Volume 14, Issue 4
  • ISSN 1878-9714
  • E-ISSN: 1878-9722
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In Spanish, and + infinitive are modal periphrases that convey deontic meanings. The present investigation analyzes these periphrases as variants used in diverse communicative settings by different kinds of participants, acting as either speakers/writers or addressees. + infinitive tends to appear in those contexts where a more striking implication or unavoidable recommendation is needed. + infinitive is used more in a wide range of genres promoting a desubjectivizing-deontic meaning. As for the sex/gender of the participants, men more frequently use + infinitive, whereas women tend to employ + infinitive. The latter feature was also found to be significant when the sex/gender of the addressee is unknown; also, + infinitive resulted more frequently in texts to be read or listened by women. The sociolinguistic distribution of the meanings conveyed by each periphrasis helps to delineate communicative styles based on the objectivity-subjectivity dimension.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Deontics; Objectivity; Periphrasis; Sex/gender; Style; Subjectivity; Syntactic variation
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