, Martin, and Ruth Wodak
    2001Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Ruelle, Olivier, and Peter Peverelli
    2016 “The discursive construction of identity through interaction on social media in a Chinese NGO.” Chinese Journal of Communication. 10.1080/17544750.2016.1217899
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17544750.2016.1217899 [Google Scholar]
  42. Simon, Bernd
    2004Identity in Modern Society. A Social Psychological Perspective. Oxford: Blackwell. 10.1002/9780470773437
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470773437 [Google Scholar]
  43. Simon, Bernd, and Bert Klandermans
    2001 Politicized collective identity: A social psychological analysis. American Psychologist56 (4): 319–331. 10.1037/0003‑066X.56.4.319
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.4.319 [Google Scholar]
  44. Treré, Emiliano
    2015 “Reclaiming, proclaiming and maintaining collective identity in the in the #yosoy132 movement in Mexico.” Information, Communication & Society18: 901–915. 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043744
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1043744 [Google Scholar]
  45. Turner, John, Michael Hogg, Penelope Oakes, Stephen Reicher, and Margaret Wetherell
    1987Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-categorization Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Van Dijk, Teun A.
    2009 Critical discourse studies: A socio-cognitive approach. InMethods for Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. byRuth Wodak and Michael Meyer, 62–86. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Wodak, Ruth
    2015The Politics of Fear. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18063.bre
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ps.18063.bre
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error