Volume 12, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



Literary works across cultures are never written in a vacuum. They depict the reality of the society where they are set. With the societal obligation of the writers to serve as righters, especially in Africa, this study attempts a pragmatic inquiry of the state of the Nigerian society as implicitly and artistically painted in Remi Raji’s poetry collection, The known literature on Remi Raji’s have analysed the collection mainly from literary and ideological perspectives. Attention has not been given to the collection from a pragmatic perspective, hence the intervention of this study. Drawing insights from Jacob Mey’s Pragmatic Acts Theory, the study analyses the pragmatic imports in the collection with fourteen (14) randomly selected excerpts across different segments of the collection constituting the data. Data was purposively selected from different poems in the collection. The findings show that the two major discursive issues in the text are the depiction of the government as cruel and the portrayal of the citizenry as victims. The former was conveyed through the practs of oppressing, embezzling and deceiving, while the latter was revealed through the practs of suffering and hoping. The study concludes that pragmatics is a valuable tool in the demystification of texts.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Allan, Keith
    2010 “Referring as a Pragmatic Act.” Journal of Pragmatics42: 2919–2931. 10.1016/j.pragma.2010.06.017
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2010.06.017 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bamgbose, Ganiu, and Temitope Gabriel
    2017 “A Critical Stylistic Reading of Remi Raji’s a Harvest of Laughters.” Ibadan Journal of Humanistic Studies27: 141–158.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Benjamin, Shoshana
    2012 “On the Distinctiveness of Poetic Language.” New Literary History43: 89–111. 10.1353/nlh.2012.0004
    https://doi.org/10.1353/nlh.2012.0004 [Google Scholar]
  4. Capone, Alessandro
    2005 “Pragmemes – A Study with Reference to English and Italian.” Journal of Pragmatics37: 1355–1371. 10.1016/j.pragma.2005.01.013
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2005.01.013 [Google Scholar]
  5. 2010 “On the Social Practice of Indirect Reports – Further Advances in the Theory of Pragmemes.” Journal of Pragmatics42: 377–391. 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.06.013
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.06.013 [Google Scholar]
  6. Capone, Alessandro, and Jacob L. Mey
    2020 “On the Poetic Function of Language and Pragmatics.” Retrieved fromacademia.eduonAugust 20, 2020.
  7. Crystal, David
    1987The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Jeffries, Lesley
    2007Textual Construction of the Female Body: A Critical Discourse Approach. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230593626
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230593626 [Google Scholar]
  9. 2010Critical Stylistics. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1007/978‑1‑137‑04516‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-04516-4 [Google Scholar]
  10. Kecskes, Istvan
    2010 “Situation-bound Utterances as Pragmatic Acts.” Journal of Pragmatics42: 2889–2897. 10.1016/j.pragma.2010.06.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2010.06.008 [Google Scholar]
  11. Levinson, Stephen C.
    1983Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511813313
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813313 [Google Scholar]
  12. Mey, Jacob L.
    1999When Voices Clash – A Study in Literary Pragmatics. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110801415
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110801415 [Google Scholar]
  13. 2001Pragmatics: An Introduction, 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 2006Pragmatic Acts. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed. Oxford: Elsevier.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. ed. 2009Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics. Atlanta: Elsevier. (Sec’d ed.)
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Ogungbemi, Olarotimi D.
    2016 “The Ideological Square and Transitivity in the Poetry of Remi Raji.” Journal of Linguistics and Language in Education10 (2): 10–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Oji, Ruth K.
    2018a “Aspects of Power Relations in Chinua Achebe’s A Man of the People.” An African Journal of New Writing. 57: 227–235.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 2018b “Mental and Context Models of Ideological Expressions of Participants in Nigerian Television Talk Shows.” InDiscourse-Stylistics, Sociolinguistics and Society – A Festschrift for Ayo Ogunsiji, ed. byA. Osisanwo, Ibrahim Olaosun, and Idowu Odebode, pp.365–382. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2019 “Accounting for Expressions of Ideology in Discourses Using the Critical Discourse Analysis Framework.” InContemporary Issues in Language Studies, ed. bySunday, A., and Francis O. Egbokhare, pp.284–305. Ibadan: Scholarship Publishers (Nig) Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Olaniyan, Solomon
    2014 “Laughter and Anguish in Remi Raji’s A Harvest of Laughters.” International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature2 (7): 110–121.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Raji, Remi
    1997A Harvest of Laughters. Ibadan: Kraftgiots.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Sunday, Adesina, and Ruth K. Oji
    2015 “Paralinguistic Analysis of Selected Nigerian Television Talk Shows.” Ibadan Journal of English Studies11: 1–32.
    [Google Scholar]
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error